Liquid wallpaper is a modern finishing material intended for the finish of walls. It is a ready-made dry mix, which must be diluted with water before applying to the wall. After drying, they form a pleasant to the touch surface with an interesting texture. In its composition, this material is similar to conventional paper wallpaper, and by the way of application - with putty or plaster. Liquid wallpaper is produced on the basis of cellulose, with the addition of silk, as well as gluing and decorative components. Before you buy them, be sure to read about how to apply a liquid wallpaper.
The color palette of liquid wallpaper is very large - you can choose almost any color, and if there is none, then the desired shade can easily be achieved with a tint color. In addition, liquid wallpaper can contain in its composition glitters, pearlescent powder, mineral crumbs, etc.
This material can be used for finishing any premises in the house, but in the bathroom, due to high humidity, it will serve somewhat less. To extend the life of liquid wallpaper in the bathroom can be with a special acrylic coating.
Liquid wallpaper has many undoubted advantages, they:
- are environmentally friendly - this material contains only natural, safe for human components;
- plastic - the consistency of the mixture allows it to be applied to walls with a variety of relief, for example, with columns or niches;
- soundproof - thanks to a special, porous structure this type of coating has a high degree of sound insulation;
- is easily repaired if damaged;
- perfectly retain heat;
- does not absorb odors, unlike conventional paper wallpapers;
- does not form seams.
In the design of the bathroom, liquid wallpaper is used as a sole material for covering the walls, and in combination with ceramic tiles, artificial stone or decorative plaster. In addition, using different in color and texture of liquid wallpaper, you can create on the walls of the original patterns.
How to calculate the quantity of
Dry material, based on which liquid wallpaper is mixed, is sold in large plastic bags. In one bag is about a kilogram of the mixture - this is enough for finishing 3-4 sq.m. Wall, depending on the thickness of the coating.
To ensure that the coating is as thin and smooth as possible, liquid wallpaper should be mixed according to the instructions. To achieve the desired consistency, you should find the golden mean - the mixture should not be too liquid, otherwise the wallpaper will not adhere well to the wall or too thick, in this case the coating will be non-uniform, with mounds and depressions.
To calculate the required number of materials, you need to determine the total area of the walls and divide it by the consumption of the package. The total area of walls in the bathroom is calculated as follows: calculate the area of each wall, multiplying the height and width and summarize the results.
It is better to purchase an additional bag of the mixture and store it "in reserve" in case of damage to the walls.
Preparatory work for
To cover the walls with liquid wallpaper, you will need the same preparatory work as pasting with usual wallpaper. The wall must be cleaned of old finishing materials and primed. Due to its special texture, liquid wallpaper can hide the small flaws of the walls, which can not be hidden under a layer of putty or waterproof paint.
However, to achieve the best result, putty should not be neglected. It will ensure reliable adhesion of liquid wallpaper to the wall. We use the most common shpatlevku for this.
After drying the wall, you can start priming .Using a roller for painting, we apply the composition to the entire surface of the wall. For these purposes, it is better to choose a white primer, since it is difficult to predict how the colored primer behaves under liquid wallpaper - it may appear bright spots. When the first layer of soil is completely dry, treat the wall with a primer one more time. The second layer of the primer is applied perpendicularly to the first layer.
Mixing the liquid wallpaper is a fairly long process, so it is better to start it beforehand. Preparation of the mixture takes several hours, usually 8-10 hours. The best solution is to mix the mixture in the evening, before going to bed, and in the morning of a new day to get to work.
In order to prepare a liquid wallpaper for application to the wall, we will need a large capacity, in which it will be convenient to mix the composition, the best is the pelvis. The required ratio of dry mixture to water is indicated on the package. It is necessary to follow the instructions exactly, otherwise you can get a composition that is unsuitable for work. For the same reason, you should not divide the contents of the package into several parts - the ratio of components will be broken, and the mixture simply does not stick to the wall.
Pour warm water into the basin and pour out the dry mixture. If decorative additives are applied to the mixture you bought, first they are poured into the container with water, and then the basic composition. We knead liquid wallpaper to a homogeneous consistency. For this we use only our own hands, as the mixer breaks the structure of the components that make up the mixture. Then cover the pelvis with polyethylene or lay out the prepared mixture in packages and leave for the time recommended by the manufacturer.
There are several ways to apply liquid wallpaper to the wall. This can be done with a roller, spatula, trowel, special grater or spray gun, this option is suitable if you want the final wall covering to be more embossed. The tools should be selected based on the finishing method.
Begin the application from the upper corners of the wall, gradually moving to the middle of the .To make the coating as uniform as possible, move from a well-lit corner to a darker one. For leveling the material, experts recommend using a thin spatula made of organic glass. On the inaccessible areas of the wall, the mixture can be applied with wet hands.
After the liquid wallpaper has covered the whole surface of the wall, wait a couple of hours and again walk the working tool over the fresh surface, wetting it with water. Ask someone to shine you with a bright lamp or flashlight and then you will be able to avoid gossamers, unevennesses and other cosmetic defects.
Coating with a protective layer of varnish
In the bathroom, liquid wallpaper is exposed to water, steam, and temperature changes. Since the main component of this finishing material is cellulose, so close contact with moisture significantly shortens its useful life. In order to liquid wallpaper adorning the walls of your bathroom for many years, without losing its original appearance, the final stage of finishing work should be to cover the walls with lacquer.
It is best to use a colorless lacquer on an acrylic base for this. The varnish layer will give the liquid wallpaper the missing important properties - strength, resistance to moisture and steam. After the treatment with lacquer, the finish coat can be washed smoothly using soft cleaning agents, without fear of damaging the surface.
Acrylic lacquer is applied to dried liquid wallpaper by means of a wide and thin paint brush. For the coating to be more durable, it is possible to add the lacquer directly to the container with liquid wallpaper, just before applying to the wall. For the best results try using both of these methods.
To ensure that the liquid wallpaper has served you as long as possible, they need to be taken care of properly. Despite the fact that the acrylic coating significantly increases the hardness of the liquid wallpaper, it is still recommended to wash them only in the most extreme cases. The most suitable way to clean this type of wall covering is a vacuum cleaner. Power mode will depend on the resulting texture of the coating. The more pronounced the surface, the greater the power should be selected.
If you accidentally damaged the liquid wallpaper, for example, scratched or planted an indelible stain, this problem can be easily solved. Scratch the coating from the damaged area, mix a little dry mixture from the stock and apply to the wall, if possible, trying to make the joint as inconspicuous as possible. If you do not have a mixture in stock, you can put it in the powder that you scraped off the wall. After a while, the color difference between the old coating and the fresh patch will become almost invisible.