At first glance it seems that growing vegetables in a greenhouse is a very simple matter. However, many inexperienced gardeners sigh bitterly, there is no need to expect a rich harvest. In fact, despite the obvious advantages of working in the greenhouse, there are particularities of growing vegetables in the greenhouse, which you need to know about beginner gardeners.
- Vegetable garden: growing zucchini in the greenhouse
- Everything for the farmer: how to pick up greenhouses and greenhouses for vegetables
- Growing up the arugula in the greenhouse: how and when
- Which varieties of vegetables for the greenhouse are more suitableTotal
- What else can you grow in a greenhouse
- Growing vegetables in a glasshouse made of polycarbonate in winter
- Zucchini in a greenhouse( video)
A garden without worries: growing zucchini in a greenhouse
Usuallyyutnye place in the greenhouse tomatoes give pampered and capricious pepper. An unpretentious zucchini can grow comfortably on a regular bed. But the cultivation in the greenhouse has many advantages.
Advantages of greenhouse zucchini:
- Have a more delicate taste;
- For 1-2 weeks ripen before the vegetable from the bed;
- A rich harvest.
In addition, in greenhouses, zucchini is less sick and less likely to be attacked by pests.
To begin with, a farmer must choose a variety of vegetables. In a confined space, it will best be compact cluster hybrids. Places they occupy little, and yield is no less.
Please note, for closed ground there are different grades and hybrids. For the sake of convenience, plants that do not have spiny growths on the petioles should be chosen.
In the greenhouse there must be ventilation pans.
To make it easier for the farmer to take care of the plants, it is better to make a wide passage between the beds.
To increase the yield of zucchini in the greenhouse, it is necessary:
- Make the soil more nutritious by adding compost and ash;
- Do not use preparations with chlorine;
- Mulching the soil. The procedure helps to accelerate the process of ripening the vegetable, and also maintains the moisture level.
Regular airing will ensure that there is no dampness, which zucchini do not like. Ideally, the humidity should be 60-70%, and the temperature in the daytime should be 24-26ºC.At night, the thermometer in the greenhouse should show 14-15ºC.At the beginning of the flowering of the vegetable, it is not watered for several days, giving the soil a little dry.
All for the farmer: how to pick greenhouses and greenhouses for vegetables
Ogorodniki know with what irresistible force they are drawn to the dacha in the spring. Trying to plant all sorts of vegetables and grow a rich crop is not an easy task. Sooner or later the summer resident is wondering, maybe it's time to think about a greenhouse or a greenhouse?Which constructions are better?
Greenhouses are small structures. The device is simple, most often its height does not exceed 1.3 meters. To access the crop, you need to remove the greenhouse film, since the door in the structure is not provided for. Artificial heating is not used, only natural. Basically, the building is needed to grow seedlings, it is inconvenient to look after adult plants in the greenhouse. Constructions are portable and stationary. In addition, with the help of greenhouses gardeners proudly show to all neighbors the early vegetables, on the garden that would ripen much longer. Experienced gardeners are able to construct a hotbed with their own hands, as the assembly technology is quite simple.
The varieties of greenhouses - more complex buildings, much more.
They differ :
- By the type of coating( glass, polycarbonate, film);
- By size and shape;
- For additional functions( presence of heating, lighting, hydroponic systems, etc.).
The production of polycarbonate greenhouses has become popular, as it is possible to grow vegetables all the year round, including in winter. If the seeds in the greenhouse die, then in the greenhouse construction, you can carry out all the work, regardless of the time of year.
Vegetable glass hothouse is heavier, it should have a strong frame.
Cultivation of arugula in a greenhouse: how and when
Such unusual fresh and spicy flavor of arugula was liked by chefs from many countries. Slightly sharp and a bitter bitter shade becomes an excellent addition in various dishes from pizza to all kinds of salads.
There are sorts of one-year-olds that are easy to grow at home or on the backyard. From the early - this is the variety of poker and rococo, the harvest of which is collected 25 days after planting and the seeds have risen.
Average-grade varieties :
These vegetables are ready for collection on day 35 after germination.
No special care for arugula. Salad, like other plants, watered, weeded. Vegetables like water, so watering should be done every two days. Otherwise, it should not be added to food, it will be bitter.
Advice for beginning farmers: to improve the taste of salad, you need a certain planting - try to maintain a distance between seeds of about 25-30 cm.
PlantRukka can be at home in the pot. Salad is not attractive, the main thing is to provide it with light. The task of the horticulturist is not to give flowers to blossom, otherwise the leaves of the plant will lose their tenderness and their unique taste.
Planting these plants in greenhouse conditions should not cause problems. First of all, they dig up the soil, make beds and moisten the soil. At the same time, it is not necessary to fertilize it. Plant seeds in moist soil at a distance of about 25-35 cm from each other, to a depth of 1 cm
Despite the fact that arugula is a light-loving plant, the excess of light for it is disastrous. Carefully watch the lighting, otherwise the salad will quickly wither. The optimum temperature for growing is 16-18ºC, the salad can tolerate freezing up to -7ºC.
Which varieties of vegetables for the greenhouse are the most suitable
There are varieties of plants that feel better in the hothouse conditions. Accordingly, and the harvest of the gardener will be rich. For example, tomatoes are easier to grow in a greenhouse, because they love heat. What kind of variety to choose?It all depends on the plan of the gardener: does he want to boast of a large crop, or wants to try the early vegetables.
The most productive types of tomatoes are :
- "Pink raisins";
- "De Barao".
From early ripe it is necessary to distinguish varieties: "Druzhok", "Typhoon", "Ilich".Hurried will be Hurricane, Samara, Mishka in the North and Joy of the Summer.
What else can you grow in a greenhouse
You can get a crop of early potatoes only in a greenhouse. On ordinary beds, the vegetable will have a hard time because of the spring invasion of the Colorado beetle. Of the early varieties of potatoes are allocated "Riviera", "Zhukovsky early."
Modern varieties of aubergines are mainly grown only in greenhouse conditions. On vegetable beds, a Colorado beetle destroys a vegetable, and harmful pesticides, by which they are processed to be beaten by an insect, negatively affect human health.
Care for such a vegetable as broccoli is not easy even in a greenhouse. In the hothouse design, it is recommended to plant early cabbage, "Tonus" or "Lazar" varieties. Particular attention is paid to the temperature regime( t not higher than 20 ° C) and air humidity.
Growing beets in a greenhouse is possible if you select the correct variety. Experienced gardeners advise to take a closer look at such varieties as "Bordeaux", "Detroit" or "Ataman".
You can get an early crop of carrots in the greenhouse if you plant "Mokush or Minicore."
Growing vegetables in a polycarbonate greenhouse in winter
Polycarbonate structures enjoy fame among experienced farmers. Here you can grow not only vegetables, but also fruits and berries. For example, watermelon and melon.
There are modern greenhouses for large farms - huge complexes, for the creation of which innovative technologies were used.
Before planting seeds, the greenhouse is prepared: level the soil, if necessary( if the soil is depleted) add organic and mineral substances to it.
is used as fertilizer:
The winter greenhouse of polycarbonate should be equipped with a quality frame, windows and doors for ventilation.
Compare the various models of designs will clearly help the table and pictures to it. You can write out several types of greenhouses, and evaluate their characteristics. And only then make a choice in favor of this or that model.
Squash in the greenhouse( video)
Self-installing the greenhouse can take many days. But the proponents of construction on their own, experts advise to watch video courses on how to properly install the structure on the backyard.