Repairs in the Khrushchev (photo 39): preparatory work, removal of old finish, installation of windows, communications, covering of walls, floor and ceiling
Table of contents
1 General provisions
- 1.1 disadvantages
- 1.2 dignity
2 We are embarking on repairs
- 2.1 Stage №1: preparatory work
- 2.2 Step №2: removal of the old finish
- 2.3 Stage №3: installation of windows
- 2.4 Step №4: installation of communications
- 2.5 Step №5: walls, floors and ceilings
- 3 Output
- 4 Photo Gallery
Is it possible to repair in a beautiful five-storey apartment? Yes. Despite the fact that these apartments were built in his time as a temporary shelter, and have a variety of related shortcomings with skilful approach and the use of modern building technologies, and they become ideal places for residence. But how to achieve this effect, we'll talk further.
The correct approach to the renewal of the interior works wonders
Before you begin any of the repair work, you must soberly evaluate all the pros and cons Apartments this type to first neutralize skillfully, and the latter, on the contrary, maximum benefit.
- A small kitchen area, which may be 5-7 m2 depending on the time period of the construction itself of flats;
Tip: very well help to save valuable centimeters so little room sliding doors, as opposed to swing does not require additional space for its operation.
Sliding door system saves valuable space
- Small ceiling height, component 248-270 cm. This greatly limits the ability of its wall for fear of making the room very low in the apartment;
Tip: You should give up finishes such as stucco, falshbalki, high baguettes and two-level design of the FCL as a decoration "compress" the already small space.
- Unsuccessful delivering some inconveniences location communications at a distance of 5-7 cm from the wall, which also require correction;
- Low thermal insulation properties of external walls. This situation is remedied by the facade insulation foam or other suitable material;
Insulation of flat foam outside
- The thin inner wall, which thickness does not exceed 40 cm. In this case, the old partition will almost certainly require alignment, which also must be done carefully so as not to significantly reduce the free area. It is best to restrict application of the finish putties or installing a thin sheet of plasterboard;
- Low floor insulation properties. Cold, sound and dampness easily through sexual construction Khrushchev, so be sure to reinforce it;
- Sills are either very narrow or non-existent and, therefore, they must also be set in the process of carrying out repairs.
Also worth mentioning more about this attribute as a mezzanine. But the plus or minus already depends on your personal preferences.
Mezzanine - a tiny closet
- Internal partitions, though subtle, but very strong and practically do not undergo deformation processes;
- Wall, fenced off the kitchen from the living room, the carrier is not therefore possible to carry it in order to increase the useful space;
An illustrative example of the removal of the partition between the living room and kitchen
Tip: Be sure to liquidation wall Agree with everything ZhEKom or OSBB.
Otherwise, you may experience problems later in connection with the sale of apartments: have to restore the partition again, planning to meet all official documents.
- Large and wide windows fill the room with light and easy to aerate them. A particular advantage here is access to the sunny side of the building;
Window opening takes up almost an entire wall
- The need for a relatively small amount of finishing materials for even major repairs, because, as we have already noted above, we are talking about a fairly small area;
EXAMPLE layout studio Khrushchev
|Name of room||Area, m2|
|The living room (the same room and bedroom)||19,1|
- Opportunity to display their design inclinations and imagination to the fullest. The spacious apartment it would be much harder to do.
Illustrative examples repair Khrushchev
We are embarking on repairs
Renovated apartment in Khrushchev begins with preparatory work.
Stage №1: preparatory work
The first thing the following steps should be taken:
- Make a plan and estimate work. Do not neglect it. Even before the start of the whole process, you need to know exactly what and at what point you to do;
- In accordance with estimates purchase all necessary materials. Partial purchase can stretch indefinitely repair amount of time. It also makes sense in the list of financial costs and pay immediately to include the work of specialists, where you personally can not handle;
- prepare tools. Their number and type depend on your plans, but you will need some accessories in any case:
|Pencil and tape measure||Application Markup, on its accuracy depends very much, so make sure that these two simple things were always at hand|
|drill||Dismantling barriers, the creation of nests under the outlet, and simply drilling walls for installation of dowels|
|"Bulgarian"||Creating cutting grooves for wiring, dismantling of the old plumbing|
|jigsaws||Useful in case of need to shorten the various finishing materials|
|Putty knife||The application of plaster, putty, glue|
|spirit level||Control the vertical and horizontal of all installed elements of the interior, if you certainly want everything to be exactly|
|Hammer||Hammer nails, to take part in the dismantling operations, this tool is always a use|
An exemplary set of tools that you may need when performing repair work
Step №2: removal of the old finish
Typically, the walls of the old Khrushchev are covered with wallpaper and ceiling whitewashed:
- Free the space of furniture;
- Liberally moisten the wallpaper with water by a conventional sponge or spray bottle;
- Giving coating swell from moisture and peel off;
- Remove everything with a spatula;
Repairs in the living room Khrushchev: the removal of old wallpaper
- Then again with a sponge or spray bottle washed off the whitewash from the ceiling. Note that the water at the same time need a lot;
- We treat all the updated bathrooms.
Stage №3: installation of windows
A very important step, as the window openings in the apartment under consideration and planning of large, consequently, due to poor installation of insulating glass is lead to enormous heat loss.
Here are some basic guidelines that will help you avoid mistakes:
- Old frame completely removed and are cleaned after her doorway;
The liquidation of old windows
- Treat the slopes primer;
- A new frame sticking tape moisture proof and diffusion;
- Installation of glass itself is carried out on pretreated wood antiseptic pads;
Repair bedroom Khrushchev: the installation of new window frames
- All gaps and cracks should be filled with foam construction;
- The lower joint is also to insulate the special metallized tape.
Hint: it is not necessary to resort to the installation of a wide window sill.
In such a small room, she not only takes too much space, but also will prevent the natural circulation of air.
Step №4: installation of communications
Here, everything is easy and difficult at the same time: it is necessary to change all the pipes and wiring, if you want to be sure that your apartment is not an emergency happens.
Here are the main provisions in this respect:
- Wiring. Electricity can be very dangerous, it refers both to the possibility of electrical shock and the occurrence of fire due to short circuit.
- For each home electric appliance powerful set its own individual outlet;
- The greater the load on the wire, so it has to be thicker than most frequently used section for flats - 2.5 mm2;
The wire with a cross section of 2.5 mm2
- Materials purchase proven companies, you do not want to way female body is simply melted when the connected computer or television;
- Plumbing. Remove the old cast iron and replace it with a new plastic pipes, installation of which is so simple that it can handle even your own using a special soldering iron pipe. Even the heating system can be made from propylene, but it should stay on the reinforced products capable of withstanding high temperatures.
Kitchen renovation in Khrushchev: the installation of a new plastic water supply
Step №5: walls, floors and ceilings
On this point, we have already partially expressed when talking about the pros and cons of this type of planning apartments.
- The walls are neatly leveled putty or a thin sheet of plasterboard, so as not to reduce the utility room area. This is especially true when the repair is carried out in a small kitchen in the Khrushchev. Here, incidentally, recall the possibility of removing the adjacent wall to the living room;
- Sex is best to align the thin cement screed, it will immediately and good moisture barrier;
- The ceiling is the most rational way to make the tension. Yes, these models are not cheap, but they do not reduce the height of the rooms and will last you a very long time, not just pay for itself.
Despite the fact that Khrushchev are notorious, they can also be converted into the desired housing. Most importantly the right approach to this task.
The magic of quality repair Khrushchev
If you have any additional questions, you can ask them in the comments.