Pine bonsai is a tree that grows according to a certain algorithm. As a result, a dwarf plant is used, used for decorative purposes. Special importance of the tree is not. The main goal of an amateur horticulturist is to grow a small copy that is completely like Japanese art. How to do it?
- Bonsai pine: choose wood
- Bonsai pine: landing technique
- Pine black, bonsai: correct formation
- Bonsai growing: trunk and skeleton branches
- How to grow pine bonsai:Year the first( video)
- Examples of bonsai pine( photo)
Bonsai made of pine: choose wood
Any tree can be used as a plant for a bonsai. The main thing is to follow a certain algorithm of cultivation. It is recommended to give preference to plants that freely hibernate on the open ground. This will preserve the decorative element at any time of the year in an unchanged form.
Pine is a special Japanese color. A miniature tree will decorate the garden and become its main highlight. Experienced gardeners recommend choosing a mountain type plant. It is not large in size( this is in case it does not happen to grow a dwarf miniature).
The most common trees grown in bonsai style are:
- Apple trees;
With proper pruning, the plant will be pleased with its appearance all year round. In addition to fruit trees, you can choose any options that normally get along with the cold. For the southern regions, it is appropriate to use cedar, boxwood and cotoneaster.
Bonsai pine from pine: landing technique
The technique of planting ordinary pine requires a certain algorithm of action. This will achieve maximum effect and improve the "viability" of the plant. It is recommended to grow a tree outdoors. The main task is to bring the living conditions of the garden plant closer to container living. This procedure implies the maximum restriction of root growth. This leads to oppression of the upper part of the tree, due to which it acquires a dwarfish appearance.
The landing technique includes the following steps:
- Tree selection;
- Excavation of the pit;
- Placing of stone or concrete;
- Shelter of a hard layer with a special primer;
- Gradual annual circumcision of roots.
For this action, it is necessary to prune the root system. Experts recommend to make a bias on the central root. Then proceed to dig a hole in which the future bonsai will be located. At the bottom is laid out concrete or a wide stone. The solid foundation is densely covered with earth.
The first stage involves the rooting of a tree, so you should not touch the roots. Circumcision begins with the subsequent spring, but it should not be complete, because the plant needs to eat from the soil. In the first year, only a quarter of the roots can be cut, the next - repeat the procedure. In many cases, with the correct algorithm of actions, the wintering of the plant is favorable.
Pine black, bonsai: the correct formation
When the tree is planted, it is fashionable to proceed with the formation of the trunk and the roots. This is the most important event in all bonsai technique. On the photo in the network you can see a lot of interesting dwarf plants that were grown by certain actions.
The main activity is pruning and nipping. These actions allow you to give the plant the desired shape. Pruning is carried out only once a year, mainly in the spring or late winter. Action does not require haste. Every year it is necessary to clean up a quarter of the roots, so as not to ruin the plant.
The main principles of the formation are:
- Artificial aging.
Pinschip is held several times during the summer. The procedure allows to achieve growth of new shoots, which give small leaves. The art of bonsai is a complex science, including stratification. The plant should get used to the harsh winter days. The main task of the gardener is the artificial aging of the tree. If to justify it in simple words, then even the youngest plant should look like it's not one hundred years old.
Cultivation of bonsai: the trunk and skeletal branches
To form a dwarf tree, in the garden area, you must follow a certain procedure.
It is based on six consecutive stages:
- Identification of the front;
- Selection of the branch - the future leader;
- Forming an acute angle;
- Removal of strapping;
- Trimming trunk above the formed branch;
- Increase the thickness of the barrel.
Before starting the procedure, it is necessary to thoroughly inspect the base and determine the front part. Then choose one of the branches and wind it to the trunk, this will create an acute angle. After a while the twig will get used to its new position, at this stage it is released from the winding. After 2-3 years the barrel is cut above it. The operation is repeated more than once, until the branch completely covers the base.
Black pine has an attractive appearance and the necessary data for further changes. However, without a thickening of the trunk is impossible to do. For these purposes, a top is used, this is a strong shoot that grows from the base and is characterized by a vertical position. It needs to be grown and completely cut out.
How to grow a pine bonsai: year one( video)
The formation of an average tree takes 5-7 years. This is a long process, not accepting errors. The correct cultivation tactic allows to achieve the optimal shape of the tree. Examples