Owners of two-level apartments or villas are increasingly installing spiral staircases. This choice is not surprising, because the circular design has a number of advantages over the usual marching. The main advantage is called compactness, which allows you to install a spiral staircase to the second floor in any room. In addition, simple designs can be made with their own hands, having some skills of construction work.
- Interesting spiral staircases on the second floor for the dacha: varieties of structures
- Semi-screw stairs to the second floor: design and installation features
- Circular staircase to the second floor in the interior
- How to calculate the dimensions of the spiral staircaseSecond floor
- Spiral staircases to the second floor with their own hands: the stages of installing the structure of metal
- Round staircase to the second floor: nuances of mounting
- How are spiral staircases made in(Photo)
- Beautiful spiral staircases on the second floor( photo examples)
Interesting spiral staircases on the second floor for the dacha: varieties of structures
Round staircases are the steps located on the support stand in a spiral. In their shape, treads are approximated to triangular or trapezoidal, each of which is lapped by the previous one. Due to the special location of the steps for moving, a bit more than 50% of their entire length is used.
Classify spiral staircases according to the type of fastening:
- With support on the wall and pillar;
- Around the support post( cantilever);
- On the bowstring and the fence( without the central support).
- Occupied area( semi-screw ladder requires less space for installation than conventional marching);
- Ability to choose lifting height;
- Strength and durability( small degree of freedom of steps prevents them from loosening and deformation).
- Pipe for a support post( cut off from the floor to the ceiling of the room);
- Wide tube( of a size similar to the previous one);
- Rod from which the fixtures will be made;
The most popular type of fastening is around a pillar with a diameter of at least 50 mm. This method allows you to install the design in any part of the room.
When choosing the type of ladder, it is worth considering the convenience of its further operation. The round structure is strong and durable, it occupies a small area. However, on such a ladder, it is impossible to lift large-sized things. In addition, movement on a screw structure can cause difficulties for the elderly and young children.
Half-screw stairs to the second floor: design and installation features
Half-screw staircases consist of a conventional ladder and several runways. This design is convenient for moving older people, as well as for lifting or lowering large objects. However, it takes more space than screw.
The main advantage of a semi-screw staircase is the possibility of setting an entrance anywhere in the room.
As design merits, you can also distinguish:
furniture. The installation of the semi-screw ladder begins with the fixing of the wall-mounted kosoura of the first section. Next is the installation of a retaining post, then - the second part of Kosovra( level).Then the support table is mounted, which has a groove for the niche of the Kosowr.
After all this, the step is locked. Then, the second section is installed. Further, keyways are milled, steps, rails and balustrades fastened. The final stage is the finishing finish, which will depend on the selected material: an anticorrosive compound for metal, paint or oil for wood.
Circular staircase to the second floor in the interior of the
The round staircase, besides its main purpose, is also one of the main elements of the decor. Therefore, thinking through the design, you should pay attention not only to its structure, but also the appearance. The possibility of using different materials allows you to mount a ladder that fits into any interior of the room.
Designers in the styles of minimalism and high-tech use simple and laconic details in their works. In such an interior, a metal ladder will perfectly fit. In a classic-style room, you can install a wooden structure, the luxury of which will give carved balusters. Styles are stylish and light, in which glass steps are combined with metal fences.
A special role in the design is given to the color. If the function of the spiral staircase as a decorative element is secondary, the design is performed in light colors. The matte finish will give extra lightness and unobtrusiveness.
Screw construction, which has a special role in the interior, can be performed in dark colors. In this case, its color should be combined with furniture and other decorative elements. You can also paint the stairs in a bright tone or make stairs of different shades. Such a move will make the screw structure the main element of the interior, to which all attention will be drawn.
How to calculate the dimensions of a spiral staircase to the second floor
Having decided to install a spiral staircase, the first step is to make calculations and draw drawings. The dimensions will depend on the purpose of the future design.
Spiral staircases for use purposes are divided into:
The main staircase is installed to access the upper floors of the house. For this design, the recommended length of the steps is more than 90 cm. The size of the opening should be about 200 cm for the installation of fences and railings. The recommended support diameter is more than 5 cm.
The opening for the main ladder is to make more than two lengths of steps approximately 20 cm. The gap between its surface and handrailsIn 10 cm will be convenient for the support of the tenants of the house on the rail.
Auxiliary spiral staircase is installed to access the basement or attic space of the house. In this case, the length of the steps can be equal to 60 cm with a diameter of aperture of 140 cm.
Screw stairs to the second floor with their own hands: the steps of installing the structure of metal
A simple metal ladder, which consists of steps attached to the support,.However, this process will require some knowledge and ability to work with a welding machine.
To create a spiral staircase, several metal components are required:
From a pipe with a large diameter, it is necessary to cut the bushings that will fasten the steps. The length of the sleeves will be equal to the height of the tread.
The cut cylinders must be adjacent to the support tube. If there is a gap between the support and the bushing, additional rings must be welded for compaction.
Corners are cut according to the scheme of steps and welded into the frame. The bushings are welded to the steps, which are then threaded onto the support. All parts are aligned to the drawing and are fastened together. The seams are ground, the surface of the ladder is processed. Further, fences and railings are installed.
Round staircase to the second floor: nuances of mounting
To ensure that the spiral staircase has been installed correctly and has served for a long time, it is important to carefully follow all the installation steps. And also listen to experienced masters who know how to facilitate the process of assembling the structure and extend its service life.
Do not equip steps with risers. So a person climbing the ladder, will be able to completely put his foot in a narrow place. This will eliminate the possibility of slipping the foot and, consequently, falling.
Determine the position of the support column will help stretched on the second floor cords. The ropes must be perpendicular to each other diagonally. In the obtained center a plumb line is fixed, thanks to which the point of support on the floor is projected. It is desirable to mount the support post on a concrete cushion, so that the construction will become more secure.
How to make spiral staircases on the second floor with your own hands( video)
Spiral staircase will be an excellent solution for two-level apartments or villas. When buying a design, you should pay attention to its quality and appearance, when assembling - to follow the instructions clearly. You can make and assemble a ladder with your own hands. In this case, it is necessary to make careful calculations and correctly draw up a drawing. Observance of all the subtleties will result in a beautiful and qualitative ladder, which will serve for a long time and delight the look.