Gate-shutters: set up a folding structure in 3 stages
Table of contents
1 Overview rolling garage doors
- 1.1 variety of structures
- 1.2 Advantages and disadvantages
2 mount technology
- 2.1 Step 1. selection gate
- 2.2 Step 2. Assembly and installation of the mechanism
- 2.3 Step 3. Troubleshooting the installation and operation
- 3 conclusion
To save space and more convenient use of the garage, you can install the gate roll type
Shutters for garages today are gradually replacing conventional swing gates. Yes, they are expensive and difficult to install, but to understand the nuances of technology is possible, even without being an expert. I share my experience of selection of such structures, and tell you how to mount them.
Overview rolling garage doors
variety of structures
Garage shutters - it is a compact device. Their peculiarity lies in the very fabric design: it does not make the whole, but a composite of prodelnyh slat-sections. When closing the blade rises and is wound onto the drum located in the box at the top of the gate.
Diagram showing the main components of the garage shutters
Despite this design, roller doors are a good safety margin. Current models are equipped with multi-stage protection, because crack them quite difficult - in any case, not easier than swing gates of steel sheet.
Sectional doors are somewhat different from the roll: as a rule, their fabric is assembled from parts of larger size. When opening it is retracted under the garage ceiling.
The main differences between the various models of such gates are in the material from which the sections:
Constructs with all-metal sections are used mainly in industrial equipment objects
- Solid steel. Optimal variant strength - steel is highly resistant to mechanical stress. In this case, the high weight causes excessive wear of the lifting mechanism. Moreover, steel, even with a protective coating, is potentially subject to corrosion.
Options shutters configuration
In some cases, sections are made of reinforced steel - for the production of armored gate. The design turns out very expensive, heavy, slow and not agile. But the damage it - you need to try very hard!
- Solid aluminum. Easier and more earlier, while somewhat inferior to them in strength. Corrosion resistance of aluminum is higher than that of steel, but still desirable to maintain the protective coating intact.
The hollow section is filled with heat insulating sectional
- Hollow aluminum / steel. Produced by rolling the roller, internally filled with loose or dense polymer material. Durability and burglary protection in these gate is lower than that of the two previous versions, but it is sufficient for effective protection against penetration. On the other hand, reduces the thermal conductivity of the polymer filling the canvas.
Hollow aluminum sections with laminated wood well retain heat
For domestic use is best suited is the third type of gate:
- First, crack them silently still not possible, so that if a garage is located in a residential zone, the security level will be enough
- Second, the "warm" fabric maintains a comfortable indoor climate, which is especially important in the winter.
- Finally, a relatively small mass gate slats allows the use of less powerful (and so - and less energy intensive) lifting drive.
Differences exist in the management of type:
Manual lift sectional doors and roller shutters are used spring-inertial system
- Manual control. The cheapest option, which is only suitable for small light gate or roller shutters that are placed on the window / door. At the top of the mounted spring-inertial mechanism that facilitates the raising of cloth by hand.
When installing design with manual control is necessarily spent balancing mechanism to eliminate the slightest imperfections.
Typically, the design opens with a remote control sends a signal to a receiver
- Remote control. SHUTTER rises electrically, which is included with the wireless remote. Sometimes remote protected by security code, and using it can only owner.
- Automatic control. Suitable for garage in a closed area. The gate is opened by a signal from the photocells, responsive car drove up.
Automatic operation of the signal from the sensor mechanism which is extremely
Advantages and disadvantages
If we compare the standard door to the garage and the garage shutters, then the latter has a number of advantages:
- Save space. Unlike swing design, sectional roll-up gate can be installed almost anywhere - free space in front of the garage required quite a bit.
No problems with the departure is not exactly there
- Improved security. I have already noted this nuance, but I repeat - quality lifting mechanism with reliable sections hack can (in theory), but it is difficult, long and loud.
By the way, many insurance companies for risk assessment pay attention to the gate structure. So that in determining the amount of insurance availability of quality roller blinds can help you get a substantial discount.
Design can fit in almost any architectural ensemble
- Comfort in use. A properly adjusted roll mechanism works with almost no effort on our part, because the opening will be easy to open and close. If you at least once moved the heavy steel flap hinged skewed under its weight - you vote!
- Appearance. In the closed position, the canvas looks very neatly and concisely. Furthermore, the possibility of color steel or aluminum slat powder paint in the selected color can easily enter the garage door at any skyline.
Appearance panel for sectional and rolling designs
Now - about the shortcomings:
In the cold season such gates in the garage can freeze
- Not the best thermal insulation. Design shutters does not allow the clamp leaf to the opening goal, because of, in any case will be blown around. In addition, the joints of the slats - a potential "cold bridges", which in severe frosts will go freezing. For doors with a polymeric filling this problem is also relevant, albeit to a lesser extent than the solid metal.
- The need to protect the lifting mechanism. If the water gets moving parts, which is then frozen, opening complicated at times. At the same time it increases the load on both the drive and the mechanical parts that can lead to breakage.
It is better if the lifting mechanism "sunk" into the wall, as in this photo, or protected by a visor
Usually by this device saves a small canopy over the gate, but you still need to make sure that the fabric does not freeze to the guide.
- High price. The cost of rolling shutters depends on their size, the type of drive used slats and other materials. But the average for the opening 2,5h2 m construction will cost 20-30 thousand rubles, which is considerably more expensive than the installation of swing options.
It is worth a lot of equipment - but at the expense of comfort pays off very quickly
Step 1. selection gate
Taking into account the fact that the gate to the garage are a lot of very important to a responsible approach to the process of their selection. The market offers a variety of models, and your task - to find the optimal, while remaining within budget.
What do I need to pay attention in the first place?
- The type and quality of the panels. About species and their characteristics I wrote above - you can decide what is a priority for you: heat insulation and strength. Quality also can be assessed only after examining the panels themselves - they should not be dents, deformation traces of burrs, etc...
The quality of boards affects the thickness of the metal and the type of filling and the material used for the coating
- Sealing the perimeter. Ideal sealed design make us fail, but still seal is necessarily necessary. Preference is given to an elastic polymer seals at least two "petals" - they are much better able to resist wrinkling and blowing.
Qualitative seal provides improved sealing
- corrosion resistance. It is very important that the door section, and guides, and safety box were covered with anti-erosion structure. The best option would be a polyurethane or polyurethane-coated polyamide.
All the hidden details of the drive, hinges and brackets must be made of stainless steel. This is to protect them from rust even after prolonged use in climates with variable humidity and regular changes in temperature.
- Resistance to cracking. In addition to the base burglar shutters may be mounted latch lock or Interlocks. This option is suitable for garages, located at a distance from the house.
In some cases, an additional lock on the Rolling shutters will definitely not more than
Step 2. Assembly and installation of the mechanism
Gate roll type is usually set by representatives of the company that carries out their sale. But if you want to save, you can mount design with their own hands.
Opening gate, window or door on which we will install roller shutters were measured. Gaugeable width opening in at least three locations (top, middle, bottom).
Same do with height (both sides and middle).
Preparation guide for installation.
Guides unwrap and crop height if necessary.
After that, we drill holes in them for the fasteners. In this case, the front surface makes wider apertures - so that the bonnet can be "drowned" in the profile.
A compound of the guide duct.
If mounted, lightweight design, the box can be connected to the guide beforehand. To do this, simply put on the support to the mounting lugs on the bottom of the box
When installing heavy gate is advisable to first fix the rails on the wall and then put them on top of the box.
The guides are putting to the edges of the opening so that the grooves for the paintings "looked" inside.
Parts aligned vertically with the level.
Drilling holes for fasteners.
Through drilled holes in the guide slots for fasteners are drilling using drill with a drill concrete.
Apertures hammered brass or plastic expandable dowels (optimum - 60h8 mm).
We fix the guide by screwing the locking screws screwdriver.
The holes in the front panel closed with special caps.
Similarly, fix the box, prisverlivaya its back wall to the top of the opening.
Withdrawal wiring and check the drive.
Through a hole in the wall of the crashbox derive power from the drive shaft wire.
Check the performance of the mechanism connecting the wire to be powered from the cable network.
Sectional web ups, the edge is passed over the shaft and then we start side portions into the guides.
Expand roll with sections gradually lowering its lower edge to the floor on rails.
Installing the mounting brackets.
The vacant upper edge blade put on the mounting brackets.
Move them on the installation slot, evenly distributed across the width.
Fixing the fabric on the drive cylinder.
Using brackets, anchoring web on the drive mechanism. For this snap fastening in special grooves.
Fitting the cover shielding box.
Set the cover on the protection box, fixing it with the screws.
After that we have to perform a few steps:
- Mount the power supply inside the garage and connected to it is carried by the lifting mechanism.
- Set the receiver for the remote control or the automatic opening.
- Power the whole system from the electrical panel.
Remote configuration - final stage
Then we check the efficiency of the mechanism and start to use it normally.
Step 3. Troubleshooting the installation and operation
And section, and rolling structure can fail - it is often possible to eliminate damage to yourself
The drive assembly - the most vulnerable part, so pay attention to it in the first place
And in the process of installing shutters, and in the course of their operation may have different problem. their diagnosis and prompt corrective instructions given below:
|"Symptom"||Probable cause and possible solutions|
|The gate is opened only partially||The problem may be caused by drive malfunction or failure of the spring in the lifting mechanism.
If you try to raise the blade by hand, it is stopped - then you need to change the spring. Otherwise, should consult a specialist to repair the hoist.
|Drive is running but not moving canvas||There are two reasons:
|Extraneous noise at work||If the sound of squealing or screeching - means increased friction in the guide. To solve the problem enough to clear the slots from dust and dirt.
If you hear a rumbling, the case in the springs or torsion bars. It is desirable to lubricate the silicone-based composition or WD-40 (for springs).
When a distinct sections of friction guides is necessary to eliminate skew aligning mechanism.
|When you touch the floor, automatic gates rise again||This problem can be caused by a number of breakdowns, but they all relate to a photovoltaic setup or configuration of the upper and lower limits of the opening. In any case it is necessary to address to experts, because the attempt to set up an independent automation often does not bring the desired result.|
Shaft Failure - a serious failure that requires professional intervention
By following these recommendations, you can not only install shutters on the doors, but also to properly configure them, as well as independently to eliminate common problems. This will help you the instructions and video in this article, and besides - you can always get advice, ask a question in the comments.