Make a balcony a living space - an idea that for sure at least once came to all owners of apartments with a balcony. Organize some changes with your own hands, if necessary - glaze, insulate, and make from the room a small room for tea or something like a study. But there is one "but" - it's condensation on the balcony in the cold season. What if he appeared?
Why condensation appeared on the balcony or balcony
It can be noticeable only in the cold season. In the summer it is not formed due to the fact that the temperature is increased. In the autumn, glasses mist up only at night, and in the daytime they dry up again. The cause of condensation is usually the difference between external and internal temperatures. At night, the air cools down, and if water vapor accumulates on the balcony, it will settle in the form of dew on the surface of the glass.
If the balcony was not heated during cold weather, and the warm air accidentally fell on the loggia, this too can cause the very droplets on the glass. You, for example, opened the door to the balcony, and with the warm steam saturated with hot cold surfaces of the loggia or balcony. That is, walls, ceiling, windows. This interaction produces condensate.
Naturally, any additional source of moisture will increase the humidity percentage and lead to condensation on the balcony. And if you have repaired an unglazed balcony, making it glazed, and condensation appears now on the ceiling, then the preparatory work was incorrectly performed. That is, the cracks are improperly fixed and the frames are processed.
How to clean: sweat windows on the loggia, what to do
You need to act according to the occasion;Of course, you can solve the problem yourself. If only one side of the loggia / balcony is glazed, four other surfaces can be insulated. If the most part of the room is glazed, you need to see what kind of heating equipment is displayed on the balcony.
How to get rid of condensate:
- To prevent glass from sweating, they should be simply ventilated frequently. At least twice a day for 5-10 minutes, even in cold weather, open the windows on the balcony. This increases the percentage of oxygen in the air.
- Sealing joints and cracks, as well as warming the wall, will also help. Lock the joints with mounting foam, adhere the walls, for example, with foam foam. It is necessary to arrange some other decorative surfaces.
But not always the balcony can be insulated from the outside. Loggias on high floors have to be insulated from the inside, although this consumes a certain percentage of the useful area. The main thing is to warm it qualitatively, and of course, you need to give up smoking on the balcony. Firstly, it's just wrong, and secondly, the smoke is often eaten into the finish.
Ventilation: how to ventilate the balcony
The supply air is equipped either at the top of the wall or at the bottom, one of the two is usually selected. If the case is complex, and only one fan is small, one is placed at the top and the other, of course, at the bottom. What is it for?This will ensure natural convection of air, if necessary, the device is supplied with forced draft.
For work you will need a drill( you can also punch), and two fans( for one hole - one).
Then you do this:
- Drill the hole to the size of the fan;
- The fan is inserted into the hole - one fan is aimed at the air intake, respectively the other - for blowing;
- To change the direction of the fan motion, simply change the connection poles;
- Bottom, it turns out, the air will be blown from the loggia, and fresh air is blown from the top, from the street.
But in winter, cold air can still penetrate through the fan port. And then there are two solutions: make the system removable or somehow close the holes. You can also come up with some kind of shutter. And today there is a fan-extractor. These fans are supplied with plastic doors.
Window valve and ventilation on the balcony
There is another simple modern solution. You can install a special valve on the top of the window. This product made of PVC, similar to a narrow box, it is inserted in the gap between the leaf and the frame.
What is the principle of operation of this device:
- Fresh air from the street enters the duct of the box, then - to the loggia;
- Can be a universal valve or valve, consisting of two units - indoor and outdoor.
What are the advantages of such ventilation, such as low price, easy installation, availability. But there were some shortcomings. Not for every window structure it will work, or in some cases it will be necessary to deform the metal profile.
Lattices and diffusers on the loggia
This is the easiest way - to install a diffuser or grill on the loggia. The grill will simply let in fresh air from the side of the street. Only again, in winter, cold air will penetrate through this hole. Because of this, the grate is usually sealed from the outside.
But if you install a diffuser, there will be no such problems. The fact is that the design of the diffuser is both the adjustment of the air supply and the complete blockage of the flow, which, of course, is very practical in practice.
Diffusers are supply and exhaust. If the device is adjustable, there are blinds inside them, and they help to change the direction of the air. They are made of metal or plastic. Plastic themes are good that they do not rust, but metal devices come complete with an anti-vandal system.
How to make balconies( video)
This is the point - the choice of options, how to avoid condensation on the loggia and / or balcony, not so small. It is very important whether the balcony is properly glazed, whether the windows are sealed, etc. Do not forget about the elementary airing, it definitely does not hurt, you can just open the window while the family is on a walk, etc. Good choice!