Built-in vacuum cleaner for the house: central vacuum system performance, video and photos

What is the built-in vacuum cleaner - a detailed description and mounting instructions of 2 stages

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Table of contents

  • 1 Distinctions central vacuum
    • 1.1 The device and principle of operation
  • 2 Mounting of vacuum cleaner built-
    • 2.1 Step 1: preparation of tools and accessories
    • 2.2 Step 2: Installation of equipment
  • 3 conclusion
House has central vacuum cleaner makes life easier for housewives.

House has central vacuum cleaner makes life easier for housewives.

You are not satisfied with the high level of noise and poor quality of cleaning with a conventional portable vacuum cleaner? Quickly and effectively help solve the problem with a built-in vacuum inlets. I will describe the principle of operation and features of this device, as well as tell you how it is possible to install in your home.

Distinctions central vacuum

Built-in vacuum cleaner - a stationary vacuum system with a powerful motor and branched network of air channels. This system has a central unit, and is designed for daily cleaning of fine household dust and dust in private homes and residential apartments:

  • The power unit and the receiver are set to waste in a separate non-residential premises with good sound insulation;
  • Collected garbage from every room is made of vacuum line, due to the strong force air into the vacuum system;
  • Exhaust exhaust air from unfiltered dust particles discharged into the atmosphere outside the house.
To connect the hose to the wall inlet is used a special connector.

To connect the hose to the wall inlet is used a special connector.

I propose to assess the positive and negative sides of the central vacuum cleaner, compared with portable models:

Benefits disadvantages
  • Low noise level. During operation, none of the tenants will not hear the roar of the engine, and a hose only a slight hiss of air will be heard;
  • Quality and fast cleaning. Built-in units have a much greater capacity than portable vacuum cleaners, so allow cleaning better and more quickly;
  • health safety. Unfiltered fine particles together with the exhaust air output to the outside, so it does not raise dust in the room and returns it back into the house. This is especially true if a family has small children or residents who are allergic to dust;
  • Simple and easy operation. No need to constantly lots of wires and carry the vacuum cleaner from room to room. Cleaning is enough to connect the corrugated hose to the nearest wall inlet to the wall;
  • Serviceability. The collected trash from around the house collects in a capacious container, so there is no need for constant cleaning and replacement of garbage bags;
  • The presence pnevmosovka. Such a device makes it possible to remove debris swept off the floor without the usual scoop and bin.
  • High enough price. The cost of the central vacuum cleaner together with the connection can be between $ 2000 to $ 4000 (prices are relevant for the spring of 2017);
  • Complex assembly. air duct network must be laid around the house inside interior walls and ceilings;
  • Unscheduled maintenance and repair. When careless cleaning may be stuck in pnevmokanalah large household waste (rags, paper, etc.). To clean the channels have to partially disassemble the wall or floor of the apartment.
Pnevmosovki often inserted directly into the kitchen furniture.

Pnevmosovki often inserted directly into the kitchen furniture.

The device and principle of operation

central vacuum system has a simple device and consists of several elements. Below I will discuss in detail how this works:

  1. power unit - is intended to create a negative pressure air in the pneumatic system:
  • Consists of an electric power of 1.6 to 4 kW, and the centrifugal suction fan in a metal closed housing;
  • Installed in domestic economic block away from the accommodation. In a private house it can be a boiler room or cellar, and in the apartment - storage room or balcony.
The diagram shows the power unit movement device and the air flow with dust within the filter element.

The diagram shows the power unit movement device and the air flow with dust within the filter element.

  1. The receiving container with a filter element - used for rubbish collection and filtering of exhaust air:
  • Set in a single unit together with the power unit;
  • The various models of the volume of the receiving container may be from 15 to 200 liters;
  • To separate large heavy particles cyclone type cleaners are used;
  • To capture the dust or paper tissue used interchangeable filters for fine cleaning of air.
  1. network of air - designed for the transportation of waste to the receiving container due to the driving force of thin air;
  • It is made of plastic pipes with a diameter of 50 to 110 mm;
  • To assemble applied for concealed installation in interior walls with plastic sleeves, swivel fittings and other fasteners.
  1. Wall inlets - are used for joining the corrugated hose to the vacuum of air network:
  • Mounted on the walls in different parts of the apartment, in accordance with a preconceived plan;
  • Each wall inlet is equipped with a lockable air valve and a limit switch for the motor.
The motor starts automatically after connecting the hose to the wall inlet.

The motor starts automatically after connecting the hose to the wall inlet.

  1. Sweep - a slit opening with hermetically closing lid connected to vacuum the pipeline system:
  • Designed for quick cleaning of debris swept away from the floor;
  • Installed at the bottom of the wall beneath the floor, often built into the plinth or basement kitchen furniture.
  1. accessories - designed specifically for the cleaning of the house:
  • The flexible corrugated hose length up to 15 m allows to cover a large area of ​​the room;
  • Rigid extension tubes, brushes and interchangeable nozzles for upholstered furniture and various types of flooring.
An exemplary setup of the cleaner built in a three-flat.

An exemplary setup of the cleaner built in a three-flat.

All built-in vacuum cleaners have about the same working principle:

  1. Before cleaning is necessary to choose the nearest wall inlet and open her decorative cover with vent valve;
  2. The insert hole wall inlet connecting pipe of the corrugated tube;
  3. The speaker connector on the nozzle closes the contacts of limit switch and starts operation in the power unit;
  4. After the end of cleaning is necessary to pull pipe and close the cover decorative wall inlets;
  5. In this embedded vacuum cleaner is disconnected from the network, and the air valve on the lid overlaps pnevmokanal;
  6. To remove debris from the floor pnevmosovkom need to sweep it with a broom toward the slitted opening, and press the foot pedal for a short run of the suction unit.
On top of the photo in pnevmosovka seen limit switch for starting the vacuum cleaner.

On top of the photo in pnevmosovka seen limit switch for starting the vacuum cleaner.

Some models are equipped with built-in vacuum cleaner motor remote switch, which is located near the handle on the working end of the corrugated hose.

Mounting of vacuum cleaner built-

Step 1: preparation of tools and accessories

The following describes a list of tools and materials needed for installation:

Illustration Tools and accessories
table_pic_att14925353477 Tools for installation:
  1. Electric hammer drill with a set of drills and crowns;
  2. Electric drill with a set of drill bits;
  3. Electric wall chaser for interior walls;
  4. Cut Electric machine with a disk of aluminum;
  5. Medium and heavy hammer;
  6. Flat and Phillips head screwdriver;
  7. Pliers and side cutters.
table_pic_att14925353488 Powertrain:
  1. Electric motor with a suction fan;
  2. The cyclone-type dust box;
  3. Replacement filters for fine cleaning of air;
  4. Removable waste container;
  5. The mounting bracket with vibration dampers;
  6. Electric cable for connection to a home network;
  7. Shop manual with recommendations for installation and connection.
table_pic_att14925353499 of pneumatic system:
  1. Plastic pipe 50-100 mm in diameter;
  2. Couplings;
  3. The corners and bends at an angle of 45 ° -90 °;
  4. Mounting brackets for wall mounting;
  5. Inlets with air valves;
  6. Adhesive for plastic pipes.
table_pic_att149253535210 Auxiliary components:
  1. The flexible corrugated hose the right length;
  2. Telescopic extension hose;
  3. A set of interchangeable nozzles and brushes.

Step 2: Installation of equipment

Before you install a central vacuum cleaner, it is necessary to choose the right place powertrain location, and well consider laying scheme of pneumatic vacuum lines:

Illustration Description of work
The circuit arrangement:
  1. Circuit should be developed so as to have a minimum length of the pneumatic lines;
  2. Number of inlets in vacuum cleaning systems must also be reduced to a minimum;
  3. To do this, they must be installed in such a way that the hose from the outlet could reach one to several rooms;
  4. You also need to take into account that the pneumatic lines do not intersect with other utilities (electricity, heating, water).
table_pic_att149253535512 Installation of the power unit:
  1. The flat power unit can be installed on the balcony or in the closet;
  2. For a house or cottage, you can choose a place in the basement or in the boiler room;
  3. Powertrain with cyclone filter which can be installed in an upright position;
  4. For fixing to the wall using the factory mounting bracket with vibration damper;
  5. The minimum distance from the block to the housing wall and ceiling should be at least 300 mm.
table_pic_att149253535713 Installation of pneumatic:
  1. For shtrobleniya channels for plastic pipes should be used with a wall chaser and punch baffle nozzle;
  2. Tubes connect with glue and plastic fittings, and put in a slotted Stroebe;
  3. If necessary, they should be additionally fixed to the wall clip-on brackets;
  4. After piping wall putty mixes and perform a clean finish;
  5. Own hands to install wall inlet and Sweep;
  6. The exhaust pipe of the suction unit to withdraw through the outer wall outside the house.

conclusion

Now you understand how easy to use built-in vacuum cleaner, and how it can be to install in your home. I advise you to also view the video in this article, and your suggestions and questions to post in the comments.