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Dismantling of old floors can be performed not only during the implementation of major repairs in an apartment or a house, but in the case of loss of aesthetic and performance qualities of the coating. There are some useful tips that help you perform a point or a local repair of the surface as soon as possible. All are presented in detail in this article.
over time, the wood floor will emit an unpleasant creaking loses an attractive appearance, therefore, needs to be replaced
- 1 The reasons for the dismantling of the old wood floor in the apartment
- 2 Options for the dismantling of the wooden floor in the house
- 3 Ways to repair floors in the apartment: a detailed description of
4 How to make the floor of the apartment without dismantling the wooden floor
- 4.1 How to make the floor flat without dismantling the wooden base
- 5 The sequence of execution of dismantling the wooden floor in the house
- 6 Dismantling of old floors made of different materials
- 7 A thorough survey base when replacing wooden floor
- 8 Complete replacement of the floor in the apartment: the dismantling of the old concrete screed
The reasons for the dismantling of the old wood floor in the apartment
The wooden floor has a long service life, which can be more than 50 years. However, with time such coating begins to emit unpleasant creaking loses an attractive appearance. By constant exposure to moisture in the heated room is not enough can form a fungus. In this case, the floor needs removal.
When laying parquet or laminate must have a flat surface, the old coating it does not provide, however it performed dismantling
When laying laminate, parquet or other material necessary to create certain conditions, the main of which is to organize a smooth base. The old coating is not up to the task, so he performed major repairs or screed on the wooden floor.
The reasons for dismantling the wooden floor can be very different from them are the following:
- equipping the new flooring;
- loss of attractive appearance and great wear wood flooring;
- a high level of humidity in the room, which requires the implementation of measures to combat the mold;
- mechanical damage or rotting wooden floor boards;
- unpleasant creaking and failures in some places occurring during movement on the surface;
- deformation changes the floor surface;
- insect destruction of wooden planks;
- the use of substandard materials and errors made when installing the flooring.
Useful advice!In the absence of an adequate budget for the complete replacement of the floor covering can be repaired to "play" the floorboards.
If the old coating is not necessary to keep the whole form, for the convenience of dismantling it can be sawn
Identify the process of decay of wooden boards is possible by tapping a hammer on the floor in different places. If the sound is muffled, the item is damaged and needs to be replaced. Complete disassembly of the floor is performed when a sound is produced anywhere in the coverage under the hammer blow.
Options for the dismantling of the wooden floor in the house
Wooden floors with their own hands can be removed in two ways, depending on the expected final result.
The first option involves a fast disassembly without preserving the integrity of the coating elements. This method is used in case of absolute unsuitability of the floor. Such a method also be applied in the case of fastening wooden parts for long nails or glue. Carefully remove the board if such fixing does not work.
The second option involves dismantling boards while preserving their integrity. This method is used when re-planning device of floors in the flat, and also if necessary to eliminate errors in paving. When carrying out the second method is recommended to enumerate all the boards. This is necessary to facilitate the re-installation of the coating, since the board easily will be joined together. Such an embodiment is also used in case of subsidence of the ground. To eliminate this disadvantage is enough to add some lag under the boards, providing step is not more than 50 cm between them.
Before you remove the old paint must be completely vacate and clean the floor of debris
The work begins with the end of the room near the door opening: through the mount to hook the board. This technique allows the most convenient and fast to clean up the garbage appearing. The process of dismantling of the floor boards is performed gently, without application of brute force. It should be remembered that under the floor may extend utilities. In older homes can be found unused ventilation shafts, which are recommended to be cleaned and put into operation.
Useful advice!Unsuitable boards for easy recycling is better to saw, and not to break, which may cause splinters.
Ways to repair floors in the apartment: a detailed description of
Planked flooring in the apartment can serve not less than 30 years. To the first floor, this period is reduced by at least 10 years. The most common form of repair on the floor joists in the apartment is a culling and replacement of individual boards. Such a spot repair should be used if the number of unusable boards is not more than 15% of the total.
This process is performed in the absence of signs of lesions on the floor insects or fungus, the presence of traces of condensate, a satisfactory state lag system. This method allows you to perform insulation of the floor without dismantling the old floor.
In the absence of sufficient budget to completely replace the floor covering can be made repair "play" boards
The process begins with vybrakovyvaniya boards that must be replaced. Between them the side seams are cut. Then the floorboard is released from the nails and removed.
Useful advice!Through hole formed performed inspection of the lag is determined by the system and the need for its maintenance.
Further should be put on the wooden floor beforehand prepared and processed antiseptic patch with a gap of 1 mm, which is necessary to avoid the appearance of the coating after squeaking humidity education room. The decking pre-trimmed lower edge of the lock-groove. Bookmarks are fixed by means of nails 60-70 mm which are hammered obliquely.
How to make the floor of the apartment without dismantling the wooden floor
If the floor covering has departed or caved in boards, repair is carried out by plugging in new places nails at an angle of 60-70 degrees. However, such repair will last for 2-3 years. After a while under the influence of a constant load moderate nail heads will turn up. They have to drive back.
If the floor covering has caved in boards, repair is carried out by nailing in new places
The reason for the board deflection in the central part can serve as the destruction lagged beams under the floorboards. In this case, in the repair of wooden floor hruschevke carried out by use of locating pins. To this end, the line defined by the passage of the lag of the beam under the floorboards. Next is performed a hole 20 mm in diameter, which must not coincide with that line.
To ensure high-quality alignment of the board, rocking floorboard should unload. The wood pin hole is clogged, the tip of which should reach the concrete floor. Thanks to this repair floorboard gets additional support that can withstand any furniture.
In the case of strong subsidence floor, remove the board and perform a recovery lag system. For this purpose, certain elements can be replaced with new or implement stripe on side surfaces more boards. At this stage it is possible to perform additional insulation of old wooden floor without dismantling lagged beams. The material is laid into the space between the elements.
In the event of cross-linked lagged beams, which are supported on brick pillars, the whole system is disassembled and reconstructed again with laying out the bricks in the mortar.
In the case of strong subsidence floor, remove the board and perform a recovery lag system
How to make the floor flat without dismantling the wooden base
Extend the life of a wood floor, you can use concrete screed. The surface becomes smooth and strong, it will be possible to lay any floor covering. Screed is performed on a specific technology, taking into account characteristics of the wood substrate. Casting process is carried out on the principle of incoherent screed, which excludes the possibility of deformation.
For good interaction of concrete and wood, wooden surfaces must be primed and covered with durable waterproof film. To eliminate the possibility of subsidence or break ties in the weak places in the masonry mixture should add plasticizers to give a solution good fluidity, flexibility, strength and watertight.
Important!The device is not allowed concrete screed on the wooden floor without creating a layer of waterproofing coating.
casting technology self-leveling floor on a wooden base starts with surface preparation of detecting weaknesses that should be eliminated. All existing cracks are sealed with sealant or assembly foam. Then, the surface of undercoat is applied in two or three layers. The next step is zero marking is determined thickness of the screed.
Extend the life of a wood floor, you can use concrete screed
Further activities related to the arrangement of the waterproofing. It is necessary to attach the wall damping tape, which has 1 cm above the top of the screed. Further waterproofing film is laid overlapping 8-10 cm and with a stop on the wall of 15 cm. At this stage it is possible to perform heat insulation of old wooden floor Penoplex without dismantling.
Important!Stacking of the film must be carried out with extreme caution in order to eliminate even the slightest damage to the fabric structure.
Above the first poured concrete layer without beacons. Further reinforcing mesh is placed, the beacons are set, after which the mixture is applied to the second layer. Instead of reinforcing mesh can be used fibrovolokno, which is added to the finished solution. The material helps to strengthen concrete in all directions, without the risk of delamination and cracking.
The sequence of execution of dismantling the wooden floor in the house
Before you remove the old floor, you must completely vacate and clean the floor of debris. This is followed to prepare the necessary tools: a hammer with a claw hammer, pry bar, screwdriver, ax, jigsaw, a spade, a hacksaw, pliers, hammer, chisel, screwdriver. It is mandatory to have to purchase PPE respiratory and eye. Work is recommended to wear gloves in order to avoid the risk of splinters.
dismantling the old floor begins with removing the baseboards
Dismantling of the old floor, which cost an average of 280 rubles. / M², begins with removing the baseboards, located on the perimeter walls. To prevent damage to the element, its dismantling is carried out from the end, from the place of location of the last nail that to hook using a crowbar. In the same manner performed disconnection plinth at each point of attachment. Price dismantling the old floor does not include the cost of services for the removal of the plinth.
Useful advice!For extra protection from nicks plinth under the working tool should put a piece of plywood board or a chip.
To remove the plastic plinth must remove the bar, loosen the fasteners and separate the product from the wall.
Next, you just process of dismantling the wooden floor in a private house or apartment. Along one of the boards, which is directly adjacent to the wall, in its central portion is carried out using a jigsaw propyl, circulating or conventional saws. In this hole is inserted fomka poddevaniya for one of the halves of the board, which was subsequently removed. Then remove the second part of the sawn boards.
To prevent damage to the plinth, its dismantling is carried out from the place the last nail arrangement
For the other boards propyl jigsaw performed in a direction perpendicular with respect to a previous floorboard, dividing elements into sections of a length of 30-60 cm. This process is performed if the board is required to keep a complete form. After removing one element proceed to the next dismantling.
Useful advice!If fomka can not enter the opening between the propylene and the base board, it is necessary to hammer with a hammer.
If the board is required to keep, each element must be lifted evenly from one side to the other. The final stage of demolition work is a thorough cleaning of debris to the ground.
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If you plan on replacing the lag, the first step is removed to insulate material which is located between the elements. Further, all the system components are broken up with the help of an ax or a scrap and discarded.
The process of dismantling the floor of the board is done carefully, it should be remembered that under the floor may extend utilities
Important!If under the floor was glass wool, it should be removed only with gloves.
Dismantling of old floors made of different materials
In the case of laying on the floor of the web material for dismantling must pry coating on one side and roll it gently into a roll. If the material is laid on a concrete base, without glue, it will be easy to remove. Otherwise, the coating will depart with the exfoliated layers screed. Such material will have to be removed in fragments. The apartment cost of replacing the floor of the roll material is from 80 rubles. / M².
There are occasions when the quality adhered coating exfoliates during removal. Tie layers remain dry material to be removed with a spatula or scraper, preheat space data hairdryer construction. It is also possible with a detergent for floors old moisten the adhesive layer.
Removal of parquet is more time-consuming exercise, particularly if the material is fastened with glue or organic-based mastic asphalt. Parquet dismantled using a chisel, scrapers preheating hairdryer construction elements. For dismantling the old tiles on the floor, whose price starts from 150 rubles. / M², use the hammer with a nozzle in the form of a chisel-blade, which switches to the chiseling mode. If such a tool is missing, the work is done through the use of a hammer and chisel.
For dismantling the old tiles from the floor must use punch packed in the form of a chisel-blade
A thorough survey base when replacing wooden floor
If you are in the device floor apartment on the joists, which is planned to install a new wooden floor, the system should be thoroughly checked for the deformed, damaged or affected by fungus elements. All logs are tested under load. Element should not sag, dangle and creak. In case of detection of flaws lining updated.
Useful advice!All elements of the LAS system is recommended to treat with antiseptic means to protect them from biodegradation.
If the lag system is in good condition and does not cause fear, it will be sufficient to carry out a general cleaning of garbage mezhlagovyh spaces and install a new cover. The cavity between the beams can be filled with thermal insulation material that will act as a sound insulator.
In most cases, logs are quite worn and in need of replacement. Dismantling the product must be performed carefully and cautiously, because the elements are securely attached to the concrete base. The result is a destruction of the base cushion, recovery of which would require additional financial costs and trudoresursov.
In most cases, logs are quite worn and need replacing
Before you change the flooring, we recommend carefully examine the concrete floor, which is located under the floor finish. The base rattles in some places in order to detect delaminations, which must be removed before the healthy layer. In addition, the surface is checked for loose seats. They may be formed as a result of violations of the concrete layer casting technology, which has not received sufficient strength when exposed to moisture or eroded. Such sites should be cleared.
If the surface contains large gap may continue base destructuring process. These areas should be expanded in depth and breadth of 10-15 mm for further repair.
After the elimination of all defects and sealing cracks is carried out thorough cleaning of fine dust.
Complete replacement of the floor in the apartment: the dismantling of the old concrete screed
In the event of a large number of defects and flaws in the concrete foundation appropriate to do a new screed, which is the period of operation will be much larger than the partially corrected. Repair is also required in the case of mildew or fungus.
Before the start of the dismantling of the old ties, disconnect all possible communication that can take place under the base
Another cause for the complete replacement of the floor in the apartment with his hands can serve as the need to create additional the insulation and noise insulation layer, if the ceiling height and dimensions of doorways will not be allowed to raise the level of coverage. The new coupler is performed in the case of the organization of the wooden floor joists on the device instead of a thin coating.
There are several options for eliminating the old ties, the choice of method depends on the material and thickness of the slab. If the thickness of the base is less than 3 cm, it can be removed with a chisel and a small sledge hammer.
If the thickness of the floor screed in an apartment is greater than 3 cm, and in the case of the reinforcement steel mesh base dismantling is performed with the assistance of special units. For this purpose, suitable air hammer, high power drill with a nozzle in the form of blades or spikes, a circular saw with a diamond blade, designed for use on iron and stone.
If the thickness of the floor screed in an apartment is greater than 3 cm, the bases dismantling is performed with the assistance of special units
Before any operation should be concerned about the availability of personal protective equipment. There will need anti-vibration gloves for working with hammer or hammer, protective gloves for garbage collection, a helmet with separate or integrated headphones, masks, shoes with steel construction toe.
Useful advice!Before the start of the dismantling of the old ties, disconnect all possible communication that can take place under the ground.
First revealed a small portion of the coating for evaluation of the actual thickness of the base and the quality of the reinforcing mesh. This is necessary to determine the scope and duration of the work. Coating should begin to shoot from the far corner, moving along the wall to the door. The process is performed stripes - parallel to the wall.
Important!In carrying out the work, care must be taken to avoid damaging ties instead of the ceiling.
In carrying out the work, care must be taken to avoid damaging ties instead of the overlap
Cleaved pieces should be periodically put into garbage bags and make, so they do not clutter the room.
Removing the old flooring is straightforward but labor intensive procedure, which depends on the room dimensions and complexity of the coating. By following some of the recommendations, the work can be done on their own, which will significantly save money during the renovation.