fabric. Currently patchwork is gaining popularity again. Interior, clothing in patchwork style is a very original solution, but for beginners it is a complicated kind of needlework. Therefore it is very important to know a number of certain rules with which training( like patchwork sewing) will pass with ease.
- History patchwork quilt
- patchwork: it is
- Types patchwork quilt
- patchwork knitting
- patchwork: sewing on
- paper Quilting: different techniques
The history of quilting patchwork
It is believed that patchwork was originally created in a hundredodavney India. However, this method was patented and nicknamed it as patchwork - in England, already at the beginning of the 20th century. But in due time such sewing was used for economy of a material. It is about those times when there simply were no automated factories and factories for the manufacture of textiles, and the fabric was extracted with the help of handwork.
The history of the patchwork originated in those times when the concept of slaves still existed on the planet. It was they who sewed their clothes from the remnants of the old. Well, after that, patchwork was turned into a full-fledged design branch.
As for Russia, here patchwork was actively spread already in the 60's and 70's, when the first fashionable women appeared on the streets of the USSR,And many publishers began to actively distribute magazines on the theme of fashion. In the same place, simple patchwork schemes were published, which quickly became extremely popular among girls and women who previously could not afford for some reason to dress something radically different from the Soviet style.
Now patchwork remains the same popular, although it is more used in knitting. Advantages of this technique are several:
- Saving material. After all, you can really just use old flaps left over from sewing other things.
- Simplicity. Elementary patchwork does not represent anything difficult even for those skilled workers who only recently made friends with the sewing machine and spokes.
- The immense fantasy. Indeed, the final result depends only on the wishes of the needlewoman. Use the scheme - it's not necessary.
Style patchwork: what is it
So, as already mentioned above, patchwork is a kind of patchwork sewing. The simplest example is to fold the flaps with a rectangle and just sew them together along the inner edge. Thus, it turns out either a napkin or a simple blanket. It's not necessary to use any style. Although patchwork primarily uses sewing with even geometric figures, or with a circle( semicircle) with even bends. That is, the lessons of patchwork sewing mainly involve only the ability to correctly combine colors, and also to make even stitching.
In fact, patchwork is a sewing, which simply combines fabrics of a relatively identical type, but of different colors. The technique can be different, using strips, ties or just an abstraction combination, but the end result will be similar.
Which fabrics are best suited for patchwork?So, these are the following fabrics:
- wool( just for knitting);
Synthetic materials are generally not used. By the way, if you use silk, then you can use borough - a sub-type of patchwork sewing, when the patch is performed by patches.
Types of patchwork patchwork
Patchwork, directly in its function, means overlapping smaller flaps for larger ones. That is, sewing can be performed even on paper. The edges are joined by a simple stitch, although a stitch is also possible. But there are other types of patchwork. Conditionally all of them are referred to as quilting. It includes the same borough, applique, patchwork. The end result is a puzzle, but the way it will be connected is a secondary fact. By the way, it can be mentioned that the quilt is now used even in the decoration of furniture, and directly patchwork means the creation of clothes or bed linen.
Based on this, patchwork is divided into:
- knitting in the style of patchwork( it is indicated separately, because the technique is radically different).
Style patchwork in knitting
Quilting is not really that. Yarn of different colors but of equal thickness is used. Naturally, the material is also chosen the same. Making knitting from different yarns is already a rather difficult task, with which beginners are most often unable to cope. The most difficult thing to do there is translation and screed from one flap to the second. That is, you will have to accurately calculate the number of loops along the edge. The connection is mainly used through air loops.
The main differences in patchwork knitting are:
- screed through the diagonal( if it is a question of squares and triangles, for example);
- a separate 1 loop is allocated to the edge( that is, there will be a set of loops with a slope to one side);
- flaps are not connected, but are connected through an air loop.
Knit patchwork style is used to create designer clothes. It is best to use wool, although other yarns are allowed.
Style patchwork: embroidery on paper
Strangely enough, but sewing on paper in patchwork style originates in Russia. It was here that he first used needlewomen, using in practice the technique of flying geese or a well. Already later, all this resulted in the so-called bargello, which is a combination of all these applied techniques. The basis of sewing is creating a sketch on paper and making holes under the edge. It will be located on the inside.
The advantage of this technique is the possibility to use a sewing machine. Plus, the connection lines will be ready in advance.
So, the paper sewing is performed according to the following algorithm:
- Creating a sketch.
- Outline of blanks. By the way, it is not necessary that the dimensions are exactly the same with the markup. It is assumed that one part of the flap will be hidden under the other. It will not be noticeable anyway.
- Folding flaps in the order of connection.
- Connecting parts of the product.
Start sewing from the bottom of the fabric. The new is sewn into the upper direction, and the last flap is draped or simply wrapped( for example, if it is a baby blanket).
Patchwork: different technique of performing
Quilting can be used not only with paper. For example, napkins do generally with two facial sides. Here it is necessary to create two canvases, which in the future simply merge on the edge. It will be easier to use flying geese at all, when one end of the product simply bends into the inner edge and is already hidden there.
And in the shops of textile goods in general special sets for patchwork are realized. They already include sets of sewn up flaps, which are enough to sew in the right order. There are also primitive schemes for sewing the same scarves, bedspreads, pillowcases. For beginners - this is the best option.
A separate patchwork technique - a huge amount. They are created now. The most popular among them:
- American square;
- a pineapple.
The same labyrinth, for example, was originally invented in Russia. A little later, a chess player appeared, which is executed identically, but from strips of two different colors( on white, gray or beige canvas).
Patchwork patch with your own hands( video)
For beginners, it's better to start training with honeycombs or hexahedrons. This is simultaneously not an easy task, but not as easy as simple squares. The most difficult will be the preparation of a sketch and suitable flaps. And, of course, patchwork allows the connection of different techniques in one work. That's what makes technology different from simple cut. The master can combine different combinations of flaps, with a monotonous color or an already existing ornament. And in most cases the final fabric will look extremely attractive, despite the fact that the sketch for the most part is a chaotic combination of flaps without any symmetry.