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Balcony or loggia open for a long time are irrelevant. Almost every landlord is trying to make this part of the home as much as possible functional and insulate it. Most often it is a small room becomes a seating area. To ensure maximum comfort and convenience, it is necessary not only to take care of walls and windows, but also to equip the floor on the balcony. This article will talk about how to pick up materials for the flooring balcony or loggia.
The main quality which are important for the balcony floor covering - the strength, wear resistance and durability
1 How to make the floor on the balcony or a loggia as comfortable as possible
- 1.1 How to insulate a floor on the balcony: the list of mandatory preparatory works
- 2 How to align the floor on the balcony with his hands: step by step guide
3 How to insulate a floor on the balcony with his hands: Selecting ties
- 3.1 How to align and to raise the floor on the balcony using lags
- 4 Warm floor to the balcony: the sequence of work
- 5 What do sex on the balcony: the choice of material
6 Features of arrangement of balconies and loggias tiles
- 6.1 How to make your own hands on the balcony floor ceramic tiles
- 7 Wooden floor and flooring in the design of balconies and loggias
- 8 Features of arrangement of his hands on the floor of the balcony decking
- 9 Laminate on the balcony or loggia: the pros and cons of flooring
10 The feasibility of using linoleum in the balcony
- 10.1 Linoleum floor on the balcony: how to make your own hands
- 11 Self-leveling floor on a balcony or loggia: pros and cons
- 12 Painted floor on the balcony and in the carpet as a coating
How to make the floor on the balcony or a loggia as comfortable as possible
Balconies and loggias They stopped already be a place of gathering trash - in modern apartments used rationally the entire area, including this part. Usually loggia is a continuation of the room, where equip an office or game room. The balconies popular was the placement of the winter garden or just a recreation area. No matter what destination chosen for the room, it is important it correctly and comfortably arrange. Here the important role played by gender. From the proper finish will largely depend on the warmth and comfort of the entire room.
Modern balconies and loggias is often used as a recreation area or living space, so the quality of flooring - a key element
Since the quality of the arrangement will affect the entire housing is not only functional and aesthetic terms, but also in the issue of energy efficiency, it is necessary to determine the material for the flooring on the balcony. The choice of material depends not only on the taste preferences of the owners, but also on other factors such as family income, and particularly the structure and floor walls.
The first thing to consider, glazed balcony or not. If the space is open, the floor should have an additional strengthening and coating - be resistant to weathering. For private balconies unlimited choice of materials.
With simple balcony glazing temperature rises by 6-7 ° C, but if double-glazed windows, or it faces south, then at 10-12 ° C. In order to become a fully residential premises, it is necessary to insulate not only the walls, but the ceiling and on the balcony, as well as the floor.
Floor Decoration type on the balcony depends on the type of open or glazed
How to insulate a floor on the balcony: the list of mandatory preparatory works
When not spending floor warming procedure, the work package surface leveling and finishing the chosen material is fairly simple and involves. If we are talking about the necessity of warming (when loggia serves as a continuation of the dwelling), a sequence of preparatory actions will be as follows:
- moisture protection;
- laying the flooring.
Useful advice!Construction of the floor on the balcony should be based on three basic requirements, such as efficiency, beauty, and most importantly - reliable. Together, these features ensure comfort and convenience.
Only after the alignment and floor insulation can begin the process of its insulation and then topcoated. It is the choice of material for the floor on the balcony depends on the choice of method of arrangement of floor heating.
Material on the balcony floor covering depends on whether the system is installed "Heated floor"
Construction materials for the preparatory work must meet the following requirements:
- be resistant to influences of external factors;
- withstand sudden changes in temperature;
- have a high degree of water resistance.
It is also important to consider the type of arrangement of the loggia. If it is open, it is better to perform a screed of concrete with expanded clay and covered with ceramic tile flooring, tiles, granite tiles, natural or artificial stone. On a gated lodge, other than those listed materials can be used linoleum, laminate and even bunk.
How to align the floor on the balcony with his hands: step by step guide
As a rule, initially floors on balconies and loggias not differ a perfectly flat surface. Therefore, to achieve maximum comfort and long topcoat service, it is necessary to align the sexes begin repairs on the balcony. Photos on the internet will acquaint with step by step instructions, guided by which it is easy to carry out all the work yourself.
To get rid of small irregularities and flaws to help self-leveling mixture. If serious distortions, then align them only by means of ties or by laying lags under wooden floors.
Leveling the floor on the balcony using lags - a very popular option
Since the mounting base plate on the balcony less reliable than in the arrangement of floors in other rooms of the apartment, you should not create additional load. It is better to finish the surface of the lungs to pick up materials. Before you align the floor on the balcony, on a mandatory basis perform the following manipulations:
- dismantle the old finish;
- rotten removed and raw parts;
- triturated seams and crevices;
- processing carried antifungal solution.
Only then proceeds to the process alignment and sealing surface. In the course of the different methods are used:
- applying screed without insulation;
- dry screed with heaters in the form of expanded polystyrene or expanded clay;
- semi-dry screed on the balcony (with a heater);
- alignment for the arrangement of "warm floor";
- alignment using the lags for wooden floors.
Logs stack so that between them readily accommodate the heater
How to insulate a floor on the balcony with his hands: Selecting ties
If you plan the installation of linoleum or laminate, it is possible to smooth the surface in any way. If the flooring tile is applied, the cement must be selected, dry or semi-dry screed. If the choice is made in favor of expanded clay, its layer should be at least 3 cm.
Useful advice!When creating dry screed expanded clay may be added to the dry sawdust, but only provided that the insulation is carried out in a sealed floor glazed balconies.
Cement is produced by using a mixture of cement and sand. The ratio depends on the material thickness and the amount of water added. It plays an important role cement brand. Semi-dry screed requires a minimum amount of water, but it is very important to thoroughly mix the cement and sand.
Compliance with the correct proportions blend very important. Too liquid solution in the process of drying can crack, especially at high temperatures, and the thick mixture is difficult to stack because it requires particular skills. The ideal consistency - a thick cream that ensures a reliable and uniform coating of insulation.
Alignment of the hearth in the balcony tie - consuming process and having its own characteristics, so it is better to entrust this work those skilled
Dry screed floor on the balcony performed using gipsovolokonnyh or fiber cement sheets, which are laid on the surface, pre-aligned expanded clay. plates docking location are fixed with screws at intervals of 20 cm or glued tape construction. Next floor cover foiled polyethylene foam, and it is put finishing material.
How to align and to raise the floor on the balcony using lags
Wood - classic material used for flooring. The main advantages of wood - its naturalness, sustainability and durability. A material often used as furnish for both floors and other surfaces. This is the best answer to the question than to sheathe the loggia inside.
Before you raise the floor on the balcony by a lag, it is necessary to conduct a series of procedures in accordance with the technology:
- clean the surface;
- make a screed;
- produce waterproof after drying screed;
- put logs and attach them to the base;
- fill expanded clay or other insulation between the joists;
- produce flooring wooden floor on the balcony.
Alignment of logs suitable for balconies of any shape
When settlement at the floor joists need to consider the threshold height and layer thickness of the material intended for thermal insulation. Based on these calculations, selected timber size, which affects the height of the floor level up. Logs are set with an equal interval from one another transversely to the plate. Further bars laid horizontally therebetween poured concrete block. Then nailed to the joists using boards or finished wooden shield. around the perimeter of the board fixed plinth.
Warm floor to the balcony: the sequence of work
In order to warm the floor was really effective, you need to take care of reliable insulation. This requires carefully repaired all the cracks. waterproofing layer also has a value, it can increase by filling cracks and joints with foam, or silicone sealant. silicone foam, and residues must be removed immediately, and the surface sanded to the base floor have a neat appearance.
The very warm floor is a two-layer structure. Blister layer includes heating system itself and finishing (upper) is the direct coating finishing material.
Useful advice!When laying the floor on the balcony, special attention should be given threshold. It must be nice to issue, as this detail will help hide cracks and smooth over the differences between the balcony and the living room. If the balcony is an extension of the home, then the threshold is removed at all or make out a transition to a stage along the entire length.
If settling balcony as an extension of living space, it is advisable to install the system "warm floor"
The base layer (with prefabricated system "warm floors" of any kind) has a height of 15 cm - it is necessary to provide in the step of laying on the floor of lags. He makes your hands warm floor on the balcony - not an easy task. Therefore it is better to entrust the work of professionals. In order to save funds, you can perform the installation yourself using the detailed instructions.
As topcoat can select any material. Most often mounted on a balcony on a warm tile floor. In this approach, as an ordinary tile and marble or ceramic tiles, porcelain tiles. Used as carpet, parquet, laminate or linoleum.
What do sex on the balcony: the choice of material
The main floor covering for balcony or loggia used by virtually all existing materials in this field, in particular:
- Various types of ceramic tiles, natural or artificial stone, granite;
- wood and its derivatives;
- Self-leveling floors.
Any of the options for flooring in the balcony has its advantages and disadvantages, so the main criterion when choosing - a personal preference
Each of these options has its pros and cons. What do sex - to choose the hosts, but some of the recommendations will facilitate choice. The main advantage of tiling - a broad scope of application. You can use it as an open onto balconies, and on closed loggia. A variety of performance options is another advantage of this type of coverage, the more that modern technologies allow to simulate natural materials. Furthermore, the surface becomes sufficiently strong and reliable.
Decorating balconies different materials: which option to choose
What are the options facing there? a balcony interior design requirements. Decorating the walls, ceiling and floor. How to insulate a balcony? External facing.
Wooden floors are always relevant. Their flooring is admissible even open onto balconies, but the period of operation at the same time significantly reduced. In this case, it serves as a natural wood alternative decking board which is more resistant to external influences by using a special impregnation.
Flooring - expensive and practical material, requires a professional placement and proper care, so only suitable for decorating closed loggias. This also applies to the laminate. But let's say the installation of linoleum on the exposed surface, where it can last a while. The material is easy stacking, attractive appearance and easy to clean.
Floors, thanks to its heavy-duty and wear resistance, are very popular, but their main drawback - it is the high cost and complexity of casting. There can not do without specialists.
The wooden floor is always popular, but it will last longer in the gated balconies
Features of arrangement of balconies and loggias tiles
Pondering over what cover the floor on the balcony, apartment owners often prefer a ceramic tile. Choice is due to a number of advantages, among which are the exclusive design, aesthetics, flexibility and excellent thermal conductivity. These qualities allow you to use it as open onto balconies, and the glazed balconies, as well as the finishing coat of warm floors.
Useful advice!If the choice is made in favor of tiles, it is necessary to acquire material with anti-slip coating.
Additionally, tiles differs practicality, which manifests itself in high strength, easy maintenance, water resistance and resistance to temperature extremes. Lineup material characterized by a variety of sizes, shapes, colors and patterns.
Disadvantages are also available. They are manifested in the fact that this coating has a low resistance to sliding, and in places of seams can form a fungus and mold, which are not safe for health. Another shortcoming - the cold surface of the floor (if you do not set the system "warm floor").
Ceramic tiles to create a unique design and is resistant coating for all balconies
Buying a tile, you should pay attention to its marked to indicate that the material is intended to cover the floor. If the tile is supposed to be laid on an open balcony, it is also required to take into account the degree of water absorption: the more it will be lower, the higher frost tile.
How to make your own hands on the balcony floor ceramic tiles
When laying the tiles need to follow a strict sequence of operations. mounting process includes the following stages:
- The layout of the coating to allow for a uniform packing every detail.
- Beginning of work. Begin the installation of the tiles from the farthest corner. For bonding surface of each part is coated small amount of adhesive composition for fixing tiles, glue is applied ribbed spatula.
- The main stage. First, secure the first five items that will serve as a guide to avoid deviations during installation tiling and help achieve the evenness of the use of a spirit level. The use of plastic crucifixes in places elements connections allow to reach the desired interval.
- Drying. After all ranked as milestones tile must be given time to complete drying, it will take a couple of days. During this period, you can not step on the surface of the floor, covered with tiles, or something to put on it.
- Grouting. For this purpose, a special putty mixture based on acrylic.
- Installing baseboards. Thanks to their installation finishing the balcony will look completed within.
Laying ceramic tiles on the balcony - a process that can be performed alone or with the assistance of professionals
Wooden floor and flooring in the design of balconies and loggias
The use of solid wood and wood flooring is permissible for balconies and loggias closed type, as rainfall and sunlight have a negative effect on the tree. The material has a number of advantages, among which are the following;
- environmental friendliness;
Among the disadvantages of wood should be noted sensitivity to temperature changes, humidity, exposed to the sun and pests. Extend the life of the wooden floor will allow nursing care and the use of special surface treatments. If desired, the wear of the floor of wood can transform, removing the thin top layer by sanding the surface and re-covering lacquer or paint.
Useful advice!For balconies and loggias, combined with the living room, the most successful variant cover is flooring that looks looks like expensive wood, but it is necessary in this case is much cheaper.
Flooring made of wood - not the best option for laying on the "warm floor"
wood-based coating is not suitable to be installed together with the system "warm floor" because of the low thermal conductivity of the material. Longer service life have oak floors, beech, birch or yew. Boards of lime, pine and cherry serve smaller, as are soft.
An alternative to expensive materials made of solid wood flooring can serve. It is an excellent solution to the problem, how to equip the loggia as comfortable as possible and create a cozy atmosphere at the lowest cost. Parquet board is a three-layer material where the top layer - is expensive wood species, the lower two - a cheap wood. Unlike solid boards, parquet material can be combined with the system "warm floors".
Features of arrangement of his hands on the floor of the balcony decking
Decking - the perfect solution for Open balcony, aided by the quality of the material from which it is made. This is a special kind of lumber. It differs from an ordinary solid wood that lends itself to high-temperature treatment. More than a budget option - a sawdust mixed with polymeric material. In addition, each board is further treated with a protective mixture. This production technology provides for commissioning of the material under the influence of rainfall, that is on the street. Thus, it is an excellent idea to finish an open balcony.
Decking is most often used on open balconies, as well tolerate exposure to the sun, wind and rain
This material as a regular tree, different decorative, environmentally friendly, low thermal conductivity and ease of installation. Therefore, to make the floor on the balcony of the decking can be yourself. In addition, the material is characterized by high strength, resistance to aggressive substances mechanical damage, as well as to temperature, exposed to rain and rays sun.
During the manufacturing process board is processed with special protective agents which protect it from decay, mold and mildew. In the manufacture of the material used larch, tropical wood or wood-plastic composite. Thus, in many respects decking exceeds its natural counterpart.
Stacking material is the same as the installation of wooden flooring. Therefore, before lay floor on the balcony, it is necessary to align the support surface and install the joists.
Laminate on the balcony or loggia: the pros and cons of flooring
Laminate flooring - this is the material that is perfectly suited as a floor covering in the case where the loggia is a continuation of the room. Photos interior balcony of the apartment is clearly demonstrated with this design. A prerequisite of a successful application of the material is glazed balconies and stairs.
Laminate is excellently combined with the "warm floor" system
Useful advice!Living room should choose laminate class 21 and 22, and for the balcony - similar in texture, but more durable material, ideally - 32 class.
Laminate - a multilayered material consisting of chipboard or paper with high moisture resistance, a protective film, a paper layer with a pattern, which is coated with a melamine resin. The wide variety of colors is due to the fact that the laminate can print any image. The benefits of the material include:
- easy installation and maintenance;
- a wide range of textures and colors that imitate wood, stone or tile;
- low cost.
Among the drawbacks of the laminate should be allocated a high noise: when walking on it, and when falling loud sound is produced in a laminate of the solid object. Furthermore, the material has low moisture resistance, however this is not the best idea of repairing an open balcony. Its surface is sufficiently slippery.
At the same time, a special laminate with a low thermal conductivity and high thermal stability, is considered the most the best material that can be used for underfloor heating system, therefore optimally suitable for installation on insulated balcony. Photos of various interiors indicate its high aesthetic characteristics.
Another advantage of laminate flooring - easy to care for
The feasibility of using linoleum in the balcony
Linoleum is considered universal floor covering. It is used in bedrooms, living rooms, kitchens and often make a choice in his favor when deciding the question of what to do on the floor loggia or balcony.
The popularity of the material due to its numerous advantages, among which are the following:
- low cost;
- a wide range of colors and patterns;
- easy to clean;
- ease of installation;
- high humidity;
- reliable heat and sound insulation.
Despite the numerous advantages, material has its disadvantages:
- characterized by low resistance to ultraviolet radiation, so it is best to lay on the glazed balconies and loggia;
- from furniture and heavy objects appear dents, which can result in damage to the coating;
- on the market a lot of low-quality products, which quickly wears out and loses its appearance.
Linoleum embodiments relates to a low-floor coverings on balcony
Linoleum on the balcony can be used with the system of underfloor heating. However, for this it is necessary to select a special multi-layered linoleum heterogeneous, layers which are expanded equally, which prevents deformation when heated.
Linoleum floor on the balcony: how to make your own hands
Floor finishing on the balcony is best to choose insulated linoleum, which has high practicality. It provides strength and insulation thick fibrous base. It should be insulated material is more expensive, but the quality of it is much higher.
Useful advice!It is best to use for laying a solid piece. If the floor nonstandard form, it is necessary to measure the widest and longest place and add 5 cm as allowance.
Before you make a floor on the balcony, it is required to prepare the ground. For this purpose it is necessary to clean and level. After the purchase of linoleum needed size, it should be spread out at room temperature and allow to align. A few days later the sheet is adjusted for the desired size with a sharp knife. On the edge of putting heavy objects. It is desirable that the edges left by two centimeters. Excess material will hide the plinth, but in the case of desiccation are formed gaps.
Linoleum is easy to installation, so all the work is easy to do yourself
Fixing plinth affects the overall quality of laying linoleum. It is recommended to choose a model with a flexible edge, which fit perfectly on the joints. The length of the plinth, measure, taking into account the coupling and mounting brackets. It is important that the corners were well pressed and attached to the wall.
equip the loggia is often a residual, so as to cover the use of linoleum pieces that were left after finishing the other rooms. This job requires certain skills, as it implies the use of the method of "cold fusion." The adhesive previously applied to the underside of linoleum, under joint enclose dense material. Further, the junction is heated dryer construction bonding surfaces. You need to make sure that the glue does not tread through the seams, because it is quite difficult to remove.
Self-leveling floor on a balcony or loggia: pros and cons
Modern technology is self-leveling floor has been applied not only in manufacturing but also in residential construction. Special demand for the pouring of balconies and loggias closed type are self-leveling floors that are created to operate year-round on the sports field. The main advantages of such floors are to a high level of wear resistance, moisture resistance and resistance to temperature. They are easy to care for, and they have the original appearance.
Filling coverage provides unlimited opportunities to create a floor with the original design
The main disadvantage of such a coating - is the high price of materials. In addition, the surface gives a very smooth and slippery because, in connection with which no rugs on a loggia can not do.
Installation is carried out on the basis of concrete screed, so you can organize self-leveling floor on the balcony with his hands. The process itself includes the following stages:
- Purification and primer surface. Prepare the entire area under the fill, including the lower part of the wall. The primer should be selected in accordance with the selected self-leveling flooring.
- Fastening toe perimeter strip which will not permit the floor from damage in the event of misalignment.
- Training staff to fill the floor. There must operate strictly according to the instructions of the manufacturer and comply with the proportions of water and mixtures thereof. It is important to thoroughly mix the solution using a special mixer construction.
- Fill the floor and alignment. Typically, the mixture itself rests evenly, it is sometimes necessary to use a special needle roller.
- Curing of the mixture. It will take approximately twenty-four hours, after which the floor is ready for operation.
Painted floor on the balcony and in the carpet as a coating
Often floorings use a simple painting that is acceptable to the concrete and wooden floors with pre-primer. Paint provides surface protection and decoration is an excellent method. It should be noted that the lacquer or paint wooden floors are better suited for gated loggia, and colored concrete floor can be operated in an open environment.
It looks very impressive on the balcony carpet imitating a green lawn
Before applying the paint surface should be thoroughly cleaned and leveled. You can make cement, which will provide the necessary smoothness of the floor. For this has not dried up concrete floor is sprinkled with a thin layer of dry cement and aligned with a brush surface. After drying the surface is covered with paint the color you want.
Less often than other types of flooring on the balcony used carpet. It is appropriate in cases where the balcony is an extension of the living room and serves as a place for relaxation or children to play. In such cases, a soft carpet to be most relevant. Carpeting different pleasant to touch surface on which one can walk barefoot, as it has a high degree of sound and heat insulation. The consumer can choose the material to your taste and color, giving preference to natural or synthetic fibers.
Thus, there is a wide range of materials intended for arranging floor on the balcony or loggia. Modern technology market and allow you to select the most suitable option, the intended operational load, wherein high aesthetic characteristics as decorative properties and affordable price.