People approach repair in different ways: someone immediately imagines the final result and all theiractions directs him to achieve it without retreating from the conceived one by one step, and for someone the future appearance of the room appears gradually, at times undergoing multiple changes in the process of work. Each of these ways has its own shortcomings and advantages, so it is impossible to unequivocally determine which one is right and which is not. How to go, everyone decides on their own, as this largely depends on the individual's warehouse.
One thing is absolutely clear: it is impossible to foresee everything and what will happen to you at the end of the repair, though a little, but will differ from the original idea. However, key points, especially with regard to the technical side of the issue, can and should be envisaged in advance, since in the future this will help you avoid endless alterations and alterations that threaten any poorly thought out repair.
In the bathroom interior everything should be subordinated to comfort and functionality issues. After all, this is the smallest room in the house, which, meanwhile, performs a variety of functions: here we perform hygienic procedures, we wash and dry linen, we store a lot of things: household chemicals, cosmetics, first aid kit, and here women spend hours, doing hair andmakeup or just relaxing in a warm bath.
Therefore, the most important thing is to achieve the rational use of space, while not neglecting the issues of style and beauty.
Getting started with interior design and bathroom design, first of all try to adequately assess the size of the room. If your house has a very small toilet and the same small bathroom, it makes sense to combine them into one multifunctional premise. This will give more useful space and help to optimally place the main elements of the interior. Based on how many square meters there are at your disposal, determine which plumbing and furniture you better buy.
Read more in our article about the design of a combined bathroom.
You can start work on creating a new interior and bathroom design by choosing the style of the room. Here you can rely only on your own taste and on the dimensions of the room. When choosing the color scheme, you should also consider the size of the room: the smaller the room, the more should be in the interior of light colors.
Choice of plumbing
Choose all the major plumbing and provide for its location better in advance, as this will depend on the piping, the placement of furniture and all other elements of the interior. Today, the plumbing market offers a variety of modern solutions for bathrooms with any technical parameters. That is why the choice of sanitary ware, first of all, depends on the possibilities that the premises itself have.
Many people come out of the situation, purchasing baths of non-standard sizes: one and a half meters or sessile. It's cheap, but extremely inconvenient. If you are not constrained rigidly in finance, it is better to choose your corner bath or shower - depending on your preferences.
You can save valuable space if you buy a pendant instead of an ordinary toilet. In addition to the fact that it occupies only a little space, it is not difficult for you to wash the floor under the bowl and behind it. Also you will be helped by angular models - not only the toilet, but also the sinks.
Here your imagination can be limited only by your financial capabilities. You can equip your bathroom not only with a standard set: a bath, a washbasin and a toilet bowl, but also supplement it with such convenient things as a shower cabin and a bidet. In this case, do not necessarily have all this abundance along the walls and in the corners of the room.
If space allows, the bath can be placed in the center of the room, setting it on beautiful legs or a pedestal. Of course, the bath in this case can be of absolutely any shape - round, square, etc.
Now popular are shells and toilets, which are monolithic constructions and resemble huge vases, bowls or barrels. Spaces like monoblocks "eat up" a lot, but look very unusual and extravagant.
pipes Once you have decided on the number, models and location of the plumbing equipment, you can begin planning the layout of the water and sewage pipes. In the absence of special skills, it is best to entrust this matter to professionals, since there are many nuances here that can lead to disastrous consequences for you and your neighbors.
Here are a few key points:
- try to at least superficially familiarize yourself with the requirements of SNiP, which relate to bathrooms;
- for the connection of water pipes use gaskets, sewer pipes must be soldered;
- do not forget to provide the location of hot and cold water meters, as well as valves, which, if necessary, shut off the water;
- if you hide the piping of water and sewage behind the wall of gypsum board, be sure to install in some places special doors that will allow you to get to the pipes without dismantling the wall;
- after all installation work is completed, start up the water and check the strength and tightness of the connections.
Wiring and lighting
Planning the wiring should be started only after you draw a plan of the room on which, besides plumbing and furniture, the location of electrical appliances - a washing machine, a heated towel rail, etc., will be displayed. Also do not forget about the small household appliances that you periodically use in the bathroom, such as a hairdryer or electric shaver. Better safe and install double sockets.
Remember that in the bathroom there is usually a large number of electrical appliances, so it will not be superfluous to connect a protective shutdown device to the wiring. In addition, take care of the grounding of all outlets, since contact of household appliances with water in the bathroom is often inevitable.
Electricity distribution must be carried out taking into account all lighting devices. The choice of fixtures depends on the size and style of the room. It can be a large single chandelier, spot lights or combined lighting.
In the bathroom there should not always be a lot of light, so can be a good solution for the dimmer , which allows to regulate the degree of illumination.
Installation of electrical wiring begins with making in the walls of long shallow grooves - strobes, into which then lay the wires. Stroke walls is a long and dirty work, so if you decide to do it yourself, be prepared to spend some time and effort.
Walls and ceilings
For the bathroom finish, use materials resistant to moisture and temperature extremes. If it is a question of a ceiling, it is better to stop the choice on plastic panels or to pull ceilings. Panels - a cheaper option, but the stretch ceiling looks much better. Stretch ceilings have a wide variety of colors and textures, and therefore can play a key role in the design of the bathroom. For example, in a glossy dark stretch ceiling, the whole room will be reflected, as in a mirror.
Read more about choosing a ceiling in the bathroom in another our article.
For walls, plastic panels, waterproof paint or wallpaper and, of course, ceramic tiles are most often used. The color of the material for the walls and the floor can be used differently, and you can visually expand the space if you paint all surfaces in a single - light color.
Ceramic tiles on walls can be combined, breaking the room into functional areas. In addition, the creation of various patterns from the tile allows you to visually change the parameters of the bathroom. For example, vertical strips raise the ceiling, and horizontal stripes move the walls apart.
There are a lot of options for decorating the walls in the bathroom. Read our article about wall finishing in the bathroom and choose the most suitable material.
The floor covering in the bathroom must be made of moisture-resistant materials. The cheapest option - linoleum, the most expensive - a natural tree. However, most often on the floor in the bathroom you can find porcelain tiles. It is a durable and durable material that boasts a huge variety of textures and colors. So, tiles are very popular, which is an imitation of natural materials - stone or wood.
If the funds permit, try to install heated floors in the bathroom. They provide additional warming up of the room and, in addition, it's very pleasant to walk on such semi-bare feet. To date, there are three types of warm floors - electric, water and infrared. The easiest to install and the safest to use is the electric warm floor.
One of the novelties of home interior in recent years - it's self-leveling floors. Frozen polymers form a perfectly smooth, seamless coating. You can choose any color or picture. Especially popular are liquid floors with the effect of 3D, representing a three-dimensional image of sea waves, clouds or any animals.
If you want to stay on the traditional version - ceramic tiles, read our article about floor tiles for the bathroom.
The final touches in creating the interior of your room will be the addition of various accessories. It can be just beautiful little things that carry only an aesthetic load. And there may be things that perform not only a decorative function, but also have some useful properties.
For example, a mirror is able to visually expand a room and make it lighter. Therefore, mirror and transparent elements - shelves or cabinet doors perfectly fit into the interior of a small bathroom.
Also do not forget about textile accessories - terry towels, soft fluffy rugs. In a monophonic interior, they can play the role of bright color spots. These decor elements need to be updated from time to time, so that the situation does not get boring.
The last item is metal elements: hooks, towel holders, door handles. Try to buy all these parts at the same time, so that the shades of metal match up.
A bathroom that is consistent in a single style will delight you and your guests for a long time.