Building levels: bubble products and other options, instructions on how to select videos and photos

// build exactly Building level: the 3 most popular varieties with specific examples and recommendations on the choice of

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Table of contents

  • 1 appointment
  • 2 Option №1: gidrouroven
    • 2.1 Using
    • 2.2 dignity
    • 2.3 disadvantages
    • 2.4 shopping
  • 3 Option №2: Spirit Level
    • 3.1 dignity
    • 3.2 subtleties choice
    • 3.3 shopping
  • 4 Option №3: Level Laser
    • 4.1 dignity
    • 4.2 shortcoming
    • 4.3 shopping
  • 5 conclusion

High-quality construction ensures the level of accuracy of geometrical parameters in the construction of a wide variety of construction, assembly and installation of domestic and industrial equipment, finishing work and applying layouts. In general, the binding assistant, both for professional builders and home worker. Further, the same want to talk about this wonder device in more detail.

Photos used in the construction levels

Photos used in the construction levels

appointment

What is doing construction levels? What is their focus? The fact that they are structurally designed so that always show a flat horizontal or vertical relative to the earth's surface.

Here we take for example, a brick wall. Beautiful and reliable it will be only when all the bricks are laid horizontally in relation to the flooded basement. In the opposite case, we get the absurd accumulation of parallelepipeds, not today threatening because tomorrow break into pieces. And the roof on this one may say the design set, certainly will not work.

The principle of using a spirit level to control the horizontal brickwork

The principle of using a spirit level to control the horizontal brickwork

Hope the same in this case on your own good eye is a gross mistake, as even the most experienced master does not match with the simplest building level on this issue. The whole point of these devices in the device, which can have multiple variations, which we discuss below.

Option №1: gidrouroven

A simple water level

A simple water level

This is the most simple variation building level, which can even make their own hands. The principle of operation of such a device is built on a school course of physics. In particular, it uses a rule, telling that liquid level in the interconnected containers is always.

Principle of operation and an example of using gidrourovnya

Principle of operation and an example of using gidrourovnya

As seen from the above scheme, the water level design consists of the following elements:

  • Two transparent flasks with markings on the walls;

Despite the fact that most devices can be found with cylindrical flasks, I recommend to buy those samples in which they are in the form of parallelepipeds. They are much easier to apply to the flat walls.

EXAMPLE gidrourovnya with blood vessels in the form of parallelepipeds

EXAMPLE gidrourovnya with blood vessels in the form of parallelepipeds

  • Tube connecting them. It should be borne in mind that the larger the diameter of the hose connection, the faster the normal level of water in the device during its operation. Normally this parameter is 0.6-0.8 cm. The length of the structural fragment may range from 7 to 25 and m.

Using

Operating Instructions of the measuring device is very simple and also easily visible on the resulted schematic representation:

  1. Fill the water inside the deviceThen it becomes quite weighty;
  2. We put one flask to the existing mark;
  3. A second tray to that part of the wallOn which to project the first point;
  4. Waiting for aligning liquid and in accordance with the scale mark desired place.
That's the way can look around the use of the water level of the building for its intended purpose

That's the way can look around the use of the water level of the building for its intended purpose

It goes all the rewards this tool with their positive and negative qualities, let's start with the first:

dignity

  • Low price. In the manufacture of not using anything expensive;
  • High accuracy. Physics itself is responsible for it. Well, truth is, water can not lie and show incorrect values, this would violate the laws of the whole universe. So that this device is the most accurate of all building levels.

Most importantly, be sure to check for the absence of air bubbles in the tube. Their presence - the only thing that can break the veracity of the testimony of the measuring instrument.

disadvantages

The disadvantages are the least important quality:

  • Inability to use for measuring a vertical plane. The liquid is aligned exclusively horizontally, or even to drink tea would not work;
  • The impossibility of measuring one person. Even if it is not about the different parts of the room, and on one wall a small area where you can keep both the flask at arm's length, still somehow will still need to apply the layout.

You can buy a model with a special hanging holes in flasks, this is to some extent facilitate the independent gidrourovnya operation. But still better to work with them together in order to avoid errors.

Special loop for hanging vessels

Special loop for hanging vessels

shopping

In DIY stores you can meet the following water levels:

  • Model of the Russian manufacturer "Sibrteh":
Parameter Description
Weight 2130 g
Manufacturer country Russia
hose slowness 15 m
Material Plastic
The cross section of hose 0.8 cm
cost of 190 rubles
Sample model of the Russian manufacturer "Sibrteh"

Sample model of the Russian manufacturer "Sibrteh"

  • «STAYER MASTER 3485-06-10» Model:
Parameter Description
Weight 850 g
Country of origin of the brand Germany
hose slowness 10 m
Material polyvinylchloride
The cross section of hose 0.6 cm
cost of 180 rubles
Sample model «STAYER MASTER 3485-06-10»

Sample model «STAYER MASTER 3485-06-10»

Option №2: Spirit Level

Bubble building level in person

Bubble building level in person

Spirit level allows you to control the horizontal and vertical of any surface due to an air bubble enclosed in a small flask with an alcoholWhich for ease of use, in turn, is embedded in the elongated body-line.

The position of the bubble shows the possible deviations

The position of the bubble shows the possible deviations

Thus, you only need to attach the device to a wall, floor, ceiling, furniture interior object, household electrical equipment or any other structure that on the deflection of a balloon to establish its position in space.

Using the bubble spirit level in different conditions

Using the bubble spirit level in different conditions

This variation of the instrument from all levels of the building is the most convenient for consumer use. Why? To this question fully answer, let's look at the advantages of a spirit level:

dignity

  • The ability to measure the vertical or horizontal plane. Simply select the device with two or three flasks;
Vaterpas can measure not only a horizontal surface but also a vertical, diagonal, and even in the presence of relevant flasks

Vaterpas can measure not only a horizontal surface but also a vertical, diagonal, and even in the presence of relevant flasks

  • Wide price range. Depending on your needs can be purchased as a cheap model for occasional home use, and expensive high quality for a permanent job in the professional field;
  • Convenience and ease of use with one hand. The second need is only for road marking, if necessary.
Bubble level can be used alone, even in the case of measurements required when installing plasterboard ceiling

Bubble level can be used alone, even in the case of measurements required when installing plasterboard ceiling

subtleties choice

Speaking of shortcomings, one could mention, for example, a high error of the measurements and the low mechanical stability of the device. But all this is true only to the samples of poor quality.

Therefore, in order that you do not become a victim of such a purchase, I want to tell you how to choose the level of the bubble building type:

  1. First of all, decide on how long you want the device:
EXAMPLE long and short spirit levels

EXAMPLE long and short spirit levels

  • Short (400-600 mm) for applying tile installation of windows and window sills, furniture and exhibiting washing machines, the implementation of brickwork;
  • Long (2000 mm) for mounting beacons control the horizontal and vertical planes of various kinds, marking spray, screed installation of gypsum boards;

If you you have only good short spirit level, and need a long, do not despair. Find a flat, two-meter piece of wood or aluminum profile, available device strapped to a peculiar line of adhesive tape and work on.

  1. By the choice of the form and should come with responsibility. The fact is that very often you can find housing in the form of rail, but such samples are often deformed during the operation. Will be the ideal choice parallelepiped with edge stiffening strip. Such a tool will last a long time even in the most extreme conditions;
Rectangular better tolerate mechanical stress

Rectangular better tolerate mechanical stress

  1. Now let us discuss flasks device. Pay attention to the size of an air bubble: the higher it is, the better the work unit;
The larger the balloon in the bulb, the better

The larger the balloon in the bulb, the better

The presence of a system of mirrors for the vessel, measures the vertical, will be a great addition, because without it, it is very difficult to discern the possible deviation of the air bubble. But unfortunately such a device is uncommon.

  1. If we talk about the error, then for household operation will suit even the tools that are able to "cheat" on 1 mm per meter. Professionals should focus on the instruments that present the horizontal and vertical accuracy with to 0.5 mm per meter;
  2. Spend on the working surfaces of the water level, they should be smooth, Indicating that the high-quality milling. Otherwise, go to the next instrument;
  3. The presence of such additional devices, such as:
  • magnetsThrough which you can hang the bubble level in the profile for convenience of regulation;
  • slots, Making it possible to easily take the device by hand;
In these slots easily into the hand with girth straps

In these slots easily into the hand with girth straps

  • rubber liningProtecting the device when falling.

shopping

What kind of spirit levels can be found on the shelves of specialty stores? Variety.

Here are some examples:

  • "Torpedo" model:
Parameter Description
Weight 65 g
Length 23 cm
Material Plastic
The number of holes 3 pcs.
cost of 40 rubles
A sample of "Torpedo" model

A sample of "Torpedo" model

  • «Matrix» Model:
Parameter Description
Weight 390 g
country of Origin Chinese People's Republic
brand name "Era"
Length 60 cm
Material Aluminum
The number of holes
  • Two common;
  • one turning
Slots for hands present
milling present
cost of 165 rubles
«Matrix» model sample

«Matrix» model sample

  • «Dexell» Model:
Parameter Description
Weight 120 g
country of Origin Chinese People's Republic
brand name «Dexell»
Length 20 cm
Material Aluminum
The number of holes 2 pcs.
Slots for hands There are no
cost of 290 rubles
«Dexell» model sample

«Dexell» model sample

  • «Kapro Genesis» Model:
Parameter Description
Weight 520 g
country of Origin Israel
brand name «Kapro»
Length 80 cm
Material Aluminum
The number of holes 2 pcs.
Slots for hands There are no
milling present
mirror system, improves visibility flasks present
cost of 1610 rubles
«Kapro Genesis» model sample

«Kapro Genesis» model sample

  • «Kapro Opti-Vision» Model:
Parameter Description
Weight 760 g
country of Origin Israel
brand name «Kapro»
Length 80 cm
Material Aluminum
The number of holes 2 pcs.
Slots for hands present
milling present
mirror system, improves visibility flasks present
Rubber amortization plugs present
cost of 2350 rubles
Sample model «Kapro Opti-Vision»

Sample model «Kapro Opti-Vision»

Option №3: Level Laser

Laser Level - a marvel of modern construction equipment

Laser Level - a marvel of modern construction equipment

This priborchik accuracy is able to surpass even gidrouroven. Its quite reliably set to a hard surface, turn on, and the red line will show you the necessary markings.

Laser level in the

Laser level in the

This automation brings its own advantages:

dignity

  • The highest measurement accuracy, Which I have already mentioned;
  • The possibility of exploitation by one man even over large areas;
  • High speed get results.

shortcoming

Negative feature in this case alone, but very weighty - it excessively high priceExcluding the spread of such devices in the household sector. Therefore, they are buying, as a rule, only professionals who need such technology in their work.

shopping

When shopping, you may encounter the following representatives of this class of building levels:

  • «Bosch PLL2» Model:
Parameter Description
Weight 650 g
country of Origin Chinese People's Republic
brand name «Bosch»
Country of origin of the brand Germany
Width 7 cm
Height 10.5 cm
Length 10.2 cm
Used materials Metal and plastic
Display Electronic
Equipment
  • cover;
  • 3 AAA batteries with capacity of 1.5;
  • Tripod
The level of precision 2
possible deviations 0.5 mm per meter
radius of influence 10 m
alignment method Auto
Feed rays Linear
Wavelength 640 Hm
Color laser beam Red
cost of 7200 rubles
«Bosch PLL2» model sample

«Bosch PLL2» model sample

  • «DEXELL NLC03» Model:
Parameter Description
Weight 1200 g
country of Origin Chinese People's Republic
brand name «Bosch»
Country of origin of the brand Germany
Width 12.7 cm
Height 16 cm
Length 10.5 cm
Used materials Metal and plastic
continuous operation time 15 hours
Equipment Tripod
The level of precision 2
possible deviations 0.5 mm per meter
radius of influence 20 m
cost of 5000 rubles
«DEXELL NLC03» model sample

«DEXELL NLC03» model sample

conclusion

What a building level is better for you, and you decide. From reading you learn about their strengths and weaknesses, as well acquainted with the specific models that will greatly simplify the choice. Videos in this article provides additional information and any questions on the topic, you can ask in the comments.

Housing more than a measuring instrument is not

Housing more than a measuring instrument is not