Plant green manure in the greenhouse help to improve soil structure, when it is not necessary to use synthetic fertilizers, which can affect the quality of the crop is grown. Experienced truck farmers have long known about such plants and are widely used in greenhouses. Additional crops prevent the growth of weeds and make soil density optimal for the development of healthy vegetables and greens.
- When to sow green manure in the greenhouse
- Features green manure planting in the greenhouse in the fall
- Types of plants: some green manure is better to plant in autumn in a greenhouse
- How to plant green manure in the spring in the greenhouse
- Sowing green manure crops in the greenhouse( video)
siderates When the sow in a greenhouse
-siderates plants useful in that they contain substances necessary for the soil, such as phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen and other elements. Even after the destruction of the plant and its decomposition, all these compounds remain in the ground, continuing to affect the growth and development of planted crops. This approach gives an opportunity to grow ecologically clean products, suitable for food.
The main advantages of using green manure:
- Soil finds the optimal density, better absorbs water, it comes increased oxygen saturation;
- Fertile humus is formed more quickly;
- Plants hamper the development of soil and seedlings;
- Adjusts the balance of acid and alkali in the soil;
- Useful substances penetrate deeper layers of the earth better.
Planted plants for 2 seasons will help to completely restore the exhausted and diseased soil.
Several families belong to the siderates:
- Cereals such as oats, rye, barley;
- Legumes - lupine, clover, as well as all known peas and beans;
- Plants of the cruciferous family, among which are: rape, mustard, rape and Maslenitsa radish.
All of them influence the ground in different ways. Grain, in general, it is better to sow in autumn, and in the spring to dig. Thus, the soil is well fertilized.
Ciders can be planted in a greenhouse, in autumn, in spring and summer, but there are some nuances of planting. In addition, each plant has its own properties of impact.
Features of the planting of siderates in the greenhouse in the autumn
Any planting of plants must not be allowed to mature. Otherwise, they can become ordinary weeds in the garden and interfere with the growth of cultivated varieties.
So, basically, they are mowed at a height of 30 cm above the ground.
autumn sowing has advantages:
- increasing residence time of green manure in the soil, which helps to improve the disintegration of the earth and receiving its other mineral compounds;
- Greens can at first protect the fragile seedlings from the first sun rays in the spring;
- Ciderates protect the seedlings from unexpected frosts, which so often occur in the early spring months.
In order to prepare the soil for sowing in autumn, the plant seeds are densely poured over the entire surface of well-loosened beds, after which a small layer of soil is placed on top, which is evenly distributed by rakes. In the end, you need to add compost and moisten the soil abundantly. Seeds will be in the soil throughout the winter period and will begin their growth in early spring. In most cases, these are cereal crops.
Kinds of plants: what siderats should be planted in autumn in the greenhouse
It should be remembered that by sowing certain plants, the gardener must consider what crop the siderate is suitable for. In addition, the composition of the soil also has significance. For example, the same pea does not tolerate heavy clay soils, but you can plant beans on them.
- Spring - white mustard, oats, phacelia, Maslenitsa radish;
- Winter - vetch, rapeseed and rye.
Winter crops are sown before the first frosts, late autumn, late October - early November.
The calculation of the sowing must be accurate. Plants should not sprout. Since, in any case, not all seeds will spring in the spring, their number should be 2 times greater than required. This applies to such popular kinds of siderates as mustard and phacelia.
In spring they protect the seedlings from spring frosts, and a little later their upper part is removed, leaving the roots. The green parts of the plant, however, should not be embedded in the soil - they will play the role of mulch( protective layer for the earth).The main thing to remember is that you can not use siderat plants if they belong to the same family as the cultivated crop.
How to plant ciderats in spring in a greenhouse
In a greenhouse, siderates can be planted throughout the spring.
For this, a slightly different method of planting is used than in the autumn:
- The post should be loosened by a hoe, approximately to a depth of up to 7 cm;
- On the bed, longitudinal grooves are made in its entire length;
- Each sulcus is seeded with siderates, then sprinkled with soil and watered;
- It is necessary for plants to rise above the soil to 25-30 cm - at this time they can be cut and dug.
Thus, the tender young leaves and stems quickly rot and impregnate the soil with useful minerals and trace elements.
The optimal time for planting is April or May. In greenhouses with a polycarbonate coating, if the owners decided to grow cucumbers, in spring it makes sense to sow the beds with mustard. The plant grows very quickly, does not allow weeds to appear on the soil, feeds the soil and prevents its infection by pathogenic organisms. This same syderat is also used for growing tomatoes.
If you consider which plants are specifically suitable for sowing in spring, then the most common ones are: oats, phacelia, rye and spring rape. On such a basis, after 14 days, you can plant such crops as cucumbers, peppers, eggplants and much more.
Sowing seeds in the greenhouse( video)
Ciderates are able to restore the normal soil structure in a relatively short time, to rid the greenhouse of parasitic and pathogenic microorganisms and make the harvest really good. For the sake of useful vegetables for your table, you can tolerate 2-3 seasons and do not use frank chemistry in the form of fertilizer for your greenhouse.