Plaster furnace (30 photos): The secret professional finish
Table of contents
1 Solutions for plastering
- 1.1 Classification
- 1.2 preparation
- 2 Some secrets of professional veneer
- 3 If you decide to leave it as it is
- 4 Summing up
- 5 Photo Gallery
Unlined furnaces usually not aesthetically pleasing look, and in the masonry joints collected dust which, Bree, spreads unpleasant odors. To avoid this, it made plaster furnace lining it with tiles, decorative ceramics and glazed tiles.
Solutions for plastering
Plaster for ovens (price - from 2400 rub.)
The furnace can be a simple plaster or clay complex solution. Your choice it can be lime-plaster, lime-cement or glinopeschany glinopeschany composition.
The most commonly used solution from the clay. Faces plastered buildings after the brickwork is fully cured and its shrinkage will be excluded. This happens usually in a month. When properly chosen proportion cladding solution will serve the long term.
The amount of sand that must be mixed into the clay depends on its fat content.
Qualitative solution should be easily applied to the surface thereof and good tooled.
It should be said about how to properly plastered. Before starting work the front surface of the structure clean from dust, contaminants and residues masonry mortar. In order to improve adhesion of the solution with brickwork, will clear its seams to a depth of about 0.5 cm. Immediately before the liner to heat and apply the solution onto the warm walls.
Instructions for the preparation of the most common types of plasters (in parts):
- clay - 1, sand - 2, asbestos - 0.1;
- clay - 1, sand - 2 cement - 1, asbestos - 0.1;
- clay - 1, sand - 2, lime - 1, asbestos - 0.1;
- gypsum - 1, lime - 2, sand - 1, asbestos - 0.2;
- gypsum - 1, lime - 2, sand - 1, fiberglass - 0.2.
After the prepared solution for plaster can start to process the lining.
Begin with the top of the plaster. Important information such as correct plaster oven: brick necessarily moisten with water and using a float or a trowel, apply first liquid, and then a thick layer of the mixture.
The thickness of each layer should not be more than 0.5 cm. Distribute the solution evenly, otherwise the coating will be uniformly dry.
Once the plaster grab, but will still be soft enough powertrowel a circular motion wooden float. As a result, you should get a smooth and level surface.
If the composition of the plaster kiln already managed to grab and poorly smoothed, moisten it with water, splashing large brush or brush. The thickness of the cladding layer should not exceed 1 cm.
Angles plastered in the same way as plastered slopes of door and window openings. Work is carried out with the help of wooden or metal rods on display in the level. 10 minutes after applying the solution gently remove the rack, and tweak angle powertrowel float if necessary.
Some secrets of professional veneer
Hessian furnace plaster
Plaster may delaminate due to irregular thickness sutures, bandages or rows of bricks from overheating. To prevent this problem, before facing wall must obtyanut burlap, previously soaked in liquid diluted clay.
Spread and apply material to the surface so that between the furnace and left burlap air layers.
Sackcloth, you can replace the thin steel reinforcing mesh with a mesh size of not more than 1 × 1 cm. Attach it to brick wire thickness of 3 mm. Note that the start it in each of the rows of masonry necessary to advance further in the construction.
After the plaster solution is completely cured, it is coated with a salt of lime milk (about 100 grams per bucket).
Important! Use oil-based paints are strongly recommended as being heated, they are destroyed, and linseed oil burns.
Regardless of what you decide to plaster the stove, performing her trim, you should get the following results:
- Deviation surface of the structure from a vertical plane over the entire height should be no more than 1 cm.
- The comparable figure across - less than 2 mm.
- Rod Deviation between angles from the straight line - no more than 3 mm.
- Changes from a flat plane, which are detected when applying the rules of 2 m length should not be more than 2 mm.
If you decide to leave it as it is
If you do not want to grout construction, brickwork is necessary to make decorative. But in this case, the laying of decorative plaster with your hands is unlikely to fit. The best option would be facing brick.
For exterior wall construction brick used with flat and smooth surface. Clutches of this case is made very carefully and embroidered stitches.
Decorative jointing is performed between the rows of special bricks concave tool using the conventional solution. Facets bricks, which are located on the front part of the furnace can be turned over, cut diagonally. Edged corners are an additional decorative element and impart construction attraction.
If grouting is colored, choose a uniform color bricks. In the process of constructing the front surfaces of the furnace seams leave unfilled to a depth of 1 cm.
Made masonry wiped with a damp cloth and polished with a piece of brick. In the course of this work, all the projections, chips and gouges should flatten.
White cement mixed with asbestos flour, dilute with water and rub a hand in a rubber glove into the seams. Aesthetic decorative masonry depends on the uniformity and straightness of the seams, so to embroider them with the rules.
Tip! Rasshivku can be made in different colors, adding the pigments in the solution.
Now you know how to plaster furnace. In order to more accurately understand the technological and practical issues on our website provides detailed photo and video instruction, in which you will find the necessary information on the question.