Materials for roofs of private houses: ceramic tile, and other, which one is better to choose a video, photo

Choosing materials for roofing of 8 modern variants

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Table of contents

  • 1 types of materials
    • 1.1 Option 1: metal
    • 1.2 Option 2: corrugated board
    • 1.3 Option 3: ceramic tiles
    • 1.4 Option 4: sand-cement shingles
    • 1.5 Option 5: soft tile
    • 1.6 Option 6: ondulin
    • 1.7 Option 7: Slate
    • 1.8 Option 8: evroruberoid
  • 2 Output

What is the best material for the roof of the roof? The answer to this question interests of every developer. I'll tell you about the advantages and disadvantages of the most common modern roofing materials, so you can make the right choice.

From the choice of material depends not only on design and durability of the roof, but also the comfort of living in the house

From the choice of material depends not only on design and durability of the roof, but also the comfort of living in the house

types of materials

The most popular roofing materials the following:

types of materials

types of materials

Let's examine its characteristics, to find out what kind of material is best for the house roof.

Metal is a sheet steel

Metal is a sheet steel

Option 1: metal

Metal - pressed from galvanized steel sheets. Profile leaves resemble stacked in several rows of tiles. Hence the name of the material.

Metal roof is very similar to ceramic tile

Metal roof is very similar to ceramic tile

dignity:

  • Low weight. The average weighs about 4.5 kg per 1m2. For comparison, the weight of natural tile may reach 50-60 kg per 1m2.
    Due to its light weight material is convenient to work with. In addition, it does not have a big load on the truss system and the wall of the house;
The market is a wide range of metal colors

The market is a wide range of metal colors

  • Large choice of design. Metal There are a variety of colors, it is matte and glossy, and it is different profile shape;
  • Durability. Depending on the type of protective coating, metal may be from 25 to 50 years;
  • Low cost. The price of this material is several times smaller than the ceramic tiles.
During precipitation such roofs is very noisy

During precipitation such roofs is very noisy

disadvantages:

  • Noise. Material strongly rumbles during precipitation. To solve this disadvantage can laying noise insulation material under the metal sheets;
  • The high thermal conductivity. To neutralize this disadvantage, the roof can be insulated;
  • The protective coating is easily damaged. This leads to a significant reduction in the durability of the material. Therefore, metal demands a careful attitude.
Coated polyester tiles less durable

Coated polyester tiles less durable

Features choice. As I said above, many of the qualities of metal depends on the polymer coating. They are of the following types:

  • Polyester. The cheapest, and therefore the most common coating. The protective properties of polyester are not great, so claimed the life of metal covered with them is 25 years old;
Pural quickly fade in the sun

Pural quickly fade in the sun

  • Puranas. In terms of the protection of this coating is more robust than polyester, but fade in the sun. The durability of metal covered puralom reaches 50 years of age;
Plastisol gives a kind of metal tile texture

Plastisol gives a kind of metal tile texture

  • Plastisol. This coating protects the roofing material from mechanical and chemical influences, however, quickly loses its properties at high temperatures. In addition, the fade in the sun, so is not suitable for the southern regions;
PVDF - the most reliable and durable polymeric coating

PVDF - the most reliable and durable polymeric coating

  • PVDF. Reliable and durable coating, whereby service life of metal is 40-50 years. His only drawback is the high cost.

Cost. The price of the material depends on the manufacturer and type of the polymeric coating:

Mark Rub. per 1m2
Grand Line (Polyester) from 330
Metal profile (Polyester) 300
Metal profile (Plastisol) 550
Ruukki (PVDF) from 1100
Weckman (Pural) 600

It is not necessary to purchase the cheapest metal roofing from unknown manufacturers, since it is already a few years old might lose color and rust.

Profiled metal is different from a profile shape

Profiled metal is different from a profile shape

Option 2: corrugated board

As metal, this material is a galvanized sheet, profiled by cold rolling. The only difference is the shape of the profile. Therefore, all the advantages and disadvantages of these coatings are the same.

The roof of corrugated board can last 25-50 years, depending on the polymer coating

The roof of corrugated board can last 25-50 years, depending on the polymer coating

The same applies to the protective coatings. The only decking can be found on sale without any polymer coating, ie, just galvanized. However, such a material is used commonly for a farm buildings because of low durability, besides appearance of galvanized profiled sheet is poor.

Profiled without polymer coating less durable

Profiled without polymer coating less durable

Cost. corrugated cost also depends on the type of polymer coating.

Mark Rub. per 1m2
Grand Line (uncoated) from 190
NLMK (Polyester) 300
Grand Line (Polyester) from 320
Steel TD (TD Steel) from 520

An excellent alternative to a professional flooring for roofs with a small bias is folded roof. It provides a sealed joint coating. In other respects it has the same properties as the metal or corrugated board.

Ceramic tiles - the most prestigious roofing today

Ceramic tiles - the most prestigious roofing today

Option 3: ceramic tiles

Ceramic tile needs no introduction. This material is known to mankind for hundreds of years, and still the world is very popular.

Advantages:

  • Attractive design. This roofing material looks beautiful and rich. Therefore, many others mimic the appearance of tiles.
    In addition, a huge range of colors allows you to choose it for every taste;
Such a roof can last more than 100 years

Such a roof can last more than 100 years

  • Durability. On this parameter tiles undisputed leader among roofing materials, as will last 100-150 years, and sometimes more;
  • Good sound insulation properties. Tile quite noisy during precipitation;
  • UV resistance. Throughout the life of the material does not lose its appeal;
  • Fire safety. Pottery is highly resistant to fire.
Tiles require reinforced structure truss system

Tiles require reinforced structure truss system

Disadvantages. Along with the advantages of ceramic tile has some disadvantages:

  • A lot of weight. As a result, the roof requires a reinforced truss system, and powerful crates. It increases the load on the walls and foundation of the house;
  • Restricting the angle of inclination. Sloping roofs should be within 22-44 degrees. You can make a steeper slope, but will then have to be fastened to the furring every tiled tiles;
  • High price. Not everyone can afford a ceramic tile;
Installation of ceramic tile - is a complex and time-consuming work

Installation of ceramic tile - is a complex and time-consuming work

  • Labor intensity and complexity of installation. This increases the cost of the roof. To lay the tiles with their hands, without skills, it is not necessary, as this will affect its longevity.

Features choice. When you select should pay attention to the following points:

  • Density and porosity. The higher density - the rugged and durable tile. Porosity leads to increased water absorption and consequent negative effects;
  • Structure. The structure must be uniform, i.e. without visible inclusions of lime.
German tile Braas is widely used around the world for its quality and attractive sight

German tile Braas is widely used around the world for its quality and attractive sight

Cost. The price of the tiles depends on the manufacturer:

Mark Rub. per 1m2
Braas from 1000
Roben 1500
KORAMIC from 1600
Creaton from 1450
Cement-sand tile is similar to the ceramic not only in appearance, but also durability

Cement-sand tile is similar to the ceramic not only in appearance, but also durability

Option 4: sand-cement shingles

Tsementnopeschanaya tile shards is not different in shape from ceramic tiles. Therefore, externally, both materials are very similar.

Roofing is manufactured from a cement-sand mortar, to which is added a colorant and a plasticizer.

Dignity. The cement-sand tile has the following advantages:

  • Cost. Price two times lower than the cost of ceramic tiles;
  • Durability. The material is resistant to humidity, temperature, UV and other negative influences. Therefore, the durability is at least 50 years. Some manufacturers, for example, Baltic Tile, claim the longevity of 100 years;
Externally, the roof of the cement-sand tile is not easy to distinguish from ceramic - it is a big plus

Externally, the roof of the cement-sand tile is not easy to distinguish from ceramic - it is a big plus

  • Attractive appearance. This material is the most authentic character of a ceramic tile. True difference is still there, they are in a more uniform color, ie, without overflow, lack luster, and so on. Therefore, to talk about the absolute outer identity is not necessary;
  • Sound-proof quality. The coating does not make noise during precipitation;
  • Fire safety. Highly resistant to fire.

Disadvantages. Lows in the cement-sand tile is the same as that of the ceramic. Moreover, it has more weight because of the greater thickness. At the same time it has the strength lower than that of ceramic.

Cement-mortar lining weighs more than ceramic

Cement-mortar lining weighs more than ceramic

Features choice. High-quality tiles should have a smooth surface and a flat shape with a clear profile. No curvature are not permitted. When tapping on a tile, it must publish a clear sound, no bounce.

Cost. Material, though cheaper than ceramic tile, call it cheap it is still impossible:

Mark Rub. per 1m2
baltic Tile 600
BRAAS 500
A-Tiilikate 650
Ritsal 450
Soft tile - piece of bitumen-polymer material

Soft tile - piece of bitumen-polymer material

Option 5: soft tile

Soft or shingles is a material made of a modified reinforced bitumen. Obverse such tiles prokryta cement stone granules, performing not only decorative, but also a protective function.

Shingles exist in a variety of colors

Shingles exist in a variety of colors

Dignity. Soft tile has the following properties.

  • Design. Coverage exists in different colors and different shapes. Moreover, its decorative qualities at a height;
  • The weight. Because shingles is lightweight, does not require a strong roof truss system;
Flexible roof tile can be covered complex shape

Flexible roof tile can be covered complex shape

  • Flexibility. Due to this quality, this cover is perfect for mounting on a complex shape of the roof;
  • Good sound insulation qualities. The coating is absolutely no noise;
  • Good tightness. Shingles after installation glued to each other.

Alternative Shingles - slate roofing. Its main advantage is durability - Material can last more than 100 years. The truth is slate tiles are very expensive - the price starts from 3000 rubles per square meter.

Slate tiles - durable, but very expensive roofing

Slate tiles - durable, but very expensive roofing

disadvantages:

  • The need for a solid crate. This slightly increases the weight of the roof and complicates the installation process;
  • Life time. On average the material is 25 years;
This roof will last at least 25 years

This roof will last at least 25 years

  • The big difference in quality. there are many low-quality shingles on the market;
  • High price. This material is more expensive metal. However, please note that the amount of waste considerably less than the installation of shingles than when laying the sheet materials.

Shingles can be used for roofs with a slope of not less than 12 degrees.

Features choice. Pay attention to the decorative layer, if it crumbles badly, it means that the building material for the roof is short-lived.

Shingles Docke not only beautiful but also durable

Shingles Docke not only beautiful but also durable

Cost. The price of shingles depends on the manufacturer:

Mark Rub. per 1m2
Katepal from 690
SHINGLAS from 420
IKO ARMOURSHIELD from 680
owens Corning from 1000
Docke 500
Sheet bitumen-polymer material - Ondulin

Sheet bitumen-polymer material - Ondulin

Option 6: ondulin

This wave sheet material made of cellulose impregnated with bitumen. Outwardly, it resembles a painted slate. Therefore, it is called bituminous slate.

dignity:

  • Little weight. The sheet weighs approximately 6 kg. Due to this, this material is often used to repair roofs of private houses, laying directly on top of old coating, for example, slate;
Ondulin can be mounted on top of an old roofing

Ondulin can be mounted on top of an old roofing

  • Attractive appearance. The material has an intense color;
  • Sound-proofing qualities. During precipitation covered Onduline roof does not make noise.
New ondulin resembles a painted slate

New ondulin resembles a painted slate

disadvantages:

  • Fragility. Well-known manufacturers offer a guarantee on material 10-15 years. Ondulin from little-known manufacturers can be rendered useless after only a few years after installation;
  • Fade in the sun. Guarantee, which gives manufacturers on color does not apply. As practice shows, the material burns much before the end of the declared period of service;
Ondulin quickly becomes unattractive

Ondulin quickly becomes unattractive

  • Low strength. Roof covering can damage the branches of trees, especially in sub-zero temperature, when the material becomes brittle;
  • Instability to high temperatures. Under the influence of sunlight may deform.

Thus, ondulin - not the best of modern materials for the roof.

Cost. Despite the fact that the budget ondulin considered material, it costs more than the price of some brands of slate and metal:

Manufacturer The cost in rubles per sheet
Corrubit 450
Onduline 420-450
Gutta 380
Slate - the cheapest roofing material

Slate - the cheapest roofing material

Option 7: Slate

This is a traditional roofing material in our country. He has not lost its relevance, despite the recent emergence of a large number of competitors.

dignity:

  • Durability. The cover can last 30-40 years or even longer;
The roof of slate will serve for decades

The roof of slate will serve for decades

  • Fire safety. Slate made of asbestos-cement solution and that's it;
  • Low cost. Material costs less Ondulina and metal;
  • Good sound insulation qualities. No noise during precipitation.
Painted slate is being protected from biological effects

Painted slate is being protected from biological effects

disadvantages:

  • Appearance. Gray slate looks unattractive, however, the fault is solved painting;
  • The need for care. The surface of the slate quickly darkens and becomes soiled, moreover, it can grow moss;
Over time, the slate dark and overgrown with moss

Over time, the slate dark and overgrown with moss

  • Fragility. The coating may crack during transportation or installation. In addition, over time, to a stacked slate cracks;
  • A lot of weight. SquareMeter slate weighs about 9.5 kg.
  • Low environmental friendliness. As part of the slate has asbestos, which is harmful to health.

Cost. The price of the slate depends on its size:

illustrations Rub. per 1m2
1750h980h5.8 250
1750h1130h5.2 180
1750h1100h8 350
3000h1500h12 1200
The photo-polymer bitumen roofing felt - evroruberoid

The photo-polymer bitumen roofing felt - evroruberoid

Option 8: evroruberoid

This rolled material on the reinforced bitumen-based polymer. As soft tile, the front surface is covered with a protective evroruberoida decorative coating (grit).

Euroruberoid has a multilayer structure - this makes it strong and durable material

Euroruberoid has a multilayer structure - this makes it strong and durable material

dignity:

  • Strength. Fabric reinforced with fiberglass, glass-fiber or polyester, thereby capable of withstanding high mechanical loads;
  • Durability. Manufacturers claim that the service life of the material is 15-25 years. premium coating is able to serve 30 years;
  • attractive appearance. Due decorative strewing material looks quite presentable;
On sale there are different colors evroruberoid

On sale there are different colors evroruberoid

  • Easy installation. laying of roll coating instruction is quite simple. Moreover, evroruberoid does not require the continuous purlin, unlike soft tile;
  • Low cost. Euroruberoid is much cheaper soft tiles.

Installation of bituminous materials, including evroruberoid, can only be done at zero temperature.

Euroruberoid most commonly used for flat roofs

Euroruberoid most commonly used for flat roofs

disadvantages:

  • The need for waterproofing. Like all other roofing materials, Euroruberoid require additional waterproofing of the roof;
  • The difference in quality. As in the case of the soft tile, the market there is a set of low-grade material, which strew washed off quickly.

Cost. The cost of the material affects the type of foundation and the manufacturer:

Mark The cost in rubles per roll
TechnoNikol roll 15m2 (fiberglass) 440
KRMZ 4,5h10m (fiberglass) 950
Orgkrovlya 10m2 (fiberglass) 760
Flex 10m2 Poliruf roll (polyester) 1250

Output

Now you are familiar with the basic properties of roofing, and will be able to select the best roofing material for roofs according to your requirements and budget. I recommend to view the video in this article. If you have any questions - write comments and I will gladly help.