Experienced needlewomen call embroidery the art of decorating fabrics, which gives individuality and emphasizes the beauty of any product. The technique of the Bulgarian cross is also called the cross of Leviophanes, a snowflake, an asterisk or a double cross. The Bulgarian cross is made from two diagonal stitches in one cage.
- What you should know: embroidery Bulgarian cross
- Bulgarian cross: embroidery,
- circuit pattern Bulgarian cross
- Features embroidery Bulgarian cross
- How to embroider Bulgarian cross( video)
What you need to know: embroidery with the Bulgarian cross
The embroidered Bulgarian cross is characterized by the convexity of the pattern, greater contrast and sharp outlines, which adds texture and shape to the pattern.
In order to get this type of embroidery, you need to make a simple cross to begin with, and then on its top, put 1 vertical and 1 horizontal stitch. Modern needlewomen have mastered the rather interesting view of such a cross - the vertical Bulgarian cross, where only a vertical stitch-stick is superimposed on a simple cross. Such a technique is good to make soft and smooth transfers from color to color.
The technique of the Bulgarian cross involves the use of a large canvas - at least 30 crosses per 10 cm.
For such embroidery, Middle ear of oblong form, and for greater convenience pull the canvas on the hoop.
Bulgarian cross: embroidery, schemes
To embroider a Bulgarian cross it is necessary to select schemes that represent a panel with a completely filled picture. The structure of the cross does not tolerate empty spaces in the drawing, and besides, beautiful patterns are obtained that somewhat resemble a carpet or a completely filled fabric. The modern industry of materials for needlework offers many variants of schemes for such embroidery of different subjects.
The most popular themes on the schemes of this embroidery are carpets, tapestries, pillows and blankets.
Images for embroidery with such technique can be different, for example, the most popular subjects are flowers, icons, landscapes and geometric ornaments. Especially spectacular on this embroidery look bright saturated shades, its charm has compositions with long black lines that go from edge to edge of the picture.
The pattern of the Bulgarian cross
It is interesting that this pattern can not only be embroidered, but even knit. Very often this pattern is used when mating gum 2 to 2 or as a start for another ornament, where the base is three edge lines from the Bulgarian cross.
This openwork design is determined by several stitching points:
- Such a pattern is formed using overturned loops and nakids;
- The number of loops is multiplied on the spokes and 2 loops are added to the edge( edge loops);
- In the 1st row, 3 loops are sewn with facial equipment, 1 loop of them is tossed to the left through the remaining 2, then the cap is left, again there are as many facial loops, 1 of which are tossed to the left;
- The next row( 2) and the rest of the inverted rows are knitted with appropriate loops( purl);
- In the 3rd row, knit 1 face loop, cape, then 3 eye loops, one of which is tossed to the left through the 2 remaining ones, made again by a cape and 1 facial;
- 5 series is bound as the first and so on.
This type of knitting is called cross-shaped and therefore the pattern on the canvas reminds the grid to be flat and dense.
Embroidery features of the Bulgarian cross
The technique of performing a Bulgarian cross for embroidery includes 5 stitches.
- The initial stitch is executed from the bottom diagonally from the left up and to the right;
- The next horizontal stitch goes from right to left;
- Next, diagonal from top to bottom to the right;
- The last stitch is executed vertically from the bottom to the top;
- On top of the formed cross you need to make a cross standing from a pair of straight stitches - this is the Bulgarian cross.
The first 4 steps are the technique of embroidering a simple cross, but the last 5 characterizes exactly the cross in question. In the first 4 stitches, the needle is punctured from the front side in the upper right corner of one cell. To start the next cross you need to start the stitch diagonally from top left to bottom to the right, and the final one vertically runs from top to bottom.
And here when the foreman has executed a double cross it is important to remember that the needle is punctured in the corner of the cage and only then you can start the next double cross.
How to embroider a Bulgarian cross( video)
In order to get a positive result of embroidery by a Bulgarian cross, it is better to choose cotton threads for a mule. The Bulgarian cross is not a complex element, so it's easy to master it, the main thing is to remember the sequence of actions when embroidering. The Bulgarian cross gives the embroidery depth and volume, so it is worthwhile to master this technique to give your products an additional charm.