From time immemorial, our ancestors used local lianas-climbing plants that were characteristic for this climatic zone for the planting of buildings. In the middle latitudes of temperate climate, the most common were hop, lemon grass, wild grapes, nightshade, clematis, moon seed, bryony and even garden beans or sweet peas. In the warmer climate of the south of the country, ivy, wisteria and some varieties of climbing roses were used to plant the walls.
The green winding wall protected the houses from damp( withholding rain and snow), from winds and overheating. And with the advent of cars and the expansion of production, it also prevented the penetration of gassed air, create an even microclimate inside the building and aesthetic design in pleasant to the human eye paints. After all, there is nothing more natural for a living being than the beauty of fresh greens, natural shades of flowers and a fragrant natural fragrance!
The planting of the facades is not very difficult, the main thing is to observe two conditions: to choose the right crops and to plant them in suitable soil.
For planting single-storey buildings it is perfectly permissible to use plants that are characterized by shoots from 1.5-2 to 5 m:
Greening the facade of a house in 2-3 floors implies the use of crops with longer shoots. For example, perennial hops or grapes( wild, girlish, varietal) give shoots in length about six meters.
To achieve good growth, optimal development and abundant beautiful flowering, plants should be planted in nutrient soil. It does not matter if you produce landscaping of a country house or a private house within a megacity, if the soil along the walls does not differ in fertility, it must be taken out to a depth of 0.5-0.6 m and replaced with a fertilized "fat" land.
Also, to get the best result - a beautiful green curtain - it is worth sticking to planting rules. Annual beans are planted at a distance of 20-25 cm, fragrant peas - 10-20 cm, convolvulus through 15-20 cm, nasturtium - 20-35 cm, and Japanese hops through 25-35 cm. The norms of planting perennials are significantly different, because theyare capable of greatly expanding, so the optimal distance between them is from 75 centimeters to one meter.
Landscaping around the house is popular not only among owners of private plots, but also among residents of high-rise buildings, as well as employees of public and office buildings. In urban conditions, it is very difficult to obtain a permit to dig a trench to plant the plants along the walls of the building. Therefore, the method of planting in boxes or flower beds of one and a half to two meters in length and up to 40 centimeters in height is used. In the same way, it is permissible to plant greenery on balconies and loggias of higher floors, which do not get a shadow from land plantations. For this purpose, a special enriched primer is used.
Pridomovoe gardening in any conditions requires careful care - watering and fertilizing. To moisten the soil in pots or soil near the root of free-growing plants, the most important is drip irrigation. Ground plants are watered to the full saturation of the soil as often as possible - 1 time in 2-3 days. Feeding is introduced after watering or rain, followed by loosening the still moist soil.