Any staircase performs not only an aesthetic function, it should be convenient and functional. It is difficult to imagine that in a 2-storey building there will be no staircase or another version of the lifting system. Many variants of construction, decoration of stairs, decor of steps( march on Kosovar, semi-circle) have been developed. And the ladder designs themselves with original design solutions are many. The original spiral staircases can be made with their own hands, the main thing is to observe the safety rules.
- Modern spiral staircase in the house: types
- How to make the spiral staircase
- Reliable spiral staircase with your own hands
- Spiral staircases for the house: swivel structures
- Round stairs: installation
- Popular models of screwStairs: basic types
- Cast-iron spiral staircases
- Glass construction of spiral staircase
- Pine steps for spiral staircases
- Spiral staircase with your own hands( view)
- Examples of spiral staircases( photo)
modern spiral staircase in the house: types
helical staircase in an apartment or house - Durable and lightweight construction for a stylish interior. It is called so, because it is constructed from steps that are mounted on the central pillar. The main distinguishing feature of spiral staircases is the saving of usable area.
Spiral stairs are made of metal or wood, with a stand in the center or on the strings. As a rule, the model does not provide risers - their presence makes the screw staircase construction not very convenient in everyday use.
This constructive feature is explained, first of all, by the fact that the width of the rung in the middle of the construction does not coincide with the human foot - without risers, the movement along the staircase becomes many times more convenient and not dangerous.
The design of the ladder can be different, the following types are popular:
- Square screw.
The popular size of a square spiral staircase is 1200x1200, round 120 cm, 140 and 160 cm. Today you can buy ready-made models of domestic production for dacha or multi-storey apartment. The installation of stairs is complex, so it is better to contact professionals. If there are skills of construction, then you can make beautiful stairs yourself, in the article below it will be discussed.
How to make a spiral staircase
You can make a ladder yourself if you have the experience and skills of construction. The interstorey construction can be screwed if the house's footage is small. It is reliable, creates convenience and occupies relatively few meters.
Before installing correctly, the design of the spiral staircase must be selected so that it is not too massive and easy to use and maintain.
The choice options are many, which one to prefer, will depend on financial capabilities and experience. Monolithic construction should be, first of all, multifunctional, that is, cope with its purpose. And the main function of the spiral model is comfortable descent / lifting on a small footage.
A compact spiral staircase in a confined space can be made from different types of wood. The stage can be ordered online in the company or in a traditional specialized store. But, if you have the skills, you can do it yourself. It is important to choose the right wood, better the oak, but if the finances do not allow that, you can get by with a pine. Fir will do. The manufacturer must be responsible for quality, give guarantees.
Inside the steps should be about 100 mm in size, the middle around 200 mm. The length of the step, depending on the specific conditions, can be approximately 800 mm. In the narrow place of the step should be a hole under the rack, a diameter of not less than 50 mm. On the steps there should be a place for the railing. The metal tube( stand) to the tube is welded to the flange with 4 holes, at the second end there must be a thread. The step height should not be more than 250 mm. Then to the steps you need to attach the racks for the handrail. On the wide side is attached a square or triangular kerchief, it is decoration, decoration. It is better to make the rails composite, and fasten the posts to the handrails with special glue. Fencing for spiral staircases must be built, it is a security guarantee. Before work it is important to think everything over and make a plan.
Diagram, the drawing can be made in Autocade( dwg format), which can be downloaded through the Torrent program. A special program will allow you to see the model in a section, eliminate errors. If you do not have confidence in your forces, it is better to buy a complete set, a ladder, where all the details are complete with the instruction.
Reliable spiral staircase with your own hands
If the living room or another room does not differ in size for placing marches, then an excellent solution is a narrow spiral design with forging. Forged spiral design looks great in the interior, if the finish is made of natural building materials. Round modular models are used for lifting to the attic with a hatch, that is, as an auxiliary structure.
However, the device provides some disadvantages:
- The climbing in the screw structure is inconvenient, there is a risk of injury.
- Furniture is extremely difficult to lift.
- Steps for the right and left legs of different sizes.
However, examples of interior design show that, in the aesthetic sense, the ornate staircase looks airy and expensive, the perfect solution to take and decorate the design. Despite the shortcomings, spiral staircases do not lose their relevance and are constantly receiving positive feedback, like the book with the same name, talented writer Ethel White.
Spiral staircases for the house: swivel structures
Rotary systems - sub-type of staircase screw structures. They are partly, or completely composed of runners.
stands out. There are some modifications for a device in an apartment or a private house:
- Quarter turnaround;
It is preferable to make and mount circular rotary wood structures along the bearing wall, but the handrail should be arranged from the outside. In separate houses you can see the construction standing without attaching to the wall. Less production of spiral staircases of this type - the inconvenience of walking on the steps, the system itself looks quite stylish and aesthetic.
Round ladders: installation
The assembly of stairs purchased in Ikea, Kirov or other cities must be done in a certain way.
specialists for assistance. Specifically:
- The first step is to make calculations and make sure that the staircase will stand up well in the small openings.
- Next, you need to select a location for the main rod where the flange will be fastened.
- The first step is attached to the floor surface and enters the flange.
- The vertical level should be checked with the help of the building level.
- The bushing is mounted on the central pillar. Steps are mounted according to the instructions proposed by the manufacturer.
- The ladder is attached to the walls of the opening on the bolts or with the help of the upper step.
- A support rod is fastened from above.
- Handrails and fences are installed.
It is important to understand that in each specific case the home screw stairs to the 2nd floor are arranged taking into account a number of nuances. It is important to take into account the opening, height, size and other individual characteristics. The pragmatist will manage himself, if there are no skills, it is better to turn to professionals, since technology, norms of GOST and SNiP should be observed.
Popular models of spiral staircases: basic types
There are 4 types of spiral staircase designs.
- Simple construction with wedge-shaped steps.
- In the second variant, individual steps are cantilevered from the middle monolithic pillar.
- Does not have an internal support post.
- Ladder made of steel with support rod inside.
If a screw structure is installed as the main tread, the length must be at least 900 mm, the opening must be a diameter of 2000 mm. The wide staircase is due to the fact that not only the ladder structure, but also the fence with the handrail around should fit in the opening.
If space is not enough, less than 100 mm, then you can forget about comfort, the hand can be accidentally injured.
If the spiral staircase plays the role of an additional element, such as small, rectangular, folding or street, a small opening and diameter will suffice. This design of the spiral staircase is usually used for lifting to the attic space.
Cast iron spiral staircases
Cast iron staircases look very impressive.
The staircases of cast iron are in demand for many centuries and have the following advantages:
- Reliability of construction;
- Strength and safety;
- Simple installation;
- Large selection of designs, coloring in the favorite color;
- Resistance to temperature changes;
- If the model is arranged on the street, then protection from atmospheric influences;
- Complete construction modularity;
- Classical style, aesthetics;
Depending on the opening, the ladder design can be arranged with a round, triangular or trapezoidal exit platform. Most of the components of which today are produced stairs made of cast iron are cast iron, some are made of galvanized steel. The innovative process of coating with paint, honed over many years of application, guarantees stability to almost all types of external influences. Elegance, mystery, a great choice of designs and durability make spiral staircases the most suitable for the device inside or outside the apartment, at home.
Glass design of the spiral staircase
It was about 10 years ago that there was no thought in my head that a white matte or transparent glass ladder design of a screw configuration could be installed in the house. Nowadays this is no longer a novelty and a rarity, as the technologies have not stood still, and they offer advanced people something innovative, interesting and reliable.
Screw constructions - metal with glass at first glance are very fragile, but this is a mistaken feeling, the staircase is very strong, there are increased safety requirements.
But here's what about external data, the glass looks chic and easy. The design seems to hang in the air. Staircase constructions made of screw-type glass are not heavy and inexpensive models, which consist of rungs. The construction is not complex, the steps are wedge-shaped, mounted along the circumference of the support. However, the shape of the steps and the installation can be carried out using different techniques.
Screw staircases made of glass are located not only on vertical surfaces, but also away from them, representing a luxurious and trendy interior detail in space, as in the old days when the structure was located in the tower. Stairs of a spiral shape can be not only round, they can repeat the arrangement of walls. In general, glass staircases are an excellent and reliable solution for small-footage houses.
This is not just a cascade of grandeur and a multifunctional object, it will also create a feeling:
Naturally you can not say about the convenience and reliability during operation.
Pine steps for spiral staircases
To create workpieces under the steps, bars are taken which have been carefully cut and collected in a bag so that the directions of their annual rings look in the opposite direction, in the direction opposite to the direction.
Then the bars:
- Lubricated with special adhesive;
- Are paid;
- Crimped with clamps or wedges in wedges.
Spiral staircase with your own hands( video)
After the glue dries, the crimping is removed and the glue panels are ready for further work. Vaima is a conductor in the form of a rectangle. Vyma is glued together or a design is made, in which the wedges are clamped to its sides. Examples