The floor under the linoleum on the concrete floor: preparation and laying

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Linoleum has gained popularity among other types of coatings a few decades ago when it actively Stela floors Khrushchev directly on concrete floors. During this time, manufacturers are constantly working to improve the quality of the material, the introduction of new technology and design improvements. His trail on a different basis. For information on how to properly arrange the floor beneath linoleum on concrete floor, this article will tell.

The floor under the linoleum on the concrete floor: preparation and laying

Linoleum is the most popular material for flooring

Content

  • 1 Recommendations and stages of laying linoleum on concrete floor
  • 2 Preparation of the floor under the linoleum: Fundamentals alignment
  • 3 The floor under the linoleum on the concrete floor: the choice of material
    • 3.1 Aesthetic characteristics of linoleum different collections
    • 3.2 Calculation of linoleum dimensions: width standards, taking into account features
  • 4 How much is put 1 sq. m linoleum consumption and cost
    • 4.1 Adhesive for linoleum on concrete floor: the types of locks and pricing
    • 4.2 Materials for the connection joints: adhesive for cold welding of linoleum
    • 4.3 An example of calculating the number of necessary materials
  • 5 How to lay linoleum on concrete floor: the sequence of work
    • 5.1 Fixing linoleum with mastic: advantages and technology
    • 5.2 Adhesive for linoleum and mounting tape: Terms of Use
  • 6 Laying linoleum on the concrete floor with their hands: important nuances
  • 7 Installation of floor heating under the linoleum: guide from A to Z
  • 8 Radiant floor beneath linoleum: the working principle
  • 9 Electric underfloor heating for linoleum: types, advantages and disadvantages
    • 9.1 Installation of the film warm floor under the linoleum with his own hands
    • 9.2 Isolation and infrared connection underfloor heating for linoleum

Recommendations and stages of laying linoleum on concrete floor

Owners of apartments in new buildings and in older homes in the process of repair are usually given a typical question: Is laying linoleum possible on the concrete floor. And the most popular answer as online forums and from the experts: linoleum - is the main material of the flooring in modern buildings.

To cover the concrete floor with linoleum successful you must follow all the steps of laying

To cover the concrete floor with linoleum successful you must follow all the steps of laying

The process of laying linoleum involves several stages:

  • selection of a suitable material;
  • Substrate preparation and alignment surface;
  • waterproofing surface;
  • Flow calculation of the material for stacking;
  • marking and cutting linoleum;
  • fixing the coating on the floor using adhesives;
  • fastening mechanically via plinths.

Each stage has its own sub-steps, characteristics and importance. Warranty work is successful in choosing the right linoleum, glue, and in the preparation of the base. The process is much more complicated if it includes more and underfloor heating installation under the linoleum on the concrete floor.

In the process of laying the coating must be carefully straighten to remove the air

In the process of laying the coating must be carefully straighten to remove the air

Experts recommend not to neglect the stage floor leveling before laying under the linoleum, as a guarantee of not just surface beauty, but also the duration of the coating operation. The smoother base, the longer is the linoleum.

Preparation of the floor under the linoleum: Fundamentals alignment

Regardless of the type of linoleum, it is necessary to prepare the surface before installing it. This is an important factor in the life of roll coating. It would seem that even small cracks, cavities or projections may cause rapid abrasion linoleum in these problem areas. Therefore, the base should have a maximally smooth surface and clean.

If there is a concrete floor you need to take care of noise and heat insulation surface. It requires special preparation for laying the foundation of floor heating under the linoleum. This will cover in a separate section.

Important!Do not use sheet materials for leveling uneven concrete surface of the substrate, as sooner or later they are deformed under the floor contours and subsequently alter the linoleum.

Before leveling the floor is necessary to remove the old paint

Before leveling the floor is necessary to remove the old paint

The usual preparation of the concrete base consists of the following stages:

  1. Removing the old coating. Before leveling floor beneath linoleum, it is desirable to remove the old coating. In rare cases, you can leave the old linoleum. But a coating of linoleum tiles must be removed clearly, this also applies to old substrates, insulating layers. Should remain bare concrete base. The surface is thoroughly cleaned of dust and other contaminants.
  2. Evaluation and diagnosis of the concrete base is determined by the set of all flaws, including convexity, slope, dents, swings. If they exceed 20% of the total area of ​​the room, it is necessary to perform a concrete floor surface or fill self leveling mixture. These measures will help to make the basis of the maximum level.
  3. Elimination of small defects. If the tie is optional, it is sufficient to remove small dot damage. Particular attention should be paid to defects between the slabs of concrete floors. To do this, use a putty, epoxy resin or cement solution was mixed with linseed oil. Stripped and a flat surface coated with a primer.
  4. Stacking layers of heat, noise, and waterproofing. Before laying linoleum need to take care of the insulation as well as concrete cool itself, and even coating insulating substrate will not save the situation. For insulation which can be spread on the floor under the linoleum sheets of chipboard or plywood.
For floor insulation can be used plywood, fiberboard, or foam sheets

For floor insulation can be used plywood, fiberboard, or foam sheets

As a waterproofing is recommended to use a plastic film is not thinner than 200 microns. Its trail with overlap of at least 20 cm and the walls with stopping 5-6 cm (excess removed after stacking of linoleum). Soundproofing suitable masking tape.

The floor under the linoleum on the concrete floor: the choice of material

Practical approach incorporates the structure and durability of linoleum.
Depending on the structure of the linoleum divided into homogeneous (single layer) and heterogeneous (multilayer). The latter option is usually used in a domestic environment, as it already has the necessary foundation, often winterized or waterproofing.

There are two most common types of linoleum, which is used as a coating on a concrete floor in apartments: a coating of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and linoleum, it enters into the cork flour, wood tar, lime and linseed oil. Both of these species are harmless to health, resistant to bacteria and discourage fat.

Useful advice! Kitchen and hallway, where permeability is the highest, it is better to take the semi-commercial linoleum or even commercial grade. In public institutions the most popular option - a commercial homogeneous linoleum.

For residential premises is better to buy a multi-layer linoleum

For residential premises is better to buy a multi-layer linoleum

Another classification is dependent on the degree of resistance to stress linoleum. In this case the web is separated into a decorative covering, domestic, commercial and semi-commercial. Judging by the names, for premises intended domestic coverage, but it is only at first glance. It is, of course, inexpensive, but has a low wear resistance, ie, the price matches the quality. All rooms in the house have a different functionality that should be considered when choosing the coating on the floor.

Consumer coating thickness of 1.5 mm is suitable for rooms, living room and bedrooms. For the corridor, kitchen and children's room is better to take the linoleum with a minimum thickness of 3 mm, which is easier to protect against mechanical damage.

Aesthetic characteristics of linoleum different collections

First of all, it is noted that the colors of the flooring should be consistent with the overall design of the room. Selection of high quality material depends on the manufacturer. The most popular campaign in the market of flooring for many years considered the company Tarkett. Linoleum, Semi-commercial and home can be found in different series of the supplier.

Gustatory preference considered in various embodiments manufacturers linoleum. For example, a series of linoleum Tarkett Discovery as possible to convey the beauty and charm of natural materials makes them closer to natural, without harming nature. Collection Grand linoleum Tarkett - a variety of decor and fancy patterns. It includes both whimsical line, and the maximum simulated natural parquet.

In the construction market is a wide range of linoleum

In the construction market is a wide range of linoleum

In turn, linoleum Tarkett Idyll distinguished not so much aesthetics as practicality and increased strength. It can withstand the load from the pins and sharp legs moveable furniture. Material has good thermal and acoustic insulation. The series consists of different models, including those designed for rooms with high cross. As an example, linoleum Tarkett Atlanta 1 of the collection Idylle Nova. The wear resistance of this coating allows its use in offices with an average load intensity and institutions.

Calculation of linoleum dimensions: width standards, taking into account features

Counting size canvas, you need to take a material with a stock - a few centimeters longer than the floor area. Make it pretty easy in the standard square and rectangular areas. It is enough to measure the dimensions of the room and add on each side for 10 cm.

Useful advice! Accurately calculate the necessary amount of material will help the online calculator. The windows are made readings of length and floor width (e.g., width linoleum 2 m). How many meters of linoleum is required with such a roll it will be shown in a special window.

If linoleum has a pattern, it is necessary to take into account the allowances stykovanie

If linoleum has a pattern, it is necessary to take into account the allowances stykovanie

In areas with complex contours need more careful approach to the nesting process and make the stock more. Buying linoleum with a pattern, you should also take into account allowances stykovanie pattern. No less important, getting coverage, check to match the batch number printed on the label linoleum rolls.

To avoid seams on the floor of the roll width should be equal to the length of one of the walls of the room. The standard width of linoleum 2 m - 5 m in increments of half a meter. Covering a variety of sizes allow to calculate the most economical option and avoid joints.

The simple secret to avoid seams - is to take the size of the roll in accordance with the length of one side of the room. For example, in a narrow hallway 1,8h6 meters suitable linoleum 2 meters wide. How many meters of linoleum need all depends on the length of the hallway. In this case - it is 6 meters.

When deciding where to buy linoleum, you can resort to the classic version and visit the hardware store. Today's consumers are increasingly using the order goods over the internet, this service - online shopping and delivery - applies to the flooring.

Not to be mistaken with the size of linoleum is necessary to make measurements of the room and add 10 cm to each side

Not to be mistaken with the size of linoleum is necessary to make measurements of the room and add 10 cm to each side

How much is put 1 sq. m linoleum consumption and cost

Logically, the linoleum - is the most important component in the process of laying on him pripadaet basic costs. In addition, the financial resources required for the acquisition of other materials must be considered. For example, without substrate and adhesive linoleum installation impossible.

In order to calculate how much it costs to lay linoleum per square meter, as well as the total cost of the paving on the concrete floor, you must add up the value of such materials:

  • linoleum;
  • cement, putty or self-leveling composition for a substrate;
  • insulation boards, films and elements for their fixation;
  • glue or adhesive tape for fixing the mounting of linoleum;
  • skirting boards and materials for their mounting.
To calculate the cost of laying the 1st quarter. m linoleum need to add the cost of all materials needed for operation

To calculate the cost of laying the 1st quarter. m linoleum need to add the cost of all materials needed for operation

This is not a problem to buy a cheap linoleum. Where to buy quality - the task is more complicated, and in this issue better to trust the professionals and prestigious shops.

Linoleum price per square meter is dependent on the above coating characteristics: material, wear resistance, decorative features. Pricing importance class and coating series. Price per m² of commercial linoleum is usually not always exceeds the price of semi-commercial. Sometimes it is more expensive domestic coverage of the elite series of branded products.

Related article:

Linoleum: photos coatings in different rooms, and advice on choosing the material

Advantages, disadvantages, characteristics and properties of various classes and species. Recommendations regarding the selection of the material.

The total cost of materials for floor leveling depends on its condition. Calculation of consumption for cement screed and produce primer based on the floor space. Thickness of the alignment layer should be not less than 3 cm.

Useful advice!The solution is to fill the concrete foundation should be done fairly thick. His line the special spatula. For orientation the level on the walls make a special mark and set the rack.

The price for 1 square of linoleum. m depends on the quality and class of coating

The price for 1 square of linoleum. m depends on the quality and class of coating

For primer sufficiently apply a finishing layer. The need for insulation materials is also calculated on the basis of squaring the room. They must be laid with a minimum number of joints.

Adhesive for linoleum on concrete floor: the types of locks and pricing

In computing the retainer for linoleum covering joints counted and the total length of the perimeter of the premises for coating the walls of sizing. Price of the material depends on its type. For example, the cost of mounting or masking tape is cheaper and more economical compared with the adhesive, moreover, it is easy to dismantle when needed. At the same time fixation with it will be less robust and reliable.

Linoleum glue or paste is applied to the entire floor area, which is then closed with linoleum. Therefore, consumption and price of glue for linoleum is calculated based on the total of squaring. Working with such locks require special care and incremental steps with careful alignment of the surface in order to avoid the appearance of wrinkles.

Before you buy glue for linoleum, you need to decide on one of its kinds:

The glue must be applied to the entire surface of the floor before laying linoleum

The glue must be applied to the entire surface of the floor before laying linoleum

  • polyurethane;
  • single- or two-component;
  • water-dispersion;
  • adhesive compound with the solvent.

For different types of linoleum are chosen special adhesive, so as not to damage the substrate and the coating itself. For example, adhesives for commercial linoleum characterized by increased adhesiveness. Adhesive for linoleum Tarkett is better to take it from this manufacturer, since it is designed to cover a certain series. Average consumption of adhesive for linoleum 1 m² manufacturers tend to indicate on the packaging.

Materials for the connection joints: adhesive for cold welding of linoleum

The spacious rooms or in rooms with a complex layout for laying linoleum often can not do without the material joints. To connect linoleum seams using different materials: strips, planks, construction tape. The most popular and reliable in this respect is the modern method - cold welding. For this purpose, a special adhesive that forms colorless seam. Find a spot gluing after the procedure visually difficult, it is possible to determine only by touch.

Using glue for linoleum Cold welding seams will be monolithic, reliable and accurate, while the hot welding seams make rude and changes the natural color of the coating. The method does not require any special skills and effort. Also, do not need special tools and equipment.

To connect the joints of linoleum is best to use an adhesive cold welding

To connect the joints of linoleum is best to use an adhesive cold welding

The correct calculation of the materials will help maximize the efficient distribution of the cost of laying a floor plan and budget. Having bought everything you need, do not have to dispose of surplus or extra run to the shops to buy more materials. All costs are based on the basis of calculations of floor space and materials manufacturers instructions.

Useful advice!It is necessary to approach with special care in the process of calculating the linoleum, when laying is expected to combine images at the joints. The segment in this case the coating should be about 1.5 meters longer than the intended region of installation. It is also important to note that the linoleum with ornaments should be laid in the longitudinal direction.

An example of calculating the number of necessary materials

Below are indicative material consumption calculations for a room with an area of ​​4x5 m given that the concrete floor requires equalization.

The number of required materials can be calculated independently, or use a special program

The number of required materials can be calculated independently, or use a special program

  1. Calculation of materials for the tie. In view of the room area 20 m² multiplied by a screed height of 0.03 m, we obtain 0.6 m³, which translated into liters equals the value 600 (4 * 5 * 0.03 = 0.6 L = 600 m³). If leveling mixture is used, its flow rate will be slightly lower due to the fill height of 0.02 m. In general need to 0.4 m³ or 400 L (4 * 5 * 0.04 = 0.4 m³ = 400 l).
  2. Consumption of insulating materials. Sheet would need approximately 22 m² where 20m² - a room space + 10% stock. The same flow rate and roll materials. Waterproofing foil need a little more, taking into account allowances for laying lapped at the sides 20 cm, approximately 28 m².
  3. The required number of linoleum. If the coating does not need to dock the figure, in the light of 10 cm will need a gap of about 21 m² perimeter (5.1 * 4.1 = 20.91 m²). If necessary, docking patterns need to throw more about 5m2. As a result, you need 26 m².
  4. Catchers. Clay or mastikoobraznoy bases will need approximately 12-15 kg (more accurate calculations can be done on the basis of the characteristics indicated on the package). In case of mounting tape it will need 25-30 m.
  5. Expendable materials. Their number depends mainly on the condition of the substrate, so giving the average amount. Flow fillings be 400-500 g, an epoxy resin or grout - up to 1.5 liters. Also do not forget about the rags and the necessary instruments.

How to lay linoleum on concrete floor: the sequence of work

If the concrete floor is not ideal, it is recommended to first align its

If concrete floor not perfect, it is recommended to first align it

Once the basics of the surface is completely dry after leveling her unwrap the roll and provide material "to rest in bed" in the room where it assumed stack. Ideally we need a couple of days. This is to ensure that the web has reached the same indicators of humidity and temperature, which corresponds to the room itself.

On a perfect concrete foundation is laid linoleum, skipping step alignment. Room temperature during application should be at least +15 ° C, humidity - not higher 68%. Carefully align the fabric on the surface.

Cutting is performed along the contours of the room with a sharp knife or office building. It is desirable to make the pre-cutting with a margin of 5.3 cm on all sides, and the excess removed after bonding the cover or plinths.

If stacking presupposes Curb strips, they should lay down their lap, and then cut the excess, using a ruler and a sharp knife. If there are projections on the walls, there is no need to rush to the circumcision. It is better to carefully measure and apply pre-marks on the canvas.

Linoleum can fix by glue, mastic or mounting tape

Linoleum can fix by glue, mastic or mounting tape

Important! In the spacious room where laying linoleum impossible without seams, the strip should be placed lengthwise to the joints were not formed across the aisles. Thus, the seams will be less resist mechanical stress and the probability of their differences will be lower.

The next stage - fixing cover. There are several types of it:

  • via bitumastic;
  • using adhesives;
  • using the mounting tape;
  • glueless (or mechanical) method.

Fixing linoleum with mastic: advantages and technology

Selection of an appropriate method of fastening coil coating depends on the type of premises, its area, the type of linoleum, the presence of seams and owners preferences.

Bitumen mastic - one of the most popular and practical way linoleum mounting

Bitumen mastic - one of the most popular and practical way linoleum mounting

One of the most popular and practical option - the use of bituminous mastics. This is a good waterproofing material with a paste-like consistency, which fills the irregularities and microcracks that remained after alignment. There are different formulations of mastics. The most common option is for sticking to the concrete floor - dispersion, which is suitable for linoleum with a fabric or a heat-insulating base. If the coating does not base its mastic glue rubber-based.

The technology of gluing linoleum using mastic comprises the following stages:

  • primer base;
  • the spreading of the coating on the floor, held for days;
  • applying a notched trowel mastic to the floor on one side of the material for this portion of the web
  • raise;
  • Floor gently lowered onto the floor and carefully straightened by removing air.

Similarly, glue the other side of the linoleum sheet. If it is necessary to fix different types of material, the layer of mastic is applied a certain thickness.

Mastics are different formulations for bonding to the concrete floor of linoleum is most suitable dispersion

Mastics are different formulations for bonding to the concrete floor of linoleum is most suitable dispersion

The spacious room exactly glued linoleum on the concrete floor will help the next trick. To fold fabric in half face inward, then you should apply the adhesive or mastic first one side of the cut and glue it to the base, then the same is necessary to carry out the operation on the other party. Remove wrinkles on the surface of the can with a roller.

Adhesive for linoleum and mounting tape: Terms of Use

Similarly (as in the use of mastic) fixing linoleum method is the use of special adhesives. Linoleum adhesive has one drawback - it has no insulation and leveling characteristics.

When applying the fixing material on the floor, special attention should be paid to the entrance area and the joints. For a more reliable bonding in places sutures to bend the edges of paintings and good fluff space fit to the floor with adhesive.

Mounting tape - this is the easiest way to fix, but the material is short-lived, especially at joints. Therefore, it should be used in rooms area of ​​no more than 20 square meters, with low permeability, implying linoleum flooring in one piece.

Fixation with mounting tape - the easiest, but least durable method

Fixation with mounting tape - the easiest, but least durable method

In the process of bonding a coating on its first tape paving around the perimeter and at doorways. If the installation involves several strips of linoleum, the glue tape on the seams. To avoid bloating fabric should lay a few strips of duct tape in the center of the plot.

Useful advice!In a small room or a room with a small cross linoleum flooring can be used without the use of a bonding material. The technology is very simple: the material is stacked with allowances without cutting it. Once the fabric has settled, the excess is cut off, and secure the baseboard around the room. The disadvantage is that the coating may wrinkle under the influence of loads.

The advantage of mounting tape - easy removal of the coating and to preserve its integrity. If used in assembling adhesive or mastic, the removal of linoleum - process more complicated, thus violated the integrity of the web.

Lenka mounting glue around the perimeter, in doorways and on the seams of linoleum

Lenka mounting glue around the perimeter, in doorways and on the seams of linoleum

Laying on the double-sided tape is relatively straightforward. Room on the eye is divided into several squares and attach the tape to the floor, which neatly stack web.

Laying linoleum on the concrete floor with their hands: important nuances

Installation of linoleum can be done in-house, but first you need to consider some important points on which depends the final quality result.

In particular, there are two mounting technology: Trimming (perimeter space is left material stock to 10 cm); without bend (trimmed immediately clear contours of the room). When making a choice, keep in mind that the walls may be curved, so it is more advisable to trim the material directly on site. The second option is suitable for premises with perfectly smooth walls.

Therefore, preparing the subfloor, you need to take care of the lining of the walls. If overhaul was not planned, it is necessary to adjust the wall at least at a height of 7-10 cm from the floor to the linoleum and baseboards went smoothly. Choosing the linoleum with an ornament, you need to take a leaf from the same batch, otherwise there may be differences in colors.

If the walls of the room are not perfectly aligned, it is recommended to lay linoleum using a scoring technique

If the walls of the room are not perfectly aligned, it is recommended to lay linoleum using a scoring technique

When installing linoleum on a concrete floor should not be neglected substrate. Sheet materials and polyurethane foam coating fixed as linoleum, mastic or adhesive. Scotch in this case it is better not to use. For flooring coating directly on concrete must take multilayer insulated linoleum, which has an additional foamed substrate or a felt.

Seams and joints during laying of the floor covering is desirable to process a special composition. You can use the mounting tape, adhesive or mastic. The most reliable option - combined: for fixing is used as a mounting tape and adhesive material, which are carefully processed edge paintings.

Useful advice!In the matter of cutting linoleum relevant proverb: "Seven times measure - cut once!" So do not hurry to cut large pieces of coverage, as to correct the error will be almost impossible.

For the seams and joints using adhesive tape or mounting

For the seams and joints using adhesive tape or mounting

Installation of floor heating under the linoleum: guide from A to Z

Mounting linoleum on the concrete floor heating - the process more time-consuming, as it directly comprises further step of setting a warm surface. There are several ways to underfloor heating. The most popular are:

  • Warm water floor using a coolant circulating in a closed circuit;
  • electric floor heating, wherein heating is carried out using an electrical cable or an infrared heating mats film.

What is underfloor heating for linoleum is preferable to choose, decide the owners themselves. In a private house open to all types of floor heating installation in an apartment high-rise buildings is limited. Here is excluded option of water underfloor heating.

The most popular methods of heating - it's electric and warm water floor

The most popular methods of heating - it's electric and warm water floor

It should also be noted that not every coating is suitable for underfloor heating. Linoleum must be chosen with special marking on the packaging to indicate that the material is designed for high temperature - up to 28 ° C. In addition, the need to provide for the installation of sensors and thermostats.

For underfloor heating is better to choose linoleum strong, but not very thick. Appliance thin linoleum not be used for such a purpose. Optimum coating thickness should be 2-3 mm.

Plays a special role linoleum substrate. It is advisable to cover the floor heating it is not used. it is recommended to take a homogeneous linoleum to better thermal conductivity. You can use rolls of different sizes. This does not depend on the work floor heating. Therefore, to fit the narrow corridor linoleum roll width of 2 m or even 1.5.

As for the class durability of linoleum, it should be as high as possible. At the same time the most durable coating 44 class should not be taken for premises, as this requires extra costs. The best option for floor heating - linoleum 34 class.

The choice of a warm floor is not only the owners of preferences, but also on the type of accommodation

The choice of a warm floor is not only the owners of preferences, but also on the type of accommodation

Radiant floor beneath linoleum: the working principle

Radiant Floor Heating started to use as an additional source of heat to the centralized system. He now serves as an independent provider of heat. But its installation is quite complex and is only allowed in private homes, the installation should be handled by experts.

The advantage of water underfloor heating is that it can operate from virtually any energy source: gas, electricity, liquid and solid fuels. It should be noted that the coolant does not need to be heated to high temperatures: the outlet it should be 30-40 ° C.

Another advantage consists in the water heating energy savings due to the low pressure in the system. The elements of the device operate in the power saving mode as compared with other alternative types of heating. This greatly extends the life of the system to an average of 50 years or more.

Also as a result of water heating operation does not form any harmful electromagnetic radiation. Qualified, professional installation of floor heating exclude the presence of detachable connections, which reduces the probability of occurrence of the system is practically zero.

Installation of water sex is complex and is only allowed in private homes

Installation of water sex is complex and is only allowed in private homes

Useful advice! Opt for a water heating should be taken into account the relative high cost of such a warm floor under the linoleum. The price of the system, equipment and materials is much higher than other types of heating. You should also take into account the considerable costs of its installation work.

Electric underfloor heating for linoleum: types, advantages and disadvantages

Determine with the decision to buy a warm floor under the linoleum, the majority prefers it electric types. Their main advantage - simplicity in installation and operation. In addition, they can be installed in the apartments of high-rise buildings.

The species difference in electric underfloor depends on the type of heating elements. They are divided on cable, matt and film. Heated floor cable has the form of the heating cable which is laid in the floor screed or placed in a heating mats coated with the heat-resistant film in the middle of the cable.

For heating use solid and two-core cable. Laying a single cable provides for the return of the second end in the same spot where the first one. Twisted pair cable does not require it. In addition, it is more eco-friendly: the radiation from it is less than 5 times.

Electric floor heating - the best option for multi-storey apartments

Electric floor heating - the best option for multi-storey apartments

There are cables with self-regulation that protects the floor from overheating, but they cost several times more expensive than ordinary. On the price of cable underfloor heating also affects the power density ratio per 1 m² premises.

The basis of the film in the heating underfloor heating under linoleum serves as a thin film, equipped with graphite plates soldered and copper conductors, a current is passed. The advantage of such a system - ease of installation. It can be installed under laminate, linoleum and walls.

Infrared floor beneath linoleum - the most cost-effective, it is not required under the screed. When the warranty period of 15 years, he can run and 50. In addition, the film floor cheaper than cable. Thus, this kind of sex the most advantageous for packing their own hands.

Heating elements in electric floors are film, cable and mat

Heating elements in electric floors are film, cable and mat

Installation of the film warm floor under the linoleum with his own hands

Film floor heating is produced in special packages, which contain a roll of thermal film, wiring, insulation and asphalt terminals. Number of units required to purchase depends on squaring the room. Moreover, for assembly of the floor need thermostats, Heat Reflector, a protective film of polyethylene, double-sided tape, tools.

Preparatory work for installation of floor heating under linoleumAs in the case of a simple stacking webs bases include alignment and cleaning as well as the layout and cutting of the film. On the flat base floor film determined space layout, measure the length of the webs. Place the thermostat setting is determined in advance. Next, cut the shrink film in special places marked by dotted lines.

Important! During layout should take into account the manufacturer's requirements, prohibiting the installation of heating film under heavy furniture and objects.

Packaging film with a warm floor comprises shrink film, insulation, wiring and terminals

Packaging film with a warm floor comprises shrink film, insulation, wiring and terminals

For the purpose of thermal insulation on the concrete floor is laid Heat Reflector Izolon. Cloth is attached to the base tape. Likewise part of the thermally bonded material with each other, providing a reliable fixation of them. Heat Reflector important to cover the entire floor to prevent heat leakage. Next stack of pre-cut pieces of fuser, the copper strip must necessarily be at the bottom.

Incisions copper bus cover bitumen coating so as to securely close all the silver contacts, which are responsible for the connection of copper tire with carbon fiber strips. Then, at the point of connection to the electric wire copper bar terminals are mounted so that one end comes into the middle of the imaging film, and the second left outside. Contact clamp tightly secured. film strip is fixed on the tape Heat Reflector and between themselves.

Isolation and infrared connection underfloor heating for linoleum

Places to connect electrical wires to the Thermal Film carefully fasten and isolate the top and bottom. Pieces of insulation connected to each other. All silver contacts on the edges of the film must be sealed bitumen coating. It also fixed floor sensor on black graphite strip heating element.

Sensors and wires hidden in the cut-out Heat Reflector to eventually obtain a uniform surface for floor finish. Panel with a thermostat mounted on the wall.

Contacts on the edges of the film must be sealed insulation

Contacts on the edges of the film must be sealed insulation

For added protection film Heated floor sheltering polyethylene film, and it set a protective material. The best option for this purpose - plywood sheet. Sheets carefully bolted to the main floor so as not to catch the shrink film.

On the protective layer easily fits linoleum. The process of mounting the same as in the case glueless laying on the flat surface of the concrete floor. The coating is fixed by means of plastic moldings. It is because of the possibility of easy removal, for safety reasons, an infrared trail linoleum floor. Heated floors, when properly installed, eventually create additional comfort and coverage - a nice addition to the overall decor.

Therefore, linoleum is ideal as a coating for concrete floors. It is economical, environmentally friendly and easy to install stuff. Knowing what is linoleum, having mastered the rules of its packing, you can arrange your own flooring. In addition, the linoleum is most suitable for the installation of underfloor heating on a concrete floor.