All the year round at the cottage or how to make the heating of the attic high-quality?

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There are a lot of ways, which one to choose?

Before you begin to develop a heating system, the attic must be well and properly insulated. Then there are several options:

  • If the house already has a working heating system, then you can mount additional pipes and batteries to it. In this case, if the pump is weak, then it will need to be replaced by a more powerful one, so that it can cope with the increased load;
  • When air heating the house to the main road, you can connect additional air ducts, which are output to the attic;
  • Another way is the old kind heating with electrical appliances;
  • And the most attractive option for many is the installation of a fireplace. It has good indicators of efficiency and safety, but it will always be necessary to ensure the availability of solid fuel, which adds additional trouble.

However, the most appropriate solution is to install an autonomous heating system. How to heat the attic? For this, the heating system itself is needed, which consists of a heating boiler, a combustion system and air supply, radiators, a pipeline and pumping equipment. If the house is connected to a centralized gas supply, the boiler operates from it. If there is none, the boiler can operate on electricity, liquid or solid fuel.

Note! If the boiler is of sufficient capacity, then the heating of the attic floor can be made from it, if the boiler is weak, an independent heating system is installed on the floor.

Important points in the calculation of the

Thermal design of the attic should include not only the ways of its insulation, the arrangement of furniture and windows, but also thinking over the place where the boiler or fireplace will be installed, the systems for the removal of combustion products, possible placement of fuel. The boiler and fireplace can be connected to a common chimney system or you can think of a separate outlet for smoke and fumes.

An important point is the planning of the type of ventilation. It can be a natural air circulation or forced. The first method has advantages, since it is not necessary to install the pump, which will save money on paying bills for electricity. Disadvantages can be considered large diameters of pipes, a clear compliance with all deviations of the system and the inability to use many modern materials. In this regard, it is recommended that the heating scheme with the attic of the house be forced ventilation.

Important! Determining the way of circulation, you need to choose the right type of boiler, since not all of them can work with both types of circulation.

Another important point is the correct selection of pipe routing. Qualitative wiring will serve the optimal distribution and use of heat, which produces the boiler. The best option is considered to be compulsory circulation with a two-pipe scheme. In such a system, the pump plays an important role, which ensures air circulation.

Heating the attic with the help of the fireplace

So, how to heat the attic? There is not always a wide range of options. So, if it's a summer cottage, then making an autonomous heating system will be expensive, and electric heaters are less efficient. In this case, the best option is to arrange a fireplace in the attic.

When deciding to make a fireplace, it is necessary to understand that this heater is heavy, so it may be necessary to strengthen the floor in the place of its installation. Its weight, in many respects, will be affected by the intensity of heating, because, the more often it is produced, the larger the furnace needs to be made, and, consequently, the mass will increase. With intensive heating, it is possible to make a furnace with metal pipes, which will lower the pressure on the floor. For a mansard is ideal lightweight fireplace with a light construction of pipes.

Note! If possible, it is possible to install an electric fireplace, as it is safer, easier to install and much easier to operate. Any fireplace can be chosen, whether on logs or coal. However, its design must be carried out in such a way that it is combined with a common ventilation system. When heating, it is best to use hornbeam, beech, oak, as they produce the greatest amount of thermal energy. Wood briquettes are also effective.

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