The ladder in the private house occupies an important place, as it is simply necessary for carrying out the required construction, repair and installation works. Most often you can find a metal or wooden version. The ladder is characterized by the fact that it has a one-piece, non-separable structure, so no additional fasteners are required for its manufacture. That is why, it is much easier to make it than a folding and folding structure.
- Functional wooden ladder
- How to make an attached wooden ladder yourself: design features
- Self-made ladder made of wood: processing and painting
- How are wooden ladder ladders made: GOST
- FunctionalWooden ladder with own hands: drawings( video)
Functional wooden ladder
IzgIt is quite possible to develop a solid and safe ladder from the tree independently, the most important thing is to apply absolutely little effort and to choose the right wood.
It is worth noting that a wooden ladder is quite possible to perform on its own, most importantly:
- Pick up wood;
- Carry out calculations;
- Make a project drawing.
The tree is considered to be a fairly simple material in the processing and assembly of the structure, and it does not require a lot of additional materials, just paintAnd varnish. With proper use and care of the product, it can last for a long time without any problems. The most commonly used for the manufacture of stairs is softwood.
However, in order for it to last for the longest time, it is best to use the ladder:
When selecting the beams, it is necessary to take into account that they should be perfectly even, there should be no unevenness, damage, cracks on their surface, and also care should be taken not to stick the glue. When manufacturing a ladder, you need to consider what it will be like. If the height of the ladder is less than 3 meters, then the bars, the cross section of which is only 40x50 mm, will do. If the height of the ladder is more than 3 meters, then the beam dimensions should be 40x80 mm. Steps can be made of wood of any kind.
For steps, a bar with a section of 35x40 mm is ideal. Before the beginning of the work on the ladders, all the details must be carefully treated with an antiseptic, as this will help prevent the rotting process. In addition, this will help increase the lifespan of the ladder.
How to make an attached wooden ladder yourself: design features
The production of a wooden ladder does not take much time, as all the required work can be done in the shortest possible time. In the manufacture of such a design, the most important thing is to correctly carry out all the required calculations, and also to prepare materials and tools.
In particular such as:
- Self-tapping screws;
- Construction adhesive;
The optimal size of the construction will be 4600x500 mm, as it will be strong enough, stable and convenient to operate. The steps must be carefully fixed in special grooves of the string. Support posts must be fastened from above and below, every two meters of the ladder. When constructing a structure, it is necessary to use special reinforcement attachments, especially if the staircase is installed in a soft ground during work. In this case, special pads equipped with pins are put on.
Special hooks can be installed on the top of the stairs, which guarantee a much better fastening.
When assembling a ladder, you need to take into account that the bottom should be slightly wider than the top. It will be optimal if the bottom is 40 cm and the top is 30 cm. Before mounting the steps to the prepared supports, you need to make a preliminary marking, and to put the numbers on the steps themselves. This will, if necessary, quickly repair and replace the damaged step.
Important!Before you start all the required work, you must draw a drawing, as this guarantees the reliability and strength of the structure being manufactured.
Self-made ladder made of wood: processing and painting
Having made a ladder made of natural wood, it is necessary to carry out careful processing and painting of the finished product.
The ladder is processed without fail, as it allows:
- Protect the wood from rotting;
- Increase reliability;
- Increase the service life.
According to safety regulations, the use of oil paints for staining of ladder ladders is strictly prohibited. The use of oil paint to stain the stairs makes it steep enough slippery, which is dangerous, especially when performing work at height. Instead of oil paint, it is best to use linseed oil. It must be applied to the entire surface of the wood, preferably in several layers, and then, after completely drying, cover the product with a colorless varnish. The adhesion can be significantly increased by applying a primer on the step surface, which can be of several types.
Pre-treatment and painting of wood will avoid swelling and warping caused by atmospheric precipitation. To ensure that during the processing the paint is not clogged with the slots of the screws, it is best to unscrew them, and after completing all the procedures, screw it back. The paint is very simple to apply and for this you can use a brush or roller.
How wooden ladders are manufactured: GOST
An additional ladder is needed in every private house, as it is a very convenient and practical design for lifting to a great height when carrying out construction, installation and repair work. You can buy a ready-made staircase or make it yourself, which is quite simple and does not take much time. When manufacturing the ladder, it is absolutely necessary to strictly observe all the GOST standards, as well as carry out the required calculations, as this will make the construction really reliable and safe to operate.
According to the GOST standards for the manufacture of stairs, it is necessary to take into account such factors as:
- Product height;
- Distance between mountings;
- Composition of the coating.
The optimum height of the ladder should not be more than 5 meters, the angle of ascent should not be more than 60 degrees. After the ladder is made, all the required tests must be carried out to ensure that it is reliable and durable for all individual components. In addition, all required tests in accordance with existing regulations should be held once a year.
Functional wooden ladder with its own hands: drawings( video)
Ladder ladders made of wood occupy a special place in the house, as they are simply indispensable for the performance of the required work at height.