bonsai ficus - a growing small copies of larger trees. This is a whole art, taking its roots from the eastern countries. With some plants, it is easier to work with others. They are grown in accordance with certain rules and canons. A dwarf version of a tree can not only be bought, but also made by hand.
- Styles and the main varieties of the Japanese art of bonsai
- Ficus benjamina bonsai: general information
- basic care rules: ficus bonsai
- How to grow bonsai ficus( video)
StylesAnd the main varieties of Japanese bonsai art
The art of bonsai is divided into several types of plants.
They differ on certain grounds, the main ones being:
- continuous flowering;
- Spring Disclosure Period;
- Seasonal flying beauty;
- Plants with unusual form of trunks or branches.
The selection of styles is based on the selected species of ficus.
The first and simplest form is the right upright, it is also called Tekkan. This style is characterized by straight lines, thus it is the easiest for those who are just beginning to master Japanese art. It is characterized by a conical trunk, growing straight and massive roots, spreading in all directions.
The next is the kind of incorrect upright( Moyogi).This variety differs from the previous type, the bend of the tree trunk. There may be several distortions, but they decrease towards the top. Roots in this style should be seen on the surface, and the crown does not protrude beyond the edge of the pot.
Sokan does not need a specific description. Its distinctive feature is two trunks growing from one root. One of which is taller and thicker than the other. Also, in this form, there may be several branches from the common root system.
The grove( Eswaye) differs from other styles in that in this case several plants of the same species are grown in one pot. It is often allowed to plant different types of bonsai, they must be at least five.
Ficus benjamin, bonsai: general information
Ficus will be a good choice for those who just want to start practicing Japanese art. He is unpretentious in the care, and will easily get the necessary skills and experience that would move to more complex and traditional types of trees.
Branches should be placed evenly and rotate, and the crown to be tapered. Ficus Benjamin differs from others in that it is very brittle and does not tolerate winding wires. Although in some cases, you can try to tie young shoots. At the same time, he is remarkably tolerant of pruning, and easily gives shoots.
After planting, the bonsai can be followed as an ordinary room flower. After a few months, you only need to bare the roots and trim the tree crown.
Ficus microcarp, bonsai: growing technique
Ficus microcarp is similar in structure to Benjamin tree. It differs from its counterpart in the form of leaves. This variety of plant quickly enough forms the root system and is great for growing bonsai from it. This ficus is characterized by a thin and smooth crust, which is easily traumatized. It does not need to be watered often, the main thing is to take care of good lighting.
In the absence of proper processing, the following problems may occur:
- The leaves fall and darken, there are spots or foliage. This is a sign that there is a lot of moisture in the soil and roots begin to rot;
- If, on the contrary, the tree sheds foliage, it is a sign of a lack of water;
- Twisted and dark foliage, a sign of a burn of a plant;
- Insufficient air humidity in the room can lead to a spider mite.
If such problems occur, then they can be solved quite easily. Identify the deviation from the norm, help photos and the Internet. To date, there is a lot of literature, as an alternative, you can visit the master class.
Basic care rules: bonsai ficus
There are different types and forms of bonsai. Almost any tree can be grown in miniature and it's easy enough to do at home.
To do this, select one of the following plant species:
- Ginseng or ginseng
- Carica or fig;
- Rusty red;
Each tree from this list is great for creating a miniature copy in the Japanese style. It is only necessary to properly care and step by step following all instructions, to form a mini copy of the tree. There are many varieties of bonsai and each requires patience and proper care, whether it's a ficus or a Taiwanese bonsai.
Formation begins with the pruning of the crown, which is best carried out in the winter while the plant is at rest. In this case, the bonsai will lose the minimum amount of juice. In summer and spring, only large leaves and young shoots can be cut, this helps to regulate the size and growth of foliage. With the help of a wire, it is possible to form any bonsai, as the ficus preserves its elasticity to old age.
Young plants should be transplanted once a year. For an adult plant, it must be done once every few years. All this must be observed for the normal growth of the tree.
Dangerous to all plants can be excess moisture or its lack. In the first case, the crown of the tree darkens, becomes covered with spots and possibly rotting roots. If the plant does not have enough water it can discard the foliage. But all this is fixable, if suddenly bonsai dropped all of his leaves, it must be watered and monitored more closely.
How to grow bonsai ficus( video)
Ficuses are not very whimsical, just as simple and caring for it. Observing all the rules and directions, you can grow a wonderful bonsai, which will decorate the house.