choosing a ladder structure, particular attention should be paid balusters. These are elements that are vertical bars, which are located between the rails and steps( or oblique).The baluster for the stairs not only supports the railing, but also ensures the construction of safety. In addition, the support posts are a valuable element of the decor. That's why manufacturers are trying to provide a wide selection of balusters, giving them an unusual shape and using different materials for manufacturing.
- difficult choice: the installation of handrails or stairs without banisters
- What is the difference balusters metal stair from wood
- Steel and iron balusters for
- stairs Forged balusters for stairs: manufacturing methods
- Cast iron balustersFor stairs: advantages of using
- Dimensions of baluster for stairs: design and installation features
- Optimum height of baluster for stairs
- What should be the distance betweenin balusters stairs
- How is the baluster stair( video)
- Beautiful balusters for stairs( photo options)
difficult choice: the installation of handrails or stairs without banisters
Standard staircase leading to the upper floor of the house, meansThe presence of handrails and supporting balusters. However, in modern projects, they are increasingly abandoning their usual designs, striving to introduce novelty into interiors.
Custom solutions for design of stair openings can be divided into two types:
- Installing solid fences made of wood, plastic or glass;
- Refusal of any dampers and handrails.
solid walls look unusual and impressive. Such a ladder will not cause fear even for people who have problems with movement. The absence of a handrail gives the structure of lightness. The staircase looks original and stylish. However, when deciding on such a design move, it is worth remembering the possible consequences.
Traveling on a ladder without fencing is unsafe. It is better not to install such a structure, especially if there are small children and old people in the house.
The ladder with handrails is the simplest, but from this no less beautiful, reliable and safe. Moreover, modern production allows us to manufacture designs of any shape and size, using different materials. Very popular are balusters made of wood and metal.
What distinguishes metal baluster for stairs from wooden
For the production of metal balusters, iron, steel or cast iron are most often used. The performance of materials and the variety of options explain the high demand for this type of staircase.
The main advantage of metal balusters is the possibility of installation both indoors and outdoors. The structure of this material is resistant to environmental changes, durability and ease of maintenance.
for processing materials and giving them the required form is used two ways:
In addition, balusters are manufactured in combined versions. For example, the base of the structure can be made of metal, and the core is made of wood. Or vice versa.
Steel and iron railings for stairs
The most demanded are balusters made of iron and stainless steel, which are installed not only on stairs, but also on balconies and terraces. The columns from this metal are very popular because of their high performance properties.
The advantages of stainless steel balusters are:
- Simplicity of manufacture;
- High resistance to corrosion;
Iron has a lower corrosion resistance than stainless steel. However, this problem is easily solved using special protective coatings.
In addition, the iron is well liable to forging, which allows you to produce sophisticated refined balusters. Such elements will become a real decoration for the entire staircase.
Glass balusters are still very popular, carved wooden, with stainless steel or with marble.
Forged baluster for stairs: manufacturing methods
Forged balusters are made of soft metal, most often iron or copper.
There are two ways of processing the material:
- Hot forging;
- Cold forging.
first method involves heating the metal to a high temperature at which the material acquires the desired shape. In this case the baluster gets a more refined shape.
The second method involves the manufacture of an element by cutting the workpiece and welding the necessary decorative elements to it. This method is cheaper and simpler: an uncomplicated design can be made independently.
Cast iron baluster for stairs: advantages of using
Cast iron balusters add to the interior of luxury and some romanticism. Such a design will become the main element of the decor, which attracts all attention.
One of the main advantages of cast iron balusters is resistance to atmospheric precipitation and heavy loads. Therefore, this type of metal elements can be installed on the street, for example, on the porch.
Among the advantages of using balusters made of cast iron and can be distinguished:
- Resistance to mechanical damage.
The disadvantage can be called only the complexity of installation. The installation of the elements is best entrusted to specialists who possess the necessary knowledge and special tools.
Dimensions of baluster for stairs: features of construction and installation
Dimensions of balusters can be almost any, the main thing is that the ladder design looked harmonious.
The recommended thickness of the baluster is 4 to 8 cm.
The choice of the type of attachment is based on the weight of the structure. The weight of the baluster depends on the material from which it is made. Manufacturers of staircases usually provide all the components, so the buyer rarely has to deal with this problem.
manufacturers offer the following types of attachments:
- Anchor( single);
- Flanged( flange is fixed with screws);
- Special fixation against vandals.
Anchor bolt fixing is used for the installation of lightweight structures. Concreting is used to install heavy elements, for example, cast iron. Antivandal fixation is used when installing street staircases.
Optimum height of the baluster for stairs
When buying a baluster, you should always take into account its dimensions, especially the height. Correctly chosen sizes of all elements of the design will ensure its comfortable use.
The standard height of the balusters is 80 cm. The handrail, located at such a distance from the floor, is considered the most convenient to use.
However, the choice of baluster should be based on your own preferences. If the given standard sizes correspond to personal needs, you can focus on them. The permissible height varies from 65 cm to 1, 5 meters. Larger elements will make the staircase bulky.
What should be the distance between the balusters of the
? The distance between the guard columns is calculated based on their size and total number.
In houses where there are small children, the interval between the balusters should be from 8 to 10 cm. This distance ensures the construction of safety: the child can not fall through the columns of the fence.
Balusters having an optimal thickness of 4 - 8 cm are installed with an interval of 12 - 15 cm.
How to install baluster for stairs( video)
Baluster is the most important element of the staircase. Manufactured from metal by various processing methods, this part will make the construction durable and safe. However, one should not think only about performance: you should take care of the appearance of balusters. Correctly chosen dimensions and design of the part will help the supporting element harmoniously fit into the interior of the house. A simple construction of railings and balusters can be made independently, using forging or finished metal elements.