Gable roof - a popular solution to arrangement of a private house roof
- 1 How to build your own hands gable roof angle
2 The design of gable roof
- 2.1 chevron bracing assemblies
- 2.2 Wooden crate, gables and roof
- 3 Step by step instructions on building a gable roof
How to build your own hands gable roof angle
This type of roof construction has been known since ancient times. It is the best and easiest. Such roof has two ramps plane disposed at an angle. You can see many photos of gable kryshrazlichnoy design, but they are divided into 3 main types:
- Symmetrical. In terms of the form of an isosceles rectangle. Ideally, when an equilateral triangle, ie the ramps are arranged at angles of 45 degrees to the substrate.
- Asymmetric. It has ramps of different lengths. Original decision, but it leaves little attic.
- Polyline. This roof is called mansard. The cut looks like a pentagon. Rays, as if refracted relative to the base. This design leaves a large attic space, which allows the device attic floor.
Variants of arrangement of the attic
For the construction of a gable roof with his hands of any of these types, it is necessary to know the details of its construction and is a diagram of the connection of each element.
The design of gable roof
Any roof consists of 4 main elements: truss system, Lathing, roof and gables. What are all these components?
chevron bracing assemblies
This basic bearing elements forming the roof frame. Truss system is naslonnaya and hanging. When naslonnom device design has a central pillar, which rely on the run, which lies on the supporting wall in the center of the structure. They have a run along the ridge of the house. On the external load-bearing walls of the building parallel to the ridge pole laid mauerlat. Ridge Run both mauerlat interconnected lags called rafter. For stiffening truss legs are fastened to the center pillar braces. Intuitively, this can be seen in the photo gable roof.
Elements of roof system
When the hanging type of installation of roof system central reception can be disabled. It's good when you need to open the attic space. This method makes the rafters, where there is no internal load-bearing wall. Rafters at the bottom are interconnected by tightening of the timber. The upper part is attached to rigidity via pins, fastening them.
Useful advice!EIf the roof is very wide, then a place in the area of the ridge connection rafters set rack, called grandmother. At the bottom of it rests on the drag.
For the construction of truss system need quality wood, namely, 150 × 150 boards and planks section 50 × 150 mm. To build their own hands a gable roof, in addition to the rafters, it is necessary to build a crate.
A solid roof - home decoration
Wooden crate, gables and roof
This construction is nothing else than the entire plane ramp. It is made up of boards 25 mm in thickness. Boards nailed to the rafters parallel to the ridge pole, starting from the bottom. Soft types require continuous roof batten laying over it a layer of plywood or other sheet material. On another crate attached vapor barrier and insulation if necessary.
Gables called lateral triangles formed rafter and the side wall or tightening. They will be closed with boards or other materials. They can be cut openings for windows or doors.
The elements of the roof structure
Roof - is the final finishing layer of the roof, which is designed to protect all of the structure from rain and wind. It is attached to the crate on top of the vapor barrier or insulation. Roof made from a variety of roofing materials. Besides the above basic elements of the roof has a plurality of small: ridge and wind boards, boards and eaves gutter system. To build a gable roof with his hands around the corner, you need to learn step by step instructions of this process.
Step by step instructions on building a gable roof
Before starting the installation of a gable roof with his hands, to do all the necessary calculations. The height of the roof depends on the construction of the region. In southern latitudes, where there is not much snow, the roof can be flat. In areas where high roof is required to build a lot of rainfall. Thus it is necessary to take into account the speed of the prevailing winds. For normal conditions of projection of the roof should be close to an equilateral triangle.
The main parameters of the roof can be calculated using the Pythagorean theorem
Useful advice!All calculations were performed using the Pythagorean theorem. With it you can calculate all the main parameters of the roof.
After acquiring the necessary materials, the installation is performed in the following order:
- external wall mounted rails mauerlat. If the wooden house, the need for this, as is the upper mauerlat timber outer walls. If the walls are made of bricks or blocks, mauerlat attached to them using bolts. In this case, the bolts must be securely walled in masonry walls. Mauerlat between the wall and arrange a waterproofing of roofing material;
- if the design is naslonnaya, the same way is fastened run on the central bearing wall;
- Sets the center pillars and corners are fixed or "spike". They are installed in every 2 - 3 meters;
The design of roofing pie
- the entire structure is stiffened by means of stays;
- in places where there will be a window, is strengthening by tamping bars for rigidity.
When hanging design procedures similar, but there are some features. Since part of the central pillar may not be available, the ridge beam is made of boards. It has no support, so nailed to the top of the rafters below their compounds. Sami rafters are attached between a bolt, made of planks. Fasten the rafters in advance by drawing the desired angle. Only after that is put in place. After mounting truss system sutured gables. If they go under the siding, the stitches can be dense.
Insulate the roof and equipped attic can get a full living room
Useful advice! Sew gables preferably before lathing device as trim board can be strictly on the contour of a triangle using the chainsaw. This will eliminate the need vymeryat each board.
groundworks Appliance start from the bottom of the board. It should be cut so that it can be smoothly attach hooks gutter system. The first board is placed strictly parallel mauerlat at the same distance from it. The following boards are placed parallel to it at intervals or without. It depends on the type of roof.
Qualities of the gable roof will serve as a long
If the roof attic, it is necessary to make it warming. For this purpose under the rafters filed board on which a vapor barrier is placed, and on its insulation of mineral wool or foam. Only after this is done the basic crate, which is already stacked roof. It completes the whole process of installation of the ridge and the wind boards, as well as the drainage system.
Made with his own hands all the building regulations gable roof angle will last a long time and no complaints.