When to plant tomatoes in a greenhouse: how to plant and cut off, collect during fruiting, remove seedlings

When to plant tomatoes in a greenhouse - a question that interests gardening When planting tomatoes in a greenhouse - a question that interested gardeners In our latitudes, most gardeners prefer to grow tomatoes in a closed ground. This implies better conditions for the growth and development of plants, as well as for their fruiting. However, in the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse has its own nuances. For example, it is important to know when to plant tomatoes in a greenhouse. The future growth of plants and the quality of the harvest depend on the correctness of planting. It is important to take into account that too early planting can lead to night frosts that can destroy plants.

Contents:
    • When to plant tomatoes in the greenhouse
    • best time of planting seedlings of tomato for the greenhouse
    • Planting whether tomatoes in the greenhouse in April
    • When pick tomatoes in the greenhouse
    • time fruiting of tomatoes in the greenhouse
    • Dates: When to plant tomatoes in a greenhouse( video)

When to plant tomatoes in a greenhouse

Those who grow seedlings for more than a year know that before planting it should be properly taken care of - only then itgain strength, get stronger and will feel good about themselves indoors. Usually seedlings grow in April - it all depends on the kind of seeds. Sowing seeds can be at different times, so when buying it is important to pay attention to the instructions on the package.

Planting of tomatoes should begin when the seedling has reached a certain size( usually 25-30 cm in length), and also when night frosts stop.

Seeds are usually planted in May - this is the most favorable time for it. If the beginning of the month turns out to be cold, and at night the temperature will drop significantly. Care should be taken to install arcs and heat cover.

Seedlings are usually planted in early May Seedlings are usually planted in early May

Tips for planting tomatoes:

  • Seedlings can not be planted in the same soil for several consecutive years.
  • Do not plant seedlings in the place where cucumbers used to grow, because they are sick with the same diseases.
  • If tomatoes are planted in the place where they were last year, the top layer of the soil is necessarily replaced.

Harvesting can be done at different times - it all depends on when the seedlings were planted, as well as from the tomato variety. It is important to ensure the correct conditions for plants - normal air humidity, stable temperature regime and watering, then the harvest will be of high quality, and it will be very pleasant to shoot it. Tomatoes like light and do not like moist air, so do not put them together with cucumbers in one greenhouse.

Best planting time for seedlings tomato for a greenhouse

When transplanting seedlings in a greenhouse, the plant is experiencing considerable stress. The future harvest depends on the correct planting and adaptation. That's why the seedlings must be strong and hardened.

During the growth of seedlings, after it grows stronger, you need to temper it. For this, the room needs to be ventilated, and later - to carry the seedlings to fresh air.

Before planting seedlings in the ground, you need to prepare it for a difficult test for it. This should be done a couple of weeks before the transplant. Preparation stages include: moderate watering and frequent airing, reducing the room temperature to 5 degrees, tempering plants outdoors outdoors.

After the seedling gets stronger, it needs to be hardened Once seedlings are strong, it needs to be hardened

Planting options:

  • Greenhouse. The plants are usually planted in the greenhouse from the first to the tenth of May.
  • Film. Shelter under the film allows planting plants, from 15 to 25 May.
  • Open ground. Supposes planting more powerful plants - from May 25 to June 10.

To check if the plant is ready for transplantation, it is possible by its appearance. It should look strong, its stem should have a height of 30-35 cm, and on the bush should be 6-8 leaves. Ripen plants in different ways, depending on the plant variety. At the initial stage, it is not recommended to rip off the tops of plants. It is important to remember that irrespective of the variety, the weather conditions, the abundance of light and the level of humidity influence the ripening of tomatoes.

Plant tomatoes in a greenhouse in April

In April, the plants are still too weak to plant them in a greenhouse. It is this month that the seedlings are beginning to harden. Modern varieties of plants are tomatoes that are fairly resistant to changes in temperature.

If the temperature in the street is not lower than 12 degrees Celsius, then the seedlings can be safely taken out to fresh air.

It is important to ensure that during tempering the plants are in moistened soil, in no case can they be wilted. Some experts recommend that before planting sprinkle seedlings with a weak boric solution, then the first flower buds will most likely remain. It is important that all actions are performed correctly, otherwise all work can go wrong.

  • At the initial stage, you should carefully monitor the temperature regime: it should beNot less than 18 degrees in the daytime and 15 degrees at night.
  • No need to water the seedlings too often - enough once after the appearance of the seedlings and two to three times within two weeks. And also for three hours before the transplant.
  • In order to provide seedlings with uniform growth, boxes with seedlings need to be turned every day by different sides to the light.

You do not need to feed seedlings. The main thing is to withstand the correct temperature and light conditions. Seedlings can be dived after the first leaves appeared on it.

When cutting tomatoes in a greenhouse

Many people ask the question: "Do you need to cut off tomato leaves, and why do it at all?" The leaves are a full-fledged "plant organ", so the question seems quite appropriate. But experts advise cleaning the leaves of tomatoes, though not all and at certain times.

If the old sheet is not removed in time, it can damage the entire bush, since it is the weak leaves that can infect bacteria and fungi.

Some leaves cover other, more lush leaves. They grow poorly and only slow down the growth of the whole bush. Such leaves must also be cut off to strengthen the entire bush. Sometimes a leaf grows out of a flowering brush - it also interferes with intensive growth and fruit bearing.

Crop the leaves of tomatoes should be very neat Trimming tomato leaves should be very neat

How to trim the leaves:

  • Remove the two bottom sheets. The procedure is tedious to spend a couple of times in a few weeks.
  • Some tomatoes grow very quickly and magnificently. If there are too many sheets, the number of cut leaves can be increased to six.
  • If the tomato brushes are not tied, then you do not need to remove the leaves from the top.
  • In the case of the bridle and the formation of all the berries, the leaves below the brush can be cut.

Cut the leaves very carefully so as not to disturb the movement of the juice on the plant. Leaves should be properly torn off, gently holding the stem. If the sheet is pulled down, you can remove too much peel, which unambiguously damage the plant.

Fertility time of tomatoes in a greenhouse

Some gardeners argue that tomatoes should not be fed. Others feed tomatoes three times over the entire period of their growth. Plants need fertilizer when they start to grow, when they are brushes and during fruiting.

Many try to accelerate the time of fruiting, in order to have time to collect several crops and cope with their collection before the onset of cold weather.

You can accelerate fruiting and increase yield by using several methods. The first is natural, the second is artificial. Fruiting period is very important. In its beginning, it is important to trace the formation of inflorescences, if they did not appear, then plants are oversaturated with nitrogen.

To accelerate the fruiting and increase the yield of tomato can be by several methods Fertilizing and increasing the yield of tomato can be done in several ways.

Tips for top dressing during fruiting:

  • Prepare a mortar-base, which contains iodine and ash. For this, two liters of ash is dissolved in five liters of boiling water. After the solution has cooled, another five liters of water, the contents of a bottle of iodine and 10 g of boric acid, are added to it.
  • A solution with ash can be prepared with the addition of manganese instead of boric acid. Manganese improves metabolic processes and nitrogen digestibility.
  • Tomato fruiting can be accelerated using a solution based on bird droppings and mullein. One gram of copper sulfate can be added to the solution with one gram of manganese.
  • For feeding, you can use a special chemical - "2,4-D".It accelerates the growth and fructification of tomatoes.

In order for tomatoes to actively bear fruit, transplants need to be transplanted at a specific time - usually in May. When caring for tomatoes, it is important to properly dig them, pinch and feed them in time. During fruiting, tomatoes should be protected from waterlogging, cold and overheating.

Timing: when to plant tomatoes in a greenhouse( video)

Before planting seedlings in a closed ground in a greenhouse, it must be properly grown from seeds. The time of plant growth and its intensity depends on the variety of tomatoes. His choice should be taken very carefully. The greenhouse is best planted with hybrid varieties of tomatoes - they are more resistant to temperature and humidity changes, and are less susceptible to attacks by bacteria and fungi. When the seedlings become stronger, and the spring night frosts cease, the plants can be transplanted into a greenhouse. It is better to do this in May.