The technology of building houses from SIP( SIP) panels has been used for several decades in North America. This construction is common in Europe. The popularity of this technology is due to the reliability of the design, the high speed of construction, regardless of weather conditions, good thermal protection indicators. Simplicity of assembly makes it possible to build a house from self-supporting panels without using a large team and heavy equipment.
- Features of this technology
- The main stages of building a house from SIP panels
- Building a foundation
- Arrangement of a lower level
- Laying of communications
- Arrangement of internal partitions
- Installation of SIP panels
- Construction of a roof
- Finishing works
- Video of building a house from self-
Features of this technology
The fact that this type of construction is feasible, you can be sure, after looking at the photo report on the provdennyh construction work. The information below shows how to build a house from self-supporting panels.
For full clarity, it should be noted that the concept of the SIP panel came from the English language - SIP( Structural Insulated Panel) is translated as a structural heat-insulated panel( see photo).
Houses from such sandwich panels handle both cross loads( hurricane winds), and with the weight of snow on the roof.
The main stages of building a house from SIP panels
If a construction is planned on the ground where there was nothing before, the placement of the house on the site will be connected solely with the personal preferences of the owners, and with the accommodation rates relative to the land borders. If there is a pipeline running alongside, sewage drains are equipped, care must be taken to ensure that during construction, communications are not affected.
Marking under the foundation is done.
The light weight of a house made of sandwich panels helps to minimize the cost of building a foundation. Massive construction is not needed here. Lightweight buildings from SIP panels can be put on the following types of foundations:
Of course, you can equip the ground floor.
Here it was decided to build a house without a basement. First, with the help of heavy equipment, they equipped a platform, made a small burial under the foundation. When grooves are made in accordance with the design documentation, arrange the formwork and pour concrete solution.
On the strip foundation slag blocks are installed, which are reinforced and poured with concrete.
988 blocks are used in this situation. It turns out a fairly high base of the house. This helps protect the house from moisture and insects. Instead of cinder blocks, you can simply use concrete to fill the base.
Lower level arrangement
It is believed that the SIP panels are very durable. Without difficulty, you can find a video where the truck is traveling on such a panel, and it does not completely deform. Therefore, the floor in the house is made of this material. Only first the waterproofing is laid on the foundation. It puts the first panel, combining it with the corner of the basement. The docking points of the panels are filled with foam. There also install a connecting key. The second panel is attached to the first. The connecting keys, to which the panels are bolted, will give rigidity to all constructions.
When laying the panels, it is necessary to check the level. If there are deviations, they must be eliminated. The end part of the stacked panels is closed with planks of strapping, with their fastening foam is used. As a result, the outside floor of the first floor will resemble a monolithic panel.
Laying of communications
Pre-prepared technological holes are used for laying communications. This is the water supply system, and the sewage system.
These works must be done before laying the finishing floor.
Typically, internal partitions are installed simultaneously with the construction of load-bearing walls.
But if there are delays in the delivery of panels, you can first install a skeleton of internal partitions in accordance with the schemes and drawings of the project documentation.
Installation of SIP panels
The main stage of building a house from self-supporting panels is the installation of the panels themselves.
To fix this material it is necessary without gaps and voids. The more tight the connection is, the more comfortable it will be to live in the house. Joints must be filled with foam. Fasteners carry out self-tapping screws. To the guide beam on the foundation, the panel should be fixed with anchor bolts, in order to avoid possible shifts in the shrinkage of the foundation. The number of docking joints should be minimal. Therefore, the best option - the construction of a house made of self-supporting panels, made specifically for a specific project.
When the walls of the first floor are assembled, the beam and floor panels are laid.
Construction of the roof
The construction of the roof from SIP panels is further carried out.
Mauerlat is made, a rafter system is mounted on which the CIP panels are mounted, and the roof is already fastened to it. You can see the details of how the roof is arranged here.
When the box is ready, it is necessary to install insulating glass, doors, wiring.
As an interior finish, plasterboard is most often used, but it is better to use natural materials from wood.
It is also necessary to take care of exterior finishing work. The simplest option is installing a siding. For the roof use metal, ondulin and other roofing materials.
All the described scope of work takes 2-3 months. With him can handle 3 people. But if large panels are used, it is better to invite two more people to mount them to make the work easier.