Fountain in the country with their own hands

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The sound of bubbling water at all times had a place for relaxation and relaxation. A person who aspires to design his plot in a unique atmosphere of coziness will never miss the opportunity to create a fountain in the dacha with his own hands. The presence of this object speaks of the well-being and refined taste of the owners. True connoisseurs of beauty will certainly create on their possessions at least a small fountain.

What kinds of fountains exist

Today, several types of fountains are being built. They differ in the strength of the pressure of the jet, its height, as well as in the external design of the fountain. Any fountain is made from sprinkler, pump, flow regulator and head. To change the appearance of the jet used different injectors. They allow you to change the direction of movement of water, and also make it discrete if necessary. Depending on the device sprinklers fountains are:

  • The simplest version of the fountain is a single one. Sprays fly vertically upwards in small streams.
  • The different version involves splashing water into several jets at different heights. In this case, longlines are formed, which can be two or more.
  • The turntable has the form of rotating jets, depicting its trajectory of motion a spiral.
  • A fountain in the form of a waterfall means a drop in the flow of water from a certain height vertically or through obstacles.
  • "Fish tail" - a fountain, which is formed by overlapping several downward streams of water, creating a water wall with a characteristic pattern.
  • "Geyser" - a bubbling stream from under the water, slightly rising above the surface of the water surface.
  • Looks great fountain, reminiscent of a tulip. In it water flows down into the funnel. At the same time, a dome is formed from the water due to the Coriolis forces. It is called "Tulip".
  • Fountain "Ring" is formed by the discharge of water from a multitude of nozzles, which are located on a circle.
  • The "Bell" fountain is formed when water is ejected from a leaf-shaped nozzle.
  • "Tiffany" - multi-tiered fountain, the nozzles of which are located at different heights.
One of the variants of the fountain with a decor of stones.

One of the variants of a fountain with a decor of stones.

Such a wide variety of fountains allows you to easily choose the most attractive look. If you arrange a multicolored backlight under the streams of water, you can achieve the absolutely stunning effect of a colored fountain.

Water supply and lighting device for fountains

Water flow is an important part of the entire budget for the construction of a fountain. It is necessary to take into account that this object does not strongly affect the humidity of the surrounding area, since not all green plantations favorably tolerate high humidity. It is generally accepted that the water consumption of a single fountain should not exceed 60 l / s on average.

It is worthwhile to determine the definition immediately and with the type of water supply to the hydraulic engineering structure. There are several, but the most popular is the usual recirculation of water in the fountain. This method should assume a periodic replenishment of water supplies, since it is capable of evaporating and being carried away by the wind. In addition, in order to reduce the flow, it is necessary to calculate the diameter of the bowl in advance in order to minimize losses from the wind.

Before going to the store for details for the fountain, you need to know about your future offspring all:

  • The size of its capacity.
  • View and power of the pump.
  • Switch on frequency.
  • Type of injector.
  • The width of the threshold for the construction of a fountain in the form of a waterfall.

At the completion of construction, the waterfall should be highlighted. It will give completeness to the object and decorate the entire design. Backlight can be done around the perimeter, and can be any other way. There are two ways to create lighting fountains: a directional and scattered beam of light. In the first case, a separate, most attractive element of the fountain is exposed in favorable light, and in the second one they try to emphasize the entire composition as a whole.

For lighting use different types of luminaires, which are mounted on mobile tripods or mounted directly on the ground. The direction of the rays can change the appearance of the fountain. Floating in the water, the plafonds look even more impressive. Sometimes they are fastened with a load directly under the water, which provides a futuristic picture in the twilight. Such fixtures are sometimes equipped with multicolored filters that are capable of changing automatically. This allows you to change the color of the entire composition over time.

How to build a fountain on your own plot of land from

tools. Many people dream of building a fountain at their dacha, but they believe that this venture will cost a lot of money. Meanwhile, this is not always true. After all, for the construction and decoration of the fountain any rubbish that is lying around on your site is suitable. I'll have to buy only the pumping equipment and lighting.

Fountain can be made of any size and shape, and decorating it is allowed by anything. To do this, they are quite fit: vases, old buckets, clay products, wood billets, yes, anything. Spectacular fountains, laid out of stones, look spectacular.

Different fountain decoration options.

Different fountain decor options.

Decorating and building a fountain can be made from any improvised means, but the pumping equipment needs to be selected very carefully. The pump's power must correspond to the size of the future hydraulic structure and the height of the water rise. Information on the technical characteristics of the equipment is available in the pump kit or from the seller.

We choose a place on the site for the construction of the fountain

Since the fountain is primarily an element of the dacha's decor, it should be together, which can be seen from any point. Usually it is arranged next to the recreation area. It also should not interfere with the free passage to various objects on the site and economic buildings or to cover other beautiful decorative elements. Since the fountain uses a large amount of water and significantly moistens the air around itself, there should not be trees and other greens near it, which does not tolerate waterlogging.

The dimensions of the fountain depend on the area of ​​the site. Even a small fountain can decorate the landscape. If the pond is made in geometrically correct form, then the fountain should be installed in its center. In this case, the most suitable jet type, as the rising jets will give additional strength to the classical design.

Constructing a fountain made of several barrels or jugs

A very original and simple fountain can be made if you have two kegs made in the same style but different in size. In addition, they will need: a garden hose, silicone sealant and a pump with a jet lift up to 1.5 m.

A large barrel is placed on any base. The main thing is that it must be tough enough so that the building will not tilt over time. In this keg, the pump is installed and the hose is taken out. From the lid of the barrel, two third areas are cut off and put in place, fixing there firmly. The hose from the pump is led out through the hole under the lid to the rear of the keg. On the cover segment, a second barrel is installed and securely secured there. From the side of the large barrel in the small hole from above are cut through and arrange a drainage device in it. The hose from the pump is connected to a decorative tap, from which water will run into a small barrel.

Fountain made of wooden barrels.

Fountain made of wooden barrels.

The fountain will function as follows. From the filled bottom barrel, water is pumped through a decorative tap into the upper barrel by means of a pump. When it is fully filled, the water will begin to pour back into the large barrel, ensuring a constant recirculation and creating the necessary murmur. To seal all joints it is necessary to use a silicone sealant. There are many other variants of fountains using this principle.

Variants of fountains using the principle of transfusion of water from a vessel into a vessel.

Variants of fountains using the principle of water transfusion from a vessel into a vessel.

Creating a fountain of stones in the suburban area

In order to build a beautiful fountain made of natural stones you will need:

  • Water pump for fountains of required power. It should allow you to raise the water jet to a height equal to the diameter of the fountain itself.
  • Copper tube with 1.5 cm diameter
  • Tank of the required size and configuration.
  • Metal or plastic tube to protect the electrical cable connected to the pump.
  • Coupling.
  • Device for adjusting the water supply( sold in the same place as the pumps for fountains).
  • Gravel.
  • Bars made of wood.
  • Flat stones of any rock that will form the basis of the entire fountain.

The construction of the fountain begins with digging the pit for the tank. It should be 10 cm larger than the container in all planes. This is necessary to create a cushion and anchoring the walls with soil. The bottom of the excavation is carefully rammed and covered with sand in a layer of 5 cm, then gravel and again sand. The resulting pillow is rammed and a little watered to ensure a good shrinkage of the soil.

After a while, a tank is installed in the pit. The gap between the walls of the excavation and the reservoir is covered with soil, trying to choose more clayey. Grind the ground with a bar, periodically wetting. If this is not done, then eventually the ground will settle, and the gap will begin to expand and collapse, forming dips. The space along the perimeter of the tank is cleaned of vegetation and turf by about 50 cm. Sand is formed in the excavation and tampered with it. A layer of gravel or small gravel is poured over the sand and stones are laid on the cement mortar. They need to lay out the entire perimeter, trying to achieve the perfect combination in the same style.

The simplest fountain of stones.

The simplest fountain of stones.

The water pump is installed in the tank in such a way that it can be easily removed for preventive maintenance. On the surface of the tank, you can lay a mesh that prevents large debris from entering, which can damage or hammer the pump. On top of the grid lay wooden beams, which will form the basis for the riser from the stones. A copper tube is connected to the pump, on which the required number of stones are threaded to the very top. These stones must first be provided with holes slightly larger than the diameter of the copper tube. The design resembles a children's pyramid. At the completion of the construction, all elements, including bars, are decorated with stones, which are fixed on the mortar. The water supplied by the pump will freely flow down the stones back to the tank, creating a unique color of the mountain stream.

How to calculate the pump power for the

fountain To accomplish this task, you first need to know how much water it can lift to a given height per unit of time. This information is available as a graphic image on the manufacturer's instructions. In addition, one must also take into account the friction losses, which directly depend on the diameter and length of the pipes or hoses.

To find the performance of pumping equipment for fountains, it is necessary to determine exactly the following factors that affect it:

  • Maximum width of the waterfall or stream if the fountain is of this type.
  • Height difference between the lowest and highest point of the structure.
  • The desired thickness of the water wall or film, the intensity of the stream or the waterfall.
  • Length of hoses and pipes and their diameter.

As a general rule, the pump must supply at least 1000 l / h for every 100 mm of the width of the stream or waterfall and raise the water to a height equal to the diameter of the fountain. In addition, for the stream and the waterfall, there is the formula: K x W x 24 x 60, where K is a coefficient that is 5 for a slow flow, 10 for an average flow, 15 for a rough flow;W is the width of a waterfall or a stream in m. It is also necessary to take into account the friction losses of water in the hoses. The summary table of losses is presented below.

Table of losses for friction of water in hoses during the installation of a country fountain

Table of losses for friction of water in hoses with the installation of a summer fountain

In addition to the technical parameters, it is necessary to pay attention to the pump manufacturer. Choose well-known brands with a good reputation, as a quality pump will last you for many years without breakdowns.

From the information provided, it is clear that to build a small fountain in its summer cottage under the power of everyone, there would be a corresponding desire. After all, when building it, you can manage very small amounts spent only on the purchase of pumps, hoses, pipes, nozzles and a water pressure regulator.

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