To date, construction of private homes is not limited to one floor, so it is necessary to perform the stairs to the second floor to be able to get easy access. It is possible to build a ladder of various materials yourself, the most important thing is to carefully carry out all the required calculations, since otherwise this design can become dangerous and unreliable.
- How to make a ladder in a private country house on their own
- manual manufacturing simple wooden stairs
- How to make the ladder quickly and easily from the concrete
- Quick and easy: the construction of the stairs in a private country house of metal
- tips, how to make yourself a ladder in a private country house: the construction of a screw-type
- What kinds of designs can be
- ladder with their hands on the second floor( video)
- Details: Staircase to the second floor with their hands( photo example)
How to make a ladder in a private country house on their own
Construction internal staircase in a private country house - the process is quite complicated, but it is doable.
When erecting a ladder is necessary:
- Consider the interior of the house;
- Make all the required calculations;
- Choose a design that will be suitable for all parameters.
To find the most viable option, it is worth pre schematically draw the staircase, which must be in the house or find a ready-made option, which most likely will suit all needs and have adapted to their needs. Before choosing a model of a staircase for a private house, it is important to correctly calculate all available design parameters. Many are wondering which is better to make a staircase.
most often in a building staircase made of materials such as:
By its configuration, the ladder can be straight, screwed or rotatable. In addition, there are also combined variants. The most durable and durable are concrete products, however, it takes quite a long time to prepare a solid foundation and fabricate the structure. Metal construction can be made quite simply, you only need to know the rules of welding, and a wooden staircase can be very easily done by yourself, the most important thing is to get acquainted with the step-by-step instruction of its manufacture.
The easiest way is to make a straight ladder, because it has a small amount of parts and takes up absolutely no space. Screw structures are characterized by the fact that they need a small area, they look very exquisite, but not always convenient to use.
A ladder made up of several spans is considered a rather complex structure, which is difficult to build. Such a construction is excellent for a house where there is a significant distance between floors.
Instruction for the manufacture of a simple wooden ladder
The simplest is the construction of a simple single-ladder ladder.
It consists of:
To calculate the height, you need to take the distance between the floors and add the thickness of the floors. In order to quickly calculate the length of the span and the base, it is necessary to determine the parameters of the steps from the start. If small children live in the house, the optimum step height will be 15 centimeters, and in all other cases it should be equal to 20 centimeters. Do not make risings higher because the lift will be less comfortable.
Optimal Step should be 20-30 cm, because if they are wider, the entire structure will take up much more space that may not be entirely comfortable.
There is a step by step guide ladders manufacturing, which necessarily need to adhere to, as this will run pretty high-quality and robust design. For the manufacture of stairs, you need to choose strong and strong wood, as all elements of the ladder must withstand not only the total weight of the structure, but also people. From a strong cardboard it is necessary to cut out a template which will correspond to all parameters of the future ladder, and then on this template to make wooden elements for a ladder. Then you need to collect all the elements of the ladder and treat them with antiseptic solutions, cover with paint or varnish.
How to make the ladder quickly and easily from the concrete
If the house has a concrete ceiling of the second floor, you can arrange a simple concrete staircase, which will be durable, and with proper treatment will look very beautiful. You can make a completely concrete staircase in the house, or pour concrete only in a casus, and everything else is made of other materials.
For the production of such a ladder is required:
- waterproof plywood;
- Rigid bar;
- Self-tapping screws;
- Concrete solution.
Construction concrete staircase requires special attention, so all you need to carefully calculate, as the base must be very durable. You need to start from the assembly of the formwork, which must be done according to all available drawings and taking into account the fact that there should be absolutely no crevices.
The finished formwork must be located between the floors and secured with the help of wooden beams. Then inside the frame it is necessary to lay the reinforcement and pour the prepared base with concrete mortar.
Fill the framework with mortar immediately, otherwise the solidity of the finished structure can be broken. When the concrete is well enough to solidify, the formwork can be removed, and the steps should be periodically watered to avoid cracking the concrete. The structure must be thoroughly dried and then you can start to finish the stairs. You can make a ready design with a wide variety of materials, in particular you can use wood, stone, tile and many other materials.
Quick and easy: the construction of the stairs in a private country house of
metal Quite interesting and original look homemade ladders made of metal, however, it is necessary to make them a little effort and take into account all the peculiarities of working with this material. To put a ladder of metal, you must first prepare some materials and tools.
- steel channels;
- Metal corners;
- Welding machine;
- Sheet metal;
Build a ladder must begin with the fact that the channel is cut into pieces and are going to frame. To the sides of the frame, weld the corners at regular intervals, which will be equal to the height of the steps. All corners must be located strictly parallel to each other. The upper ends of the frame are firmly fixed and secured to the ceiling of the upper floor, and the lower ones are fixed on the floor. Then the steps of sheet iron are welded, as well as the railing. At the final stage, the finished structure is processed by special corrosion mixtures. In order not to alter the structure, it is necessary to carry out all the stages in sequence and strictly follow all the rules of its construction.
tips, how to make yourself a ladder in a private country house: the construction of a screw-type
Quite interesting and original looks spiral staircase, which takes quite a bit of free space. This compact design, which can be placed even in a small area. A spiral staircase can go from the first floor or from the garage, which is very convenient. The most well-known and common way of mounting the spiral staircase is step-by-step threading of steps onto the central base. The steps can be triangular or trapezoidal.
To build a spiral staircase it is necessary to take:
- Steel pipe;
- Wooden slats;
- Welding machine;
- Corners for steps;
The pipe will act as a central pillar, so its length must fully correspond to the existing distance between the floors. For greater stability, it is necessary to concrete the pipe near the base. For the manufacture of steps it is necessary to use templates made of wooden slats. They must be glued in such a way that they form steps with specified parameters. Each step must be fastened to its own pre-prepared cylinder, carefully sanded, primed and painted.
If necessary and for greater convenience, the spiral staircase can be converted to a direct structure. Before installing a permanent ladder, a temporary construction is installed.
What types of
can be? If you have firmly decided, we make a ladder in a private country house, it is necessary to initially determine what design should be.
In particular it is possible to distinguish these types of designs like:
- On kosour;
- On the mountains;
The most popular Saddle stairs, as they are suitable for different areas and stylistic decision rooms. Such a device is very durable and guarantees safety during its operation. Many prefer to do the stairs and rails, a feature which is considered to be the fact that all construction elements are fastened together by means of special bolts and pins. If necessary, you can very easily perform its repair and completely disassemble.
Ladder with their hands on the second floor( video)
Craft stairs in your own private holiday home is quite possibly the most important thing to strictly follow all the rules and requirements.