It's worth noting that it is possible to grow pepper throughout the year, but certain conditions are necessary. To ensure that the harvest was as high as possible and high, it is necessary to create optimal conditions, as well as follow recommendations from specialists.
- What should be the greenhouse pepper
- possible to make the greenhouse pepper with your hands
- Under what conditions pepper growing greenhouse
- Optimum ground pepper in the greenhouse
- Compatibility pepper cultivation greenhouse with otherCultures
- Pepper in the greenhouse( video)
- Examples of pepper in the greenhouse( photo)
What should be a greenhouse for pepper
It's quite possible to make a hotbed for peppers, but it's necessaryO consider a number of points that are particularly important for this culture. If the surrounding climate allows, it is desirable to carry out a constant airing. Even the most productive tomatoes require a qualitatively made greenhouse, according to certain rules.
In the greenhouse should:
- Be good lighting;
- Regularly spraying, and abundant;
- To avoid waterlogging;
- Keep warm.
It is necessary to place the foundation at a specific height so that the necessary amount of heat and light is provided. On average, the height of the foundation is 45 cm( distance from the ground).It is equally important to make the optimum height of the arcs to which the film will be installed.
The height of 50 cm is quite enough, and it is desirable to choose a semicircular structure.
You need to choose a greenhouse that is easier to make, and it will best maintain heat and light. As a coating, it is desirable to use a film or polycarbonate, since they can provide an even distribution of light to the culture.
possible to make the greenhouse pepper with your hands
There is not the correct view that greenhouse - a bed, covered with a film, it is not quite an accurate description. It should be noted that the structure can be covered completely with any material, and the base should be such that it could land inside the warm and maintain the temperature of the culture is important for growth.
Soil inside the greenhouse can be heated by organic fertilizer, heating system, furnace equipment.
Water heating, as a rule, is laid in those greenhouses that are supposed to be used throughout the year. In this case, not only pipes, but also radiators, as well as a boiler for heating, are installed. It is possible to make a greenhouse for pepper with your own hands.
for him when installing special moments must be met:
- is necessary to choose the right place at the site.
- A list of materials and tools is required.
- There must be a design base.
- It is compulsory to choose a quality coating, which is suitable for acrylic film, polycarbonate or glass.
When choosing a place for a greenhouse, it is necessary to look at the terrain in which a flat surface without ditches and holes, excellent lighting throughout the day, there are no trees and outbuildings.
Under what conditions does the pepper grow in the greenhouse
? The main task of any hotbed is to maintain optimal conditions. For beginner gardeners, experts recommend using a special tool, such as agricultural equipment, to carry out hilling and weeding in the greenhouse, since manually this can be too difficult.
In addition, it requires:
- Maintain a temperature of 26 ° C;
- Humidity of air within 75%, as with fluctuations, especially sharp, there will be not the best yield parameters;
- Properly made lighting, and if there is no way to provide natural light, then you need to take care of the artificial;
- Formation of fertile soil, which should be light, neutral and preferably enriched with organic matter.
Absolutely any peppers, regardless of what kind they are, type and even fertility, require oxygen. In other words, it is necessary to constantly loosen the soil so that oxygen enters it and enriches the root system. If the soil is too dense, especially if it is loamy, then it is not worth waiting for a too large and high-quality harvest.
Optimal ground for pepper in the greenhouse
To take an excellent crop of peppers, watering, care, regular loosening is required. With insufficient watering, the foliage begins to become covered with patches of yellow-red color. There are some varieties of peppers that require not only constant watering and maintaining moisture, but also feeding up to several times per week. It is advisable to use a complex fertilizer for this.
In the first phase of growth, nitrogen fertilizing is applied, and once the bushes begin to bear fruit, phosphate fertilizer is used.
Pepper grows well in case if not only properly prepared soil, but competently made beds. It is preferable to make beds in a width of 80 cm, a small path between them in 30-40 cm, so that it is convenient to process and harvest.
An excellent solution for the garden is a wooden fence, which requires:
- Felling the land immediately before planting;
- Abundant watering of the soil before planting;
- Application of dolomite flour, compost or mineral fertilizers if the soil is too acidic;
- Forming beds at a depth of 30 cm by laying manure, hay, branches and dry grass, which is done in the autumn.
Depending on the variety, the paprika can be planted densely or at a certain distance from each other. Small shrubs are planted along the edges of the bed, and high in the middle, so that there is uniform pollination, and the garter is conveniently carried out.
Compatibility of growing pepper greenhouse with other crops
Although conventional, even hybrid varieties of peppers can be grown under the roof of one room. The seating is done in a checkerboard pattern, taking into account the size of the bush. It is worth noting that when planting peppers a greenhouse, and not a separate greenhouse, it is worth considering the characteristics of the neighborhood, as it can not grow with all cultures.
Pepper is a self-pollinating plant, but the presence of some insects nearby can cause cross pollination, which will make the fruit:
The best optimal neighborhood is the cultivation of cucumbers and peppers. Since both crops require moisture, they will feel comfortable next to each other, but the cucumbers must be planted in the middle of the greenhouse, as high tied lashes can darken the greenhouse.
No less good with peppers dill, the spicy and bright smell of this culture will be able to drive pests away from peppers.
Despite the fact that in most cases tomatoes and peppers tend to be planted in one greenhouse, this is not considered the best option. Tomatoes absorb the top dressing and moisture much faster, both from the soil and from the air, respectively, the peppers will have a deficit. Just an ideal alliance can be called the neighborhood of aubergine and pepper. Cultures do not interfere with each other either during pollination or ripening. To choose the right compatibility, it is advisable to pay attention to the experts' feedback, as well as on how the plants are maturing, so as not to plant a culture that ripens earlier than the one that is late-maturing.
If it is planned to grow in winter, then it is worth choosing the Siberian selection culture, because Siberia is known for harsh conditions, and pepper of this kind will grow well at any time of the year, but again, if certain conditions are met. To prevent pepper from the influence of aphids, spider mite and the like pests, it is advisable to plant tansy near the pepper. If pepper seedlings are planted as often as possible, this will help increase yields. For example, when planting 10 bushes per 1 m2, you can get a crop 2 times more. Very good pepper feels when grown next to trees such as pear and apple, but the trees should be seed, and not stone. For example, the location next to the plum and cherry will have a very negative effect on ripening and can cause a number of diseases. The most favorable neighborhood is the planting of garlic next to a variety of vegetables, as it removes pests with its bright smell and prevents infection on pepper.
Pepper in the greenhouse( video)
Do not forget about a number of simple recommendations for planting peppers, and special attention requires the size of the bushes when planting. Choosing varieties, you need to look not only at the pictures, but also on the rules of growing from the producer, to achieve an excellent harvest. Examples