If the suspended ceilings can only be installed with the help of specialists, the rack or gypsum cardboard ceiling can be installed independently, significantly saving your budget.
- How to make false ceilings: details of craftsmanship
- Making a false ceiling with our own hands
- How to make a false ceiling
- How to make a decorative ceiling finish
- How to make a suspended ceiling with your own hands( video)
What are suspended ceilings made from: the finer points of craftsmanship
Suspended ceilings are the most common method for finishing ceilings today. It is advantageous for the price, it is available to carry out by own hands, the ceilings for a long time retain a good appearance, they can be installed in different rooms and rooms, the main thing is to choose the optimal covering of the suspended ceiling for the room. Suspended ceilings are similar to each other suspended structure, which is fixed throughout the ceiling area in order to hold the facing materials.
But the facing materials differ from each other by the material of manufacture, the method of installation and appearance.
Types of suspended ceilings
- Cassette and lattice;
The plasterboard ceiling is also considered hanging, because the installation of facing materials is carried out on a frame structure. But unlike other types, the plasterboard ceiling requires decorative finishing with putty and paint after installation.
The main feature in the installation of suspended ceilings is that they are all attached to the frame that is mounted to the draft ceiling, only the structure of the frame itself is different.
For rack, tile, panel, cassette, lattice and gypsum cardboard ceiling, the suspended ceiling frame is installed along its entire perimeter onto load-bearing profiles, after that, the framework profiles are distributed evenly over the entire surface of the ceiling. Suspension for the suspended ceiling is slightly different, it is mounted only along the perimeter of the ceiling surface and the edges of the tension web are attached to it.
We make a suspended ceiling with our own hands
The suspended ceiling can be designed and installed by our own hands, if you know the rules and principles of mounting the frame and lining materials. The suspended ceiling is a metal structure, which is attached to the ceiling and walls, and serves as the basis for the facing material, holding it.
Before you start the independent finishing of the ceiling, you need to do some preparatory activities.
- Decide on the type of lining materials, with their required quantity;
- Calculate the area of the ceiling surface and the number of necessary materials for the frame;
- Prepare a rough ceiling, having previously cleaned it from an incrustation, paint, wallpaper and other finishing materials that may lag behind with time;
- Provide yourself with all the tools and materials you need to work.
When the area of the ceiling surface is measured, it is necessary to calculate the amount of materials for the frame and for finishing. Expect the material better with a small margin, than then lack the right material. Ceiling surfaces are often uneven, so the length should be measured at the longest edge, after securing the frame, the excess length of the profile can be cut off.
Next, you need to prepare the surface of the ceiling to install the frame. The ceiling must be cleaned by removing the old covering from it. This will facilitate the installation of the structure of the frame and prevent the collapse of the old coating.
After the preparatory work, armed with all the necessary tools and materials, you can start decorating the ceiling.
With metal profiles for the skeleton of a false ceiling, you need to handle very carefully. They must be carefully transported, do not allow the formation of bends, bumps and other damages. Damaged profiles need to be replaced with whole, otherwise the design will come out uneven, it will be difficult to make the installation of facing materials, such a ceiling will not withstand the weight of the finishing materials.
How to make a suspended ceiling from gypsum board( video)
How to make a suspended ceiling
Step-by-step installation instructions for a suspended ceiling help to make a suspended ceiling by yourself, without the help of specialists. The first step in creating a false ceiling is the leveling of the false ceiling according to the level of the old ceiling, the walls and the height of the room. The marking of the ceiling level is carried out using the building level, chalk or pencil and roulette. With the help of a level, at the highest point of the walls it is necessary to draw a shallow line in the horizontal direction. Then, using a roulette and chalk, you need to map the lowest point, and on the walls, to chart the level of the new ceiling with a horizontal line, this will be the guide for the installation of the frame.
After marking, you can proceed with the installation of the frame, you will need:
- Screws, dowels or anchors;
On the perimeter of the upper horizontal line, which is marked on the walls, the guides are fastened by means of dowels, piles or self-tapping screws. After that, a markup is made for the installation of load-bearing profiles. From the edge of the guide profile, using a tape measure and a chalk at an equal distance, the future position of the bearing guides is indicated, and then fastened with dowels to the surface. The height of the frame is regulated by the suspensions, which are attached to the base ceiling.
During the installation of the frame, consider the area for lighting, you can remove the wires, install the lamp holder. After installing the frame, you need to check its height according to the marks and the level of the walls using the building level. If irregularities and protrusions are observed, the distance is reduced by means of suspensions, adjusting them.
After installing the profiles, the strength of its fastening to the ceiling surface is checked, as well as the coupling of the profiles to each other. If the structure is mounted correctly, unevenness is not detected and the frame, tested for strength, you can begin to finish with facing materials. To the frame are attached slabs, panels, slats, gypsum boards and other finishing materials, make decorative decoration.
How the decorative finish of the ceiling is made
How to install the carcass and the decorative exterior finish of the ceiling can be done by yourself. On the panel and tile ceilings can be seen joints to successfully hide them, use a finishing tape or rail. At the joints, the tape is applied and fixed, in a vertical and horizontal direction, forming a stylish finish of the ceiling surface. Additional costs and work requires finishing the plasterboard ceiling.
- Water-based paint.
Spatulating the joints of gypsum boards, it is necessary to fill the holes with a cap from the screws so that the surface is perfectly even.
Drywall surface is concealed with a primer, the putty aligns the joints, comparing them with the rest of the surface. Prepared for painting the surface can be painted.
How to make a hinged ceiling with your own hands( video)
Drywall sheets perfectly look on the ceiling in any color, you can safely experiment, repaint. Suspended ceilings are long-term in the service and are easy to install, having installed a stretch ceiling at home or in the office, you can forget about repair work for ten years.