Pool using a film by one's own hands

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The construction of swimming pools in suburban areas has recently become a fashion trend. Demand of people to the conditions of rest today is getting higher and higher. In addition, it is often difficult to find an attractive pond near the dacha. In the construction market, there are now a huge number of firms that are engaged in the construction of turn-key swimming pools. However, it is also possible to build a pool using a film by oneself.

Swimming pool, decorated with azure PVC film

Swimming pool, trimmed with azure PVC film

What are the types of swimming pools suitable for country areas

? For the construction of the villa you can use two different types of pools. One of them is a collapsible structure of sheet metal, and the second is stationary, from which the bowl is made of monolithic concrete. Demountable structures have the advantage that they can be dismantled and moved to another place at any time quickly enough. It is not difficult to make a bowl of a demountable basin independently. However, for its internal sheathing will require the use of special PVC film.

The demountable design has one drawback - it is not large dimensions that do not allow the use of additional hydraulic equipment. More difficult in the construction is a stationary pool, since for its construction it is necessary to prepare a place, to develop a pit, to pour a bowl of concrete, which then still have to be mosaic, tile or the same PVC film. Most often, a film is used to protect the surface of the bowl. The main advantage of the stationary design of swimming pools is its durability and reliability. In addition, the depth and shape of the bowl can be chosen arbitrarily.

If you decide to build a stationary pool using PVC film, then it's easiest to do it at all without using a bowl. To do this, it is enough to excavate a pit suitable for the size and shape to the required depth. Its bottom and walls need to be leveled and put a layer of PVC film on them. All the sheets of this coating are welded together. To prevent the film from deteriorating, the bottom of the pit should be covered with a layer of sand. The edges of the film, which extend to the banks of the reservoir, need to be firmly fixed. After this, it is necessary to refine the coastal zone and install the necessary equipment.

What is PVC film for the pool and its varieties

Polyvinylchloride film has not only aesthetic function, but also serves to create a waterproofing. This polymer product is completely unable to pass water through itself, therefore, when covering a concrete pool bowl, other types of waterproofing are not necessary. Even if cracks form in the concrete, such a film will not allow water to escape through them into the ground.

PVC film for swimming pools

PVC film for pools

Thanks to these properties, PVC films are successfully used when it is necessary to reconstruct old pools in which cracks or waterproofing have appeared. Such a film can be stacked even on a tile or a mosaic, as it is easily stretched onto the existing material. However, it is necessary to check each tile so that it is fixed firmly and does not exfoliate during operation.

PVC films for swimming pools come in three different types, the choice of which depends on the availability and amount of money, as well as on the preferences of the consumer:

  • Non-reinforcing film. This is the cheapest simple type, the thickness of which is 0,65-0,85 mm. Such a film does not have good strength properties, so it is used only to trim prefabricated pools.
  • Film with reinforcement. This 1.5 mm film inside has an additional reinforcing layer of polyester filaments. The popularity of this film has gained for its ability to withstand a serious mechanical load without the slightest deformation. A special degree of strength makes it possible to use reinforced film for the construction of concrete and reinforced concrete basins, the walls of the bowl which assume the task of supporting structures and must withstand the maximum water pressure.
  • Anti-slip film. It has a ribbed surface that prevents slipping on the surface of the pool. Such a film is often used for finishing family pools in which children will bathe.

Separately it is worth mentioning a PVC film with acrylic coating. This layer is a bactericidal barrier that prevents algae and bacteria from populating micropores in the basin. It has already been proven in practice that the color fastness, the service life, the preservation of the elasticity of the acrylic film is approximately twice as high as that of the conventional one. There are also special membranes that have lacquer coatings of a mixture of PVC and acrylic. Although such a film looks like a pure acrylic surface, it is much less effective.

Advantages of PVC foils for pools

The main advantage of PVC film is its ability not only to decorate the pool and act as a waterproofing. It is very hygienic, resistant to temperature changes and ultraviolet radiation. Perfectly tolerates the impact of chemical pool care products recommended for her. This film has a lot of colors, which simulate the depth of the sea. The manufacturer produces a film of various shades of green, blue, blue, which can illuminate the water from the inside, giving it a pleasant shade of sea water. In addition, there is a material that can mimic a mosaic of beige-white, blue-white and other similar tones.

The film was especially popular for the possibility of quick and easy installation with an aesthetic surface that has high waterproofing qualities in only a few hours. In addition, this material is relatively cheap and the work associated with its installation is also not very expensive.

What are the drawbacks of the

pool film Like any other material, PVC foil for the pool has a number of drawbacks. Over time, its surface is covered with scratches, which sometimes lead to rupture. Often the film loses the intensity of its color, but it will most likely not happen earlier than in 6-10 years of operation. After that, the film can be changed. A little appearance of the surface of the pool with the film spoil the butt seams, which can be seen with a fairly close examination. Cleaning the film pool is a little more difficult than propylene or mosaic. It is not recommended to use PVC film if groundwater is very close to the ground surface at the location of the hydraulic structure.

The main stages of finishing the pool with PVC film

As a rule, laying the PVC film is made by a team of professionals from the supplier company. Specialists use special equipment and additional materials. However, often owners of swimming pools decide to independently carry out all the work on laying the film, without resorting to outside help. Without the availability of special knowledge, it is very difficult to properly equip the pool with your own hands, but if you do everything according to the instructions, it may well be a good result.

At the preparatory stage it is necessary to clean the pool, remove all debris from it and clean the concrete surface. If the surface of the bowl is not very even, then it must be plastered, both on the walls and on the floor. This is necessary so that under the weight of water the film can not repeat the uneven surface of the bowl.

After this we lay a special insulation on the prepared surface of the pool. It will allow you to feel much more comfortable in the pool, and also reduce the friction of the film itself on concrete, which will significantly increase the life of the film. The indoor swimming pool can be finished with geotextile. It should be attached to the walls with screws using a special metal profile for installation, which look like strips with plastic spraying.

Beginning of the laying of the film on the surface of the pool bowl

Beginning of laying the film on the surface of the basin of the pool

Then the PVC film web is cut in place so that it covers the entire surface of the floor and walls of the bowl. Joints between pieces of film are soldered by special heating equipment. The already welded seams are treated with a sealant. Mounting the edge of the film to the sides of the pool is done by an installation profile that looks like a corner or strip. The film is also fixed in places where there are ledges, for example, elevations or stairs. Then the film is grasped to the mounting profile.

Soldering the edges of the film

Adhesion of film edges

Filling the pool with water for the first time is as follows. First of all, a layer of water is poured, which does not exceed 30 cm in depth. In this process, the vertical layers of the film are stretched. Then you need to add water to the required level and weld the film to the sides. After that, the pool can be exploited.

Scheme of the device of film joints

Scheme of the film interface

Thus, in order to trim any pool of PVC film, you only need to arm yourself with patience. Difficulties in this big no, if there is a special equipment and scrupulous attitude to detail. PVC film is able to transform gray concrete and make it play with new colors of the sea depths.

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