The correct angle of inclination of the staircase steps a positive effect on the convenience of its use. There is no universal value, because each person has a different width of a step. In this regard, at the design stage, it is necessary to take into account the interests of those who will most often use the design. If it is a question of a public zone, then in this case the degree of slope is chosen as the average.
- Select the stage and the angle of the ladder inclination to the second floor
- calculate the ladder angle in a private home
- fix a meter stair lift within GOST
- Set the ladder at an angle
- optimal angle ladder inclination:Average static parameter
- Practical characteristics of the slope of the ladder
- Slope characteristics of the ladder steps( video)
Select the steps and the angle of inclination of the ladder to
As mentioned above, it is necessary to proceed from the needs of those who will most often rise or fall here. Depending on this, the optimal slope of the stair steps to the second floor is selected. You can build a compact version, suitable even for the elderly, or give preference to the march option. Fans of the classics will choose a screw format, and supporters of an active way of life - a razbezhnuyu.
In order to correctly determine what the angle should be, analyze the following parameters:
- HeightBetween the first and second floor;
- The maximum and minimum width of the step of the household;
- If it is a question of common areas, then a comfortable angle of ascent can be calculated in an average format.
From a practical standpoint, it is recommended for beginners to build on a single indicator - the stride length during a relaxed walk. In order to determine the optimal index for a private house or office space, the rate is made on the step size of an adult person. After this, the march component is analyzed. Here it is necessary to take into account the height and the total number of steps. The availability of the finished project is greatly simplified by calculating the angles. In this case, you only need to take a calculator.
calculate the angle of the ladder in a private home
achieve the perfect angle of ascent will observe the following rules. It is strongly recommended that the height of each stage varied within the range of from 150 to 180 cm will help to make more gradual rise -. 280 to 300 mm - width correctly selected steps.
The more citizens adhere to these indicators, the easier it is to move down and up. In the future, the values of interest are calculated on the basis of a mathematical formula.
We are talking about the equation: 2x + y = 580: 660 mm. In this formula, x reflects the maximum height of the existing steps, and y - their maximum width. It is important to remember that this formula is valid only for text designs, where the step size does not exceed 140-145 mm. If it is a non-standard design, then in this case another formula is used: x + y, where both parameters have a value, as in the formula indicated above.
After the necessary mathematical research, builders following table listing the allowable angle of ascent was made up:
- At step 200 the width and height of 200 - easyThe angle is 45 degrees;
- 260х170 - 33 degrees;
- 340х130 - 21 degrees;
- 400х100 - 14 degrees.
Builders emphasize that these values are relative. Now even there are online calculators for such calculations.
We fix the ladder lifting meter in accordance with GOST
According to the norms of the current legislation, the erection of wooden or metal and wooden stairs is governed by the state standard. These are mandatory, so before starting work you need to read the document.
It is not superfluous to scroll through the SNIP.If there is no experience in construction and installation work in accordance with GOST, then it is better to seek third-party assistance.
Otherwise, even minor errors will lead to the impossibility of fixing the ladder on the plan.
It is recommended for professionals and beginners to remember the following standard provisions:
- Only 1 span of steps is allowed, If the structure has only 2 floors;
- The minimum width is 80 cm( for one) and 1 m( for free passage of two people);
- There are 3 to 18 steps in each section of the structure.
It is recommended to perform the calculation in such a way that the number of steps is odd. The minimum indicator, which is defined in the regulatory framework, is 26 degrees, and the maximum is 45.
We install the ladder at an angle
. The peculiarity of external constructions of this kind is a double fixation. On the one hand, at two points the staircase is fixed to the floor and in three - to the wall. In order to avoid problems during the operation phase, the design must meet a number of requirements. First, the angle of inclination varies between 65-75 degrees. In this case, the leaning structure will be equally convenient for everyone. Secondly, regardless of how steep the descent turned out, this modification of the ladder is not suitable for moving weights.
If it is decided to erect the attachable format, it is necessary to remember a number of other nuances:
- The design requires annual preventive maintenance;
- Its installation is not recommended in premises with frequent changes in humidity and temperature;
The presence of 4-paw pets is an additional risk factor.
Optimum stair tilt angle: average static parameter
In those cases where each square meter is literally worth its weight in gold or it is necessary to build a ladder in a common place, then the manufacturing begins with fixing the main parameters. It is advisable that the desired angle varies from 40 to 44 degrees. If the specified parameter for some reason can not be reached, then the channel will come to the rescue.
The metal profiles allow the angle to be fixed to the required level:
- 45 degrees with a width of 200;
- 29.51 degrees with a width of 280;
- 26.41 degrees with a width of 300;
- 21 degree with a width of 340;
- 18.3 degrees - width 360;
- 16.21 degrees with a width of 380.
Practical characteristics of the incline of the ladder
Measurements need to be carried out a lot, but all efforts will be paid off with interest. The practical result of setting a correctly adjusted ladder will be ease of use. In the world there are many examples where prolonged stress on the lower limbs provoked a variety of pathologies.
In case of incorrect mathematical research, not only the person suffers, but also the ladder itself.
Not observing the recommended tilt parameter will gradually destroy the fasteners. A person forced to make great efforts to rise, is forced to take more strong steps. As a result, the material is exposed to greater physical impact.
The following recommendations will help avoid this development:
- If due to the architectural features of the floor, wall or staircase, Measurement, then temporary rubber clips are used.
- At each stage of the construction of the lifting structure, squares are used to control the angle of inclination as precisely as possible.
The most correct option is to make a slightly smaller angle than necessary.
Slope characteristics of the ladder steps( video)
The comfort of using a staircase at home or in the office depends directly on the angle of inclination and the number of steps. The mathematical formula is used to determine the optimal value. The more accurately the indicator is calculated, the better. For the substitution, the formula takes the maximum height and width of the steps, as well as the distance from the first step to the second floor.