Vertical landscaping with vines

Functions of vertical landscaping

The rapid growth of ornamental plants, a variety of colors and shapes makes it possible to implement almost any design ideas. But in addition to the original design, a number of other functions are implemented with the help of vertical landscaping.

  • Performs decorative properties, helps disguise unsightly outbuildings or utility rooms.
  • The system of vertical landscaping allows to regulate the thermal regime, thereby preventing unnecessary heating of the walls.
  • An optimum microclimate is created, as some protection from wind, sun and noise is carried out.
  • A certain ecological space for fauna is formed, and the surrounding area is enriched with oxygen.

Technology of vertical landscaping with liana

The most popular plants for vertical landscaping of the site are lianas , because they have an extraordinary range of colors and shapes. Plus, they can wrap almost any support, clinging to air roots, stems, antennae and young shoots

. Most commonly used are the following types of annual and perennial lianas: ivy, clematis clematis, climbing roses, actinidia acute, actinidia colomictus, morning glory, maiden grapes, whitewash, hedera winding, melody, woodworm, kirkazon. Therefore, let's talk about how to do vertical landscaping with your own hands using lianas.

When planting lianas it is worth considering some rules. First of all, a hole is pulled out, which should be deep enough( minimum 60 cm in width and length).To the bottom as a drain lay clay or rubble. It is also recommended to use soil mixers, which must necessarily contain 100-200 mg / l of nutrients. If the soil is poor, it is important to add fertilizers in a ratio of 1: 1: 1 from sod land, sand and peat. Plus it is necessary to add organic composts and mineral fertilizers of the "Kemira-universal" type.

Saplings are best used 2-3 years of age, which are grown in special containers and should not show signs of disease. Before placing the roots, it is worth placing a perforated tube in the pit for fertilizing and watering. You can also use the cutoff of the drainage pipe. Install it must be strictly vertical at the edge of the pit. After planting, you only need to prune and dress. The first pruning is done in early June, the second in autumn.

Supports for lianas

Vertical landscaping with their own hands involves not only the planting of lianas, but also the installation of supports. They are needed in order to support climbing plants. Roughly speaking, the creepers "creep" through them. Meanwhile, the supports must be strong enough and reliable, as later the lianas reach a height of more than 3 meters and have considerable weight. For perennial lianas advised to make a support in stainless steel. For annual or not having a big weight it is possible to make a support from plastic, polypropylene, bamboo or wood.

Depending on the type of vines, the shape of the support is selected. For clinging leguminous lianas, wrought iron gratings, wooden trellises, which are made of thin slats, are well suited. Vertical sticks( tubes) will be ideal for vines crocheting, which have a diameter of about 2-3 centimeters or thick metal( synthetic) ropes. Painted water pipes or bamboo racks will also be good.