Planting of coniferous trees according to all the rules
There can be a lot of different kinds of trees in the coniferous family on the site, only taking into account the complexity of planting and care for them. In particular, some coniferous trees are better to grow from cuttings, and some of them will perfectly rise from seeds. The latter include yew, plant it, if you are annoyed by the smell of needles, but apparently the trees of this family you like. Specific smell gives the resin, and in the yew she is completely absent , moreover, this is perhaps the only coniferous tree on which grow no bumps, but bright red berries. Growing yew, you will help a lot of nature, because this tree is listed in the Red Book, and the technique of planting trees of this breed is simple. True, you will have to be patient, because yew grows extremely slowly, and even in 30 years will not be above a meter.
However, to give priority to one plant, let's consider the methods of planting all conifers without exception. The most common option - the acquisition and planting of seedlings, but, by the way, this is the most expensive way. The fact is that usually saplings are grown in the open field nurseries, there they are regularly transplanted for several years in such a way that a qualitative root lump develops. True, buying a seedling is also associated with a certain risk, because you can sell a tree from the forest, which will die in a couple of months. How can one not make a mistake and get healthy seedlings, counting on the rapid landscaping of the site? Or maybe it's better to plant seeds?
Planting coniferous trees in spring until they wake up
The vegetation period of each plant directly depends on the climate and starts right after the onset of a warm season. Therefore, is the most correct one to plant coniferous trees in spring, before the beginning of the above-mentioned period, while the plant "sleeps" .This, of course, in the event that you decide to purchase young trees from the nursery. After a long transport during the movement of juices can easily kill the seedling, as a result, it is practiced selling "from land to land" before or after the growing season. That is, sometimes it makes sense to plant coniferous trees in autumn, at this time they are already "falling asleep".When the conifer is already brought in, and you are ready to lower it into the prepared pit, do not forget to orient the crown to the sides of the world, just as the plant was formed initially.
Sometimes coniferous trees are transported in special containers, especially when the seedlings have a long journey. But such a method of transportation has a negative side - the containers contain an artificial substrate from peat, and not soil, and plant nutrition is due to complex fertilizers in capsules similar to fish eggs, which gradually dissolve. It is clear that such replenishment is added to the containers in excess, but it is difficult to calculate how much fertilizers will suffice, but there is no other way to support the plant transported in the container. With watering, too, there are problems, because it is worth mistaken with the amount of moisture and the roots of the seedling either rot, or overheat due to the drying of the substrate.
Planting coniferous trees with seeds directly on the site
Far from every cone can give life to new coniferous trees, and not all seeds from mature cones, after hitting the ground, sprout. Remember how many animals and birds in the forest shred from under the scales of seed, dropping them from time to time on the ground. If each seed produced a seedling, the forests would long ago have turned into impenetrable forests. Therefore, if you decide to grow a coniferous tree in your area of the seed, it will take some effort to awaken life in a tiny seed. This process is called stratification and consists in the following: the seed is immersed in a specially prepared wet substrate at a certain temperature. After a certain period( for different breeds it is not the same), the period of rest of the seed is interrupted and shoots appear.
As for the composition of the substrate, it also has two types, depending on the size of the seeds. So, for fine suits sand or perlite, but large seeds are stacked in sphagnum sphagnum. Stratification can take place in one or two stages. In the first case, the seeds are placed in the cold, at a temperature of -4 to +4 degrees, and kept under such conditions until the very landing. The second option is to hold the seed at room temperature for about a week and then remove it into the cold.
Before planting, it is not necessary to take the seeds out of the cold immediately into heat, they immediately immerse themselves in the very state from which they were tried to deduce stratification. It should gradually increase the temperature, which is possible only with the help of a refrigerator. When the seed environment reaches a temperature that is identical to room temperature, you can proceed to planting.
Planting conifers with seeds is not an easy task, sprouts, and then young trees will require constant care. But you will be rewarded when you have a grove of strong healthy trees on your site that will please you with the aroma of needles( or vice versa, if there is no such tree if it is a yew).