Structural plaster with your hands (36 photos): features of the material and application technology
Table of contents
1 material Features
- 1.1 Classification
- 1.2 Benefits
- 2 application technology
- 3 important points
- 4 Summing up
- 5 Photo Gallery
Who structural plasters are widely used for lining the interior and exterior walls. Why? They are durable and attractive, the technique of working with him is easy and if you want to apply structural plaster with your hands.
material FeaturesBase material - mineral or polymeric binders and a variety of fillers - sand, granules, chips, flour, natural and synthetic fibers.
The texture of the surface depends on the factional filler. sandstone simulation creates grain size of 0.3 mm, raw stone texture obtained by means of plaster with grains of 1.5 mm. In popular pitted plaster coating technology involves the use of a filler is not size less than 2 mm, and if you want to bark effect, require a filler material dimensions 3 mm.
Stacked textured plaster with your hands can be either smooth or rough. Under the smooth wall cladding need to prepare more carefully, because it can not completely hide surface defects.
In the picture the different textures of plaster
Structural plaster cladding has a number of significant advantages over traditional types of coatings.
- Applied on all types of surfaces: brick, stone, concrete, drywall, wood, metal.
- Hides surface defects.
- It has considerable resistance to mechanical types of damage: shock, scratches, chips.
- Water-resistant. walls are easy to clean without losing the appearance and strength. In this case, you can use any household products that do not contain a part of the solvent.
- Withstand temperature extremes from -50 ° C to +75 ° C, it greatly expands the scope of use of this kind of plasters.
- It has high ductility and elasticity. Therefore, on the surface of walls, ceilings, columns, you can recreate the texture of any complexity.
- Facing a microporous. Due to this structural plaster breathe, which favorably affects the microclimate of the interior of buildings.
- It has significant service life.
- It is free to change color in the cosmetic repairs.
A thin layer of coating can be applied with a trowel (price - 150 rubles).
In the first step the surface is cleaned of contaminants embedded dents and cracks. Achieve absolutely flat plane does not need to, structural plaster good camouflage small flaws.
Instructions for carrying out the works:
Preparing walls for application of textured plasters with their own hands, unlike other types of decorative coatings, does not require sealing of the surface. It is important that they are strong, visually smooth and dry.
Peeled wall primer. Do not spare the soil deep penetration, it improves the coupling facing the base. For all of the walls, in addition to wood, used regular ground. Under the wood requires special mineral primer.
For hedging can use an extra layer of primer. It is applied after the complete drying of the soil. Paint strengthen butt joints characteristic of the base sheet - drywall, OSB, chipboard.
After preparing the walls plaster Prepare plaster mixture. A dry mix shut water in the proportions indicated by the manufacturer in the instructions. Stir the solution using a mixer or construction drill adapter let the plaster to stand for 10 minutes and mix again.
Most of the work start from the ceiling or top wall when the ceiling paneling of the structural coverage is not provided.
The first layer of mix deposited by the rendering. Flatten it, carefully work through the corners and cornices. After obryzg seize, apply the second layer - skim. Flatten it out and let grips, but not completely. The third stage powertrowel plaster.
The described sequence plastered slopes, depressions, recesses. At the bottom of the wall cladding is applied in the last turn.
If the arrangement provides a thin coating layer, work with a spatula or trowel. The movements must be performed in a cross direction, the ridges, which protrude from the tool, will form drawing.
Plastered surface dry for 6-8 hours. For full curing coatings need 24-48 hours. After that crests sanding, dust and dirt, remove the moistened sponge.
In most cases, structural plaster sold unpainted - white. The color coating can be given in two ways. Obtain a colorant (preferably from the same manufacturer as the plaster), add to the mixture and mix well.
Important!!! Strongly recommended vykraski lining on pieces of sheet material. So you'll see whether you like the color of the coating and its hue.
The technology allows for completely and staining of surfaces after hardening covering layer. To obtain color transitions, dye rub the sponge rubber. If you want to create the effect of old coating, it is possible to simulate a little rubbing with a damp sponge from foam rubber. When the painted surface is completely dry out, they need to handle the protective wax.
Important! Structural plaster poorly removed from all types of surfaces, so you need to stick masking tape and plastic film adjacent to workplace areas.
Careful attention to the treatment of the exterior angles. Apply plaster first on both sides of the angle, then finish it by means of a spatula or the angular setting an outer metallic profile.
Gently grab the coating can be given a different texture of plaster. What good structural plaster - application of technology it provides a variety of effects and textures. You can roll it rolls with reliefs, smooth with a notched trowel to create circular and curvilinear patterns, using sponges, scouring pads, pieces of polyethylene, brush.
We hope that our material has been useful for you. We can only wish you good luck and offer to view the video in this article.