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One of the most difficult stages of the repair is to repair the bathrooms. At first glance, the installation or replacement of plumbing can seem like an impossible task. However, having studied in detail the sanitary device mounting technology can independently perform its installation. Toilet bowl: how to install the device in dependence on the type of design described in this article detail.
In order to correctly select all the components and know how to install a toilet bowl with your hands, you must first carefully study the theoretical material
1 varieties of toilets
- 1.1 Material
- 1.2 The classification of the installation of toilets mean
- 1.3 Variants of the toilet tank design
- 2 The preparatory phase of the toilet installation
- 3 Toilet: how to install the device. mounting methods
- 4 Connection options for a toilet bowl to the sewer
5 Mounting options squat toilet
- 5.1 How to install a toilet on a tile with dowels
6 Installing a suspended toilet
- 6.1 How do I install the toilet installation
- 6.2 Installing the toilet with their own hands: video tutorial
varieties of toilets
Before you install the toilet, the price of which depends on the type of product, you should learn about the types of sanitary devices and their design features that affect the version of the device mounting. Based on the scheme the toilet in device design includes sanitary bowl and cistern. The cup may have a dished, visor or funnel shape.
Currently, types of toilet bowls are distinguished in shape, installation method, the type and the drain conjugation with canalizations
By appointment distinguish children, universal toilets and devices for people with disabilities. The first embodiment is represented by small-sized products, cartouches different colors. They are set in preschool. Universal toilet seats can be used by people regardless of age and gender. The design of the latest version is additionally equipped with handrails, armrests and wide bowl that is height adjustable.
Toilets can be horizontal, vertical, and scythe form of release. The first option is to connect the device to the waste outlet located in the wall of the room. Toilet bowls with vertical outlet are connected to the center tap, located on the floor. Devices with an oblique release are considered universal. Due to specific shaped articles toilet can be connected to the sewer through the wall and across the floor.
Depending on the device housing material discharged from earthenware, porcelain, metal, and natural stone. Porcelain characterized by high strength, durability and ease of service. The material is resistant to the absorption of unpleasant odors. However, the toilets of porcelain are of high value. The porcelain products are also characterized by high quality performance, but have a more acceptable value. The disadvantages are the tendency to absorb odors and the fear of chemicals.
It has long been believed that the most common material used for production of sanitary ware, is precisely faience
marble can be used for the manufacture of toilet bowls, granite, travertine or onyx. These products belong to the elite plumbing. They are characterized by high quality, long life and a unique design. However, toilet bowls of natural stone has a high cost and high weight, thus limiting the number of variants of installation of the device.
Metal toilet bowls made of reinforced steel with nickel-plated or chrome-plated. They are distinguished by high strength and an acceptable price. However, due to the specific appearance of the device is suitable for a particular design.
The classification of the installation of toilets mean
Depending on the installation options bowl can be mounted, floor, or underfloor addl. Hinged, or wall-mounted toilet bowl does not touch the floor, and set on a sound installation, built into the wall, which also houses the tank to drain. In this case, the entire communication is hidden, thus increasing the free space of the room and get the aesthetic appearance of the bathroom. However, this option requires significant financial additions. Due to the installation frame installation. Such secrecy complicates the process of further maintenance and repair.
The most popular model of the toilet - floor for its installation requires no special tools
Extension products are installed on the floor, and all the pipes, valves and drain tank hidden in the wall. Visually, it will see only the flush button. Despite the fact that part of the structure is hidden, which creates an attractive appearance bathrooms, with a practical point of view it is not the best solution. Maintenance and repair in this case is very difficult and time-consuming process.
Trench sanitary units are installed in the floor recess. This variant is frequently used for arrangement of public toilets. The most popular and convenient solution is the installation of a floor toilet. The design differs a low cost, the installation of the device is fast and easy, does not require special skills. Convenient location and communication design contributes to easy maintenance and repair.
Variants of the toilet tank design
The toilet can be equipped with different type of cistern, which can be placed on the bowl or installed separately. Compact models in which the tank stands in a bowl or a special shelf, ideal for small bathrooms. In this case, the fixing tank to the toilet bowl is performed prior to the mounting device.
System designs toilets with concealed cistern an excellent opportunity to install toilets in different parts of the room
Monoblocks are the whole product, consisting of a bowl and tank. This design has an attractive appearance and affordable price.
Corner toilets are a variety of compact models. The design has a triangular shape, which allows you to install the device in a corner and thus save additional space. The size of the bowl cistern is only 34h72h37 see. Such a model will make the room interesting and unique.
In separate models of the tank can be placed on a wall or on the ceiling. It connects to the bowl via the drain pipe. This is a rather cumbersome model that is appropriate only for large rooms. In this case, the tank is installed after the installation of a toilet bowl. However, such models are now set very often.
Install toilet tank depends on its performance. It can be placed on the toilet bowl or be wall-mounted above the device. To study the features of each option will help video tutorial "How to install your own hands and fix the toilet cistern."
Design models toilet monoblock is quite simple and concise, through this fits well into the interior of any bathroom
The preparatory phase of the toilet installation
Installation of the device can be performed independently, or use the services of specialists. What is the cost to install the toilet in the apartment, will depend on the type of product and attachment options. On average, the cost of services is 2000 rubles.
If you resolved the issue begin to replace the toilet with their own hands, should prepare the necessary tools and materials:
- hammer or a drill with drill bits for concrete and ceramic tiles;
- adjustable wrench;
- a hammer or a chisel;
- rubber spatula;
- a flexible hose for connecting the cold water supply;
- ball valve;
- corrugation or sewer pipe;
- mounting for a toilet bowl;
- cement-sand mortar.
Qualitatively perform installation of a toilet bowl with your hands is not possible with a minimal set of essential tools that are in the house from any host
Important!If the toilet is installed on installation, The above list is complemented by an appropriate set is purchased in a hardware store.
Before you install the toilet with their own hands, should be to dismantle the old device. Overlaps cold water in the tank, and all the liquid is drained off. Using a wrench, unscrew and remove the hose that connects the reservoir to the water supply. The following is to dismantle the tank itself, which was bolted to the toilet bowl by means of bolts.
Now it is necessary to dismantle the toilet itself. The sequence of actions will depend on the type of installation device. If the toilet was bolted to the floor by bolts enough to unscrew and remove the mounting sanitary units. If the bowl is mounted on a wooden plinth, taffeta, then you must disconnect the screws from the board. A taffeta then delete itself. As a result, formed in the floor recess that should be sealed cement-sand mortar.
Important!The cement slurry hardens within a month, but the drill holes for the new attachment can be in a week.
When installing the toilet the following tasks: to connect to sewerage, sealing the base and fastened to the floor
If the issue is embedded with cement mortar, it can be destroyed using a chisel and hammer. The process should be carried out carefully so as not to damage the pig iron production. To unpleasant odors from the sewers is not spread through the room, a hole must be closed flap.
If the toilet is mounted using adhesive mastics, enough with the help of the construction of the knife loosen the seal and hit as follows on the front of the cup. Next, you need to pull the release from the cuff.
Toilet: how to install device. mounting methods
The option to install the toilet, videos clearly show the sequence of steps depends on the type of device and its design features. Floor devices are considered the most common type of equipment. They are mounted on the floor after completion of tiling. Sequence of operations depends on the installation options squat toilet.
Fastening to the floor of the toilet bowl may be open or closed method. A first embodiment involves the installation of the product by means of special external use that go to complete the device. The second method is more laborious. Mounting of the toilet is carried out via the internal mounting to provide more aesthetic appearance of the device.
Fixing the toilet to the floor open method is not as aesthetically pleasing as the interior, but it is much easier to mount
Mounted toilets are installed at a certain height above the floor by means of special designs, installations, for which the system itself is fixed. Installation of the device is performed prior to finishing.
Selection of an embodiment of a method also depends on the toilet bowl to the sewer pipe connection. Toilet bowls with horizontal outlet connected to the sewer system at right angles. Devices with an oblique release are connected at an angle of 45 degrees. Sewage socket for connecting devices with vertical outlet is located in the floor.
Before proceeding to the installation of the toilet should be to prepare the ground. For outdoor device, it should be smooth.
Connection options for a toilet bowl to the sewer
one of the following connecting elements can be used to connect the toilet to the sewage system:
- sewer pipe;
Connecting the toilet design
- plastic pipe;
With plastic pipes, you can connect any configuration. When assembling the connecting elements should be necessary to use rubber seals. To obtain a tight and reliable connection is further recommended sealant.
Design bathrooms with WC: photos of interiors and interesting solutions
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Sewer pipe is most commonly used for horizontal release. It should be borne in mind that the mouth of sewer pipe and the release of the toilet should be ideally suited to each other, because the shift device will not work.
If the connection to the sewer issue occurs with the help of the eccentric sleeve, the sealant can not be used as part design provides the necessary tightness. The output of the cam is inserted into the waste outlet. It is important to choose the correct diameter of the part. The second end of the cam is worn on the withdrawal of the toilet. The design of the connecting device allows to shift the toilet to a small distance with respect to the sewage riser.
Corrugation to connect the toilet to the sewage system
The most popular and easiest option connection of the riser to the toilet is the use of flutes, which can be used for any kind of toilet. How to Install a corrugation on the toilet? At one edge of the corrugated undulating strip applied silicone. This part is inserted into the waste outlet. The same procedure is performed with another edge of the corrugations, that is worn on the neck of the toilet. The joints are pressed with your fingers.
Mounting options squat toilet
There are three ways how to install a toilet bowl with his hands, the video clearly shows the sequence of the actions of each of them:
- Installation on wooden base;
- installation on the wall plugs;
- setting adhesive.
One way to mount the toilet on the wooden base - setting designs on taffeta
Mounting plugs on the toilet is the most common one. This method is commonly used for product installation on tile. Before installing base should be prepared, which should be perfectly flat. Floor tiles should be laid before the assembly. This is the budget option when deciding how much it costs to install the toilet. After all, the costs depend only on the cost of the device.
Installation toilet adhesive is carried out only on a smooth base. To perform the installation you must use high-quality adhesive, in which can be a silicone adhesive, epoxy hardener or liquid sealant. The first step is performed markup: the toilet is encircled by a contour. Installation site is cleaned of contaminants. For better adhesion of the glue, it is recommended to treat the surface with sandpaper and degrease. On the basis of the instruction preparing adhesive. He applied the circled contour, marked on the bottom and the bottom of the bowl. The device is put in place and pressed to the floor.
Useful advice! For complete drying of the glue may need at least 12 hours, during which the toilet can not be operated.
How do I install the toilet in a private home on a wooden floor? To do so, use the method of mounting the device on a wooden base, taffeta. It is a wooden beam hardwood thickness of 2.8-3.2 cm.
Installing a toilet bowl on a wooden floor under the force of even the novice master, the main thing - to get acquainted with all the subtleties of work and choose the best method of installation
Useful advice!The workpiece to be processed against rotting varnish.
For reliable fastening to the floor taffeta on it should be fixed anchor, which should serve to 2-3 cm above the level of the board. Further, in the floor of a recess is performed, which is filled with cement mortar. Taft rolls anchors projecting downwards and recessed into the slurry. Timber must be flush with the floor. Mounting bowl should be performed after complete drying cement.
Plumbing apparatus is placed on the taffeta and fixed to it with screws, which are placed under the cap rubber gaskets. Screws to easily screw up, it is recommended to lubricate their grease or graphite.
When installing the toilet to the floor open method are seen all fasteners on the outside of the structure, which simplifies the fixation
Useful advice! Instead of a wooden bar, you can use old rubber mat or a piece of linoleum.
How do I install the toilet bowl on the tiles with dowels
Fastening toilet with dowels can be open or closed. Outdoor installation method involves the use of external fixing a toilet bowl by means of special bolts, which are included in the box toilet. The first thing to determine where to install the device in view of the location of all the input lines. The equipment is set on a tile and executed marking all the holes.
Useful advice!To mark as accurate as possible, it is necessary to hold a pencil vertically.
In order to install the toilet on the tiles by means of dowels, a drill hole is drilled the desired depth, depending on the size of the acquired fasteners
Marked locations to be drilled for further installation of dowels. We should immediately use a drill on the glass, so as not to damage the fragile tiles, and then you must apply the concrete drill bit to prevent damage to the first. The holes should be cleaned of dust. For additional waterproofing of their need to fill with silicone. Then insert the mounting plugs.
The toilet must be installed in place after brushing circuit silicone base to create a good proofing. In the prepared holes necessary to mount standoffs where twist mounting bolts that are mounted plugs. Using a rubber spatula remove excess silicone prior to its hardening. Next, a toilet tank. How to assemble the unit, you can see the details in the video located on the Internet. After that, you must connect the device to the communications.
How do I install the toilet in a private house with his own hands closed way? As in the previous version should first prepare the installation site, correctly calculating the distance to hoses and pipes. Attachment to a toilet bowl must be attached in advance. The sanitary device is installed on a certain place, and encircled by the contour of the marker to mark attachment points. Drilled holes into which fit dowels. To them by means of special bolts, screw the inner mount.
Set bowl on the tiles with dowels hidden way more complicated, but the end result looks much more aesthetically
Next are connecting the toilet to the necessary communications. fum-use tape for sealing pipe joints. After connecting the toilet to the water supply and sewage systems in the body of the device should be thoroughly tighten the screws on the fixtures.
Important!If the system is installed in the bathroom floor heating, installation of toilet closed the way to carry out prohibited.
To study the features of the installation techniques will help video "How to install the toilet in the apartment with his hands."
Installing a suspended toilet
To solve the problem, how to install wall mounted WC, in two ways. A first embodiment involves assembling the device on a concrete base, the second - on a metal installation.
The hanging toilet flushing works much better system because of the design features, moreover, in such systems, there is a dual flush button, which allows you to spend less water
Installing hinged toilet first method begins with the execution mark. In the wall of drilled holes for mounting rods for fixing the toilet bowl. Next, a wooden formwork panels which are set vertically and are fastened together with screws. In its central part, two openings are also performed. Then the clutch is installed to drain water.
The openings in the wall and the adhesive is applied are inserted rods that must come out of the form panel horizontally. Fills cavity with concrete. After solidification of its formwork is removed. With the help of the corrugations are connecting to a device cistern. Corrugation is fixed with silicone sealant. Toilet hung on rods and clamped with a plastic washer and nut. At the end you connect to the suspension tank and drain test. The whole process can be clearly seen on the video "How to install a toilet suspended type on a concrete base."
How do I install the toilet installation
Suspension toilet can be installed on the installationThat comes in the box. It consists of a metal frame which is fastened to the wall, and it is hung toilet bowl.
scheme install a toilet design
One of the most popular is considered Geberit installation, the installation is performed on the basis of the instruction. The frame is mounted vertically, and is fixed to the wall and the floor by means of special fixtures. With the help of the lower stops is carried out of the frame height adjustment, and the top to help put an equal distance from the wall.
Important! installation center should be located above the middle of the sewer outlet.
When the frame is mounted, you can install in its place according to the instruction of connecting elements such as clutches and pipes. This is followed in the correct position to install the metal rods that will hold the bowl. At a desired distance extends sewer pipe and the bracket is fixed at a predetermined position. Then be connected to the tank of water with the help of a corrugated pipe. Connections are fixed with the help of the union nut. In the end, you must install the cover and the installation is ready.
To close the installation can be mounted falshstenu plasterboard sheets which are attached to the mounted profiles and installation frame. After the decorative facing surface of the wall on metal rods hung toilet bowl. Its release is tightly sealed and comes in a plastic socket. At the end of the process must be set the decorative panel drain device with a button. Read more about the installation, you can install geberit video located on specialized sites.
Installation saves space and hide Plum: all pipes and communications remain out of sight and are located in the wall
Before proceeding to the installation of a toilet bowl with his hands should examine in detail all the subtleties of this issue. The progress of the work depends on the type of product and its method of installation. Following the instructions will perform the installation of high quality and reliable to obtain a durable sanitary product and the aesthetic appearance of bathrooms. In the case of specialist staff should find out how much it costs to install the toilet. The price of services may be different.