Construction of a fountain at a country house is not as complicated as it seems at first glance. Such structures are closed water circulation systems. Each system consists of two parts - a smaller one, mounted in an open state, and larger, hidden under water.
Scheme of operation of fountains
Content of the article
- 1 Fountain operation scheme
- 2 Basic views
- 3 Decorative aspect of the issue
- 4 Choosing the right place
- 5 Fountain in the country house
- 5.1 Pumping equipment
- 6 Option No. 1.Making a fountain from the materials
- 7 Option number 2.Making a stone fountain
- 7.1 Video - Building a stone fountain
- 8 Tips for professionals
- 8.1 Video - Fountain from a kettle
If you simplify the scheme of the fountain, it would look something like this. The element of the system, which is usually considered a fountain - it's just a decorative bowl, where the nozzle is placed for ejection. The shape of the bowl, as well as the nozzle itself, can be the most diverse( remember even the famous Bakhchisaray fountains).
Discharging from the nozzle, the water fills the tank, from where it enters the purification filter through a special hole and back to the nozzle. Characteristically, to adjust the level of filling the bowl is equipped with a special overflow device.
Basic views of
By the way of performance, fountains can be of two types:
In the first case, they are similar to architectural designs that adorn municipal parks and parks. They are not just water "fireworks", but a true work of art. Usually, at the base of such fountains lies some figure - for example, a plant or a woman with a jug. For their manufacture use polymer concrete( artificial stone), which is characterized by strength, reliability and resistance to low temperatures.
Submersible systems are created in the reservoirs themselves and consist of several basic elements:
- nozzle that gives the jet the right shape;
- water supply line.
Similar fountains are used mainly on country plots and from the side look as if an underground source spouts water splashes.
Decorative aspect of the
issue Please note! The most popular is the usual jet fountain. In it the stream of water is directed upward, dividing into several smaller streams. Very primitive, but at the same time original. With such a miniature fountain, the garden pond will look new.
Often the shape of the fountains is symmetrical, that is, it obeys all laws of geometry. They can be round, rectangular, etc. Regardless of the form, they do not need additional decorative design - just indicate the boundaries of the reservoir( for example, stucco or natural stone), the main thing is that the style should go to the overall landscape design.
Probably, it is not necessary to say once again that the larger the area has a plot, the larger the fountain can be built. It would seem ridiculous to look like a huge construction on a miniature five hundred square meters.
Choosing the right place for the
The optimal place for building a fountain is one that is perfectly visible from different points of the garden. It would be great to equip a water structure in a recreation area or on a playground.
Please note! The fountain should not obstruct approaches to other elements of the garden or buildings on the site.
When planning the construction should take into account the relief features of a particular area. It is desirable that the fountain is located in the lowland - this gives several advantages:
- the volumes of groundwater will be easier to adjust in the required direction;
- air will be saturated with moisture, which is important on hot days.
Please note! Do not install fountains near trees or in the center of the site, otherwise the waterproofing or the entire internal structure will be damaged by the roots, and the crumbling leaves will clog the filtration system.
Fountain in the country with their own hands
Regardless of the type of construction, the installation provides for the following activities:
- its strengthening;
- tank installation;
- pump installation;
For a small design, you can use a conventional plastic container, while massive fountains need to be pre-erected. For water supply, it is recommended to use plastic pipes that do not rust and are connected with a soldering iron.
Please note! The main element of any design is hydraulic engineering equipment, which forms a head and throws water out of the nozzle.
The operating life of a fountain depends largely on the quality of the pumping unit, so it is better not to save on this element. The scheme of the pump is quite simple: through the drain hole in the bowl, water enters the pipes and flows along them to the intake pipe of the pump. He, in turn, creates the necessary pressure and throws it through the nozzle. Thus, the cycle is repeated.
The power of the pump depends on two factors:
- the volume of the bowl;
- of the required release force.
Please note! The circulating pump requires electricity, so you should take care of the connection even when planning. Do not despair if you can not power the device with electricity - a small dome fountain can be made without the help of a pump.
Similar models have a more natural look, but they can be equipped exclusively on a slope relief. Here the water circulates according to the principle of several communicating vessels, located on different tiers.
When planning, you can use the ready-made options, which were repeatedly tested in practice:
- fountain of stones;
- construction made from improvised materials.
Consider the technology of their manufacture.
Option number 1.Making a fountain from the materials
- electric drill;
- metal shears;
- insulating tape;
- iron sheet;
- stones of the appropriate size;
- acrylic bath;
- circulating pump;
- decorative elements( lamps, sculptures, plants, etc.).
Having prepared everything you need, you can start working. The procedure is as follows.
Step 1. First pick up stones( they can be found near a pond or country road).They should be oval or round.
Step 2. Next, the hole is pulled out according to the size of the bath.
bath. Step 3. The bath is installed, the drain hole is sealed.
Step 4. The wide inserts from the non-ferrous metal( copper, aluminum, etc.) are cut out necessary to protect the playground or the rest area from splashing. The inserts are laid and decorated with a stone.
Step 5. At the bottom are stacked smaller stones, set backlight( if planned).
Step 6. The circulating pump is installed, the bowl is filled with water. The final decoration of the design is carried out( depends only on personal preferences and taste - there are no restrictions).
Please note! Beautifully will look natural stones in combination with sculptures - a frog, a leopard, a gnome and so on. Sculptures merge with a stone and will focus on the original decor.
In addition, you need to select a bright vegetation( it is desirable to put it in a vase), as well as elements of wood - ordinary branches, wheels, blades of the mill.
Option number 2.Making a stone fountain
- mounting syringe for filling joints;
- adjustable wrench;
- electric drill;
- metal scissors;
- electrical tape;
- pipe cutter.
- boards and slats for strengthening the structure;
- stones( flat);
- copper pipe;
- polyvinyl chloride pipe;
- gravel for drainage system;
- hermetic container for bowl.
Construction of this kind of fountain consists of the following stages.
Step 1. First, a pit is pulled 5 cm deep into the hole above the height of the container. Also a small ditch is made to the socket.
is pulled out Step 2. The 5-centimeter "pillow" from gravel is filled.
Step 3. The tank and the PVC pipe are stacked, both elements are connected. The ditch is filled with earth.
Step 4. The pump is installed in the tank, the outlets are marked and made.
Step 5. The capacity is connected to a copper pipe.
Step 6. Gravel falls on the bottom of the tank, the pump is fixed.
Step 7. The fountain is strengthened - the slats and boards are laid on the bowl.
stacks are stacked. Step 8. The flat stones are stacked on top of each other, the holes for each of them are marked.
Step 9. The holes are made, stones are strung on a copper pipe.
Step 10. Decorating the construction is the final stage of the work. Large gaps between the stones are laid with small stones, silicone-based glue is used to fill the slots.
When the glue dries, the bowl is filled with water, the pump is connected, the pressure adjustment is carried out and everything - the fountain is fully ready for operation.
Video - Construction of a stone fountain
Advice from professionals
- If the structure is massive enough, it will require a foundation. It should be maximally deepened - below the line of the plant interlayer. This will prevent soil erosion.
- In winter, all removable parts should be disassembled, even if they are capable of withstanding low temperatures. Also from the bowl you need to drain all the water.
- In addition, the bowl should be covered with a film( the film is fixed on all sides).
- If necessary, the design can be equipped with an additional capacity, which is called a receiver. This can be a plastic tank with a capacity of not more than a hundred liters, installed slightly above the nozzle. The tank is filled with a pump, and then by gravity the water is directed to the nozzle. So the pressure will be constant, and the system, accordingly, will run smoothly.
And in conclusion - another thematic video.