The patchwork base is patchwork, that is, in pieces. One whole canvas in the final bill will consist of several connected together( not stitched, it should be noted).That's why the simplest technique is bed linen, where the flaps are selected for geometric shapes. Begin, for example, from squares.
- Basic patchwork technique for beginners: step by step
- Beginner patchwork: master sewing class
- Master sewing class in patchwork style( video)
- Patchwork technique: templates and patterns for beginners
- How to design patchwork schemes for beginners
- Sewing in patchwork style for beginners( video)
- Patchwork for beginners( photo)
Basic patchwork technique for beginners: step by step
Main «fishThe patchwork consists in the correct set of loops. For this, an even number for two faces is immediately typed. The transition remains on the spoke itself. If this flap is boundary( edge), then an additional loop is created, along which a bend( a tight loop) will be performed later.
Patterns for sewing and knitting patchwork can be found anywhere. Sold even special sets for knitting this technique, which consist of short spokes and a hook. The most important thing at the same time is observing the same thickness of the strand. Although experienced masters can use and different, but there will need to make a correct calculation of the nodes, so that they create the same length. As a rule, for this purpose it is most convenient to use graph paper or special paper.
So, where does patchwork begin?From the set of loops, as it was written above.
But you need to take into account the fact that:
- Both sides of the canvas are facial.
- For the displacement of the flap edge, air loops are used.
- The curved transition from one flap to the other is done by tightening the hinge diagonally. That is, the first( edge) loop is taken and stretched by an even line to the junction point.
What fabrics should I choose for patchwork?For beginners, silk, linen and wool are perfect. Synthetics, as a rule, do not apply even in thick strong yarns. The final result with its use will not correspond to what was drawn according to the sketch, since the fabric will shrink, the loops will wear off. A habitual business.
Patchwork for beginners: master sewing class
It's not difficult to guess that if we are talking about a pattern, then we use leaf knitting. It is convenient to create both a drawing and patterns on it. With sewing things are somewhat more complicated. However, here we should mention the main advantage of patchwork - cutting is chosen at the discretion. No curly puffs or double-sided knots are provided. That's why this technology is so easy for newcomers.
How to start patchwork?With the preparation of the sketch. Someone takes them from the book, someone prefers to create their own. Fortunately, now there are even specialized computer programs that allow you to build sketches in just a few mouse clicks. Style is chosen by anyone, preferable for the needlewoman. For beginners, it is best to prepare primary sketches based on simple geometric shapes. For example, sewing with rectangles or triangles, rhombuses. In this case, prepare rough drafts will not be a problem. In addition, you can use the old remnants of cloth, taken from the sewing of other things. Their quality and quantity will in no way affect the end result in any way.
The prepared set is conventionally decomposed as the thing looks like in the future. If the size of the canvas is too large, then it can be divided into 2-4 parts. Only consider that those that have internal faces will be sewn without the edge.
The following technique is extremely simple - the flaps are stitched along an internal invisible contour. It is not forbidden to sew one over the other cloth, thus hiding the back of the work from the eyes of others. Thus, for example, blankets or blankets, pillowcases are created. Naturally, you can use a sewing machine. Schemes of cut are used standard.
Total, the whole process on the patchwork is:
- creating a preliminary sketch;
- search or create the required flaps;
- stitching on the inner contour.
As many have guessed, there will be only one face piece, in contrast to knitting.
Master sewing class in patchwork style( video)
Patchwork technique: templates and patterns for beginners
Needlework is not always a creation of a thing by a personal sketch. Accordingly, patterns and patchwork patterns can be found in many sources, from thematic forums to specialized books. But still create sketches - not difficult. After all, in this technique, a certain percentage of the "chaotic" pattern is permissible. The main thing is that the end result should be liked by the person who uses it.
The most simple and elementary variations of the patterns are knitting socks and mittens from a solid base. The flap is knitted with identical parts from the same square, which are joined together by air loops. With sewing - and even easier. It is enough to collect the flap and add it to the inner edge. First you can just practice on bed linens or banal mats without bends and turns.
A more complex technique is a circular pattern. Its main difference:
- It is necessary to accurately calculate the number of loops and add to each level 1-5( depending on the size of the final product).
- The connection can be made not only by air, but also simple loops with an edge( thus creating an additional texture pattern).
- Colors are combined according to the flaps. Use multi-colored fabric is not recommended( although in some cases it is still allowed, for example, if a napkin is sewed or sewn).
As always, training is simply on the flaps. The inner edge can be made even if you use the straight line technique. But this will require a sewing machine.
The last thing that should be mentioned - do not use patch blocks for patchwork. Yes, sewing with them will be much more convenient, but for beginners this will not bring any experience. Sewing two pieces of fabric can generally without skills in needlework, and creating the whole composition is a completely different level.
How to develop schemes for patchwork for beginners
Having analyzed the basics of patchwork, it is possible to undertake several schemes. Do not assume that the first product will be like a master class. Most likely, it will just be a single canvas. This does not even require millimeter paper.
So, let's say you have at home a small number of flaps from the old cut. It is not so important what size each of them is. The main thing - smooth edges( or it is enough to perform pruning).Next, a sketch is created and they are laid out as they will be on the final product. Do not use a substrate. It is better to do everything step by step, and if you are sure of the final result - you can immediately connect the flaps. Any lessons for this exact will not be needed.
So you can create:
- abstract paintings;
- knitted, for example, a scarf( ends either open or create an edge);
- patchwork blocks( as decoration for furniture or desk.
It's not necessary to prepare a pattern beforehand. It will be required for complex things in the pattern, where several elements will be combined simultaneously.
That is, for example, if you plan not only to connect several flaps, but also add some pattern to each corner of the canvas. Naturally, the tissue is selected one type or at least similar. If you need to shorten the cut, then it is simply cut with scissors along the long edge. This option is not suitable for knitting, there you just need to loosen the hinges.
Sewing in patchwork style for beginners( video)
Patchwork, although it was invented in the early 20th century, it was actively used and much earlier, thus saving fabric. It is believed that for the first time sewing this method was invented in England, and from there patchwork in its modern form migrated to Europe, Russia.