Self-leveling floor with their hands. Video and description of the technology

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On the self-leveling floor can put any furniture without restrictions

On the self-leveling floor can put any furniture without restrictions

In addition, to prepare the floor to work you need a vacuum cleaner, you can home. It is recommended to use a vacuum cleaner dust bag to avoid damaging the stone dust. It is also desirable for a respirator and gloves.

Substrate preparation

basis for self-leveling floor It should be:

  • without cracks and fractures;
  • without debris and dust (to remove fine debris use vacuum fractions desirable capacity not less than 2000 W).
Smooth self-leveling floor in the living room

Smooth self-leveling floor in the living room

After cleaning of the surface can be primed floors. Wait until the primer has dried before pouring the floor. If you do not have a primer, you can use this same mixture, only Diluted with water to a liquid state. It should also be remembered that the presence of loose floor surface primer must be implemented twice.

Some experts recommend the use of damping tape around the perimeter of the self-leveling floor. It is considered appropriate only for large coating thickness.

How to make a self-leveling floor with their hands (video)

Leveling milestone

First we need to indicate that the floor fill is at least 2 stages:

  1. "Coarse" or leveling;
  2. Finishing.

Leveling step is necessary because the base is almost always uneven. Especially in older homes. It has been observed that for two or three decades of operation "sags" center of the room for 5-15 mm relative to the perimeter. This "sagging" is found even on concrete floors. For leveling, solutions - gypsum or cement. Although the plaster mixture has a lower specific weight (about 20%) for longer recommended cement. The gypsum mixture requires either the wooden support, or very dry concrete, potting or over the insulation material.

The self-leveling filler mixture can be added a variety of colored pigments

The self-leveling filler mixture can be added a variety of colored pigments

with his hands technology for manufacturing cement Self-leveling floor is simple. There does not matter what kind of cement is better to choose. Enough 400th mark, if only without impurities, as is sometimes the case with unscrupulous suppliers. Two nuances that need to be taken into account:

  1. Cement floor should be poured on a mesh.
  2. Filling should be carried out all over the floor. Fill only the defective areas leads to the formation of "humps" that does not provide universal zero.
Driving filling Self-leveling floor

Driving filling Self-leveling floor

Useful advice!Polypropylene mesh is recommended to fix in 20-25 cm with silicone in order to avoid "floating".

Selection self-leveling finishing composition for a liquid screed

As for finishing Self-leveling floor, then at this stage is slightly more complicated technology. However, a careful division of tasks is feasible to implement their own hands. For clarity in the video filmed the work of professionals.

By type of material self-leveling floors are epoxy, methyl methacrylate, cement and acrylic or polyurethane

By type of material self-leveling floors are epoxy, methyl methacrylate, cement and acrylic or polyurethane

To begin with, the question is how the mixture is better to give preference? What you select a vendor? What is the duration of hardening is more suitable?

For convenience, the main brands of finishing compounds tabulated:

№ p / p Name curing time Thickness, mm Flow rate, kg / m2
1 Eunice Horizon 3-7 days 2-100 3-4
2 Bolars 3-4 hours 2-100 3-4
3 Vetonit 3-4 hours 1-5 1,5
4 Perfecta multilayer 2-3 hours 2-200 7-14
5 Axton 3-4 hours 6-100 14-16
6 Palafloor 4-6 hours 2-100 1,4-1,6
7 GLIMS-S-Level ≈ 24 hours 2-5 3

Note 1. Flow Set for minimally appropriate layer thickness is 5 mm.
In the selection process pay attention not only on the value of "consumption kg / m2"But also on the thickness of the layer on the label. Thickness can be specified in different ways and often in small print at the bottom. Some manufacturers indicate the consumption in kg / mm / m2.

Filler field has a high moisture repellent properties, so it is possible to equip in kitchens and bathrooms

Filler field has a high moisture repellent properties, so it is possible to equip in kitchens and bathrooms

Note 2. The quantity of material to Self-leveling floor (Flow rate per m2 per kg) in practice may differ from the manufacturer, so the mixture must be purchased from stock. To calculate the flow rate for certain, it is necessary for the layer thickness of a maximum value of a series of measurements at different places of the room.

Note 3. Since the consumer is interested not so much crystal hardening, hardening as absolute, you can use the 3/24 rule. The rule states that, for the absolute solidification every 3 mm layer must be 24 hours. Building experience found that after this period can not only impose a finishing inlay (linoleum, carpet, etc.), But even put furniture. It is easy to independently calculate that a 6 mm thick cured for 48 hours, 15 mm - 5 days, etc.

Pouring self-leveling floor for the first time - it is not necessary to choose the mixture bystrootverdevayuschie

Pouring self-leveling floor for the first time - it is not necessary to choose the mixture bystrootverdevayuschie

Useful advice!Treat with caution to fast curing mixtures, if you take over the production of self-leveling floor with their hands for the first time. To practice skills check is poured self-leveling floor fillers on video.

How to pour the self-leveling floor with their hands (video)

How to choose a type of Self-leveling floor on a material

Self-leveling liquid floors What is better? By type of flooring material are:

  • epoxy;
  • methyl methacrylate;
  • cement and acrylic;
  • polyurethane.
Bright blue self-leveling floor in the children's room

Bright blue water inlet floor in the children's room

All these types of floors are suitable for both residential and industrial premises. Although there is no consensus about what material is best to choose a number of experts recommends pouring polyurethane floors. They are durable, waterproof, absorb sound well. In addition, they combine the impact resistance and flexibility, which is important when moving furniture. After all, in the place where there was heavy furniture, formed resistant strains. Pleasing to the eye, when aligned with the time of deformation. You can certainly imagine the installation of the furniture once and for all, but it rarely happens. Usually furniture at least once in five years, is still moving to new locations. Finally, we should not forget the fact that polyurethane floors still the most eco-friendly and toxic fumes, and disposal.

Finishiruem Self-leveling floor with their hands. Video. Conditions for achieving quality

fill

The solution should be directly finish kneading in small batches, not more than 20 liters. Ideally, if you have a partner, mix the solution, while you pack. Kneading is necessary to drill with the mixing nozzle as hand-kneading is ineffective. Also lead to loss of quality attempts diluted with water already crystallizing solution. For your operational work on the video shown contained experience.

Related article:

Pros and cons of self-leveling floors. Positive and negative reviews of the owners about their quality and characteristics. Flow inlet floor for 1 square. meter: how to cut. Types of self-leveling floors.

Since the need for filling the floor with their hands may occur at different times of the year, you should note that the operating temperature range for the majority of blends - 15-30 ° C. At low temperatures, water has time to decompose important chemical components, which reduces strength. At high - water evaporates so quickly that it does not manage to be complete leveling of the surface, ie the image of the "hedgehog."

The optimal room temperature for pouring the floor - 15-30 degrees Celsius

The optimal room temperature for pouring the floor - 15-30 degrees Celsius

Stir necessary to drill at low speed (300-500 rev / min) by gradually adding the powder into water. Mixing time 3-4 minutes prior to thickening of the solution. Then the solution for 5-10 minutes (time check with the manufacturer) necessary to "ripen" (microsilica residual mixing in the diffusion process).

Useful advice!Although the technology is available for the execution of their own hands, yet for large areas (more than 40 m2) Recommended to take assistance of an experienced professional. At least in order to more accurately calculate material consumption.

If you save material consumption, note that the thickness of the prepared solution at the thinnest point shall not be less than 5 mm.

When pouring a thick layer of solution is recommended to use feed damper

When pouring a thick layer of solution is recommended to use feed damper

By itself, the application process is simple. This is essentially a bucket pouring onto the floor. Of course, virtually impossible to pour the mixture to perfectly flooded angle. For the "stretching" of the mixture to use a spatula angle.

deaeration

Now we have the final piece of work - degassing. Often when working with their hands about this stage forget. Failure to observe this milestone leads to float bubbles upward, and as a consequence - the "lunar soil" of the surface. To carry out de-aeration must be reserved studded soles and pick up the needle roller correctly. Properly chosen such roller is considered in which the needles are longer than the layer thickness of 1-2 mm. Then the mixing layer without substantially horizontal displacement of the mixture. In addition, the roller must be equipped with visor splash-. This will increase the amount of material exactly at 0.01%, but it will eliminate the micro-defects. Micro-defects can cause falling frozen on the fly drops of solution.

After complete curing the floor - you can walk on it and arranged the furniture

After complete curing the floor - you can walk on it and arranged the furniture

We hope that you will be recommendations for the production of self-leveling self-leveling floor with their hands in the video.

Self-leveling floor with their hands (video)

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