Modeled plaster its arms (33 pictures): coating scheme, surface preparation, selection and preparation of the plaster composition, application of the base layer and patterning, Paint
Table of contents
- 1 The scheme of distribution of structural plaster
2 The sequence of work
- 2.1 Training
- 2.2 Selection and preparation of the composition
- 2.3 The distribution of the base layer
- 2.4 formation of structure
- 3 Painting
- 4 Summing up
- 5 Photo Gallery
One of the most effective ways to both internal and external wall decoration is a relief plaster - his hands you can create a unique design of your home, from the texture of the surface and ending with color solution.
Structural plaster distribution technology is quite simple, and at a certain skill you can master it easily. In addition, relief decoration "forgiving" substrate unevenness and insufficiently leveled layer.Even if you do not have much experience in the plaster of the walls with his own hands, it is not necessary to abandon the idea to use a decorative structural plastering.
The scheme of distribution of structural plaster
- Preparation of the surface plaster.
- Selection and preparation of the composition.
- Distributions of the base layer.
- The application of the structural body.
So, we proceed to a detailed consideration of methods for applying decorative plaster.
The sequence of work
Weight is applied to clean and dry area, so before starting work, prepare the walls under the decorative plaster.
Remove the remains of finishes and colors. If the paint is long-standing and hard to separate from the base, perform the skip. To do this using a chisel or old ax put on the notch portion about 10 mm deep. Optimally, if per 1 m2 we perform about a thousand of these cuts.
On dedusted and purified chipped portion primed. Here we recommend you to use a special type of primer Betokontakt. It provides the best adhesion of the material to the wall surface. Remember that the type of primer depends on the type and variety of surface applied composition.
The primer is applied by roller or brush in one pass. In the allocation of the primer it is important to make sure that the area had no water stains.
distribution of primer
After drying of the primer area can be plastered. However, before you start work, you must decide how the solution will be covered by the wall and how to plaster.
Selection and preparation of the composition
To finish the structural layer acquire the required mixture of decorative texture and color.
But for the distribution of the base layer, there are several options.
Consider the most common ones:
Plaster clay as the base a base is used infrequently. This is due to low strength and unpredictable behavior of clay during drying.
Lime mass is distinguished sufficient strength. To use it lime (3 parts sifted sand, 1 part lime solution) or gypsum-lime mortar for plaster (plaster 1 part, 3 parts of lime paste).
The most robust solution is based on cement. To cook using 1 part cement and 3 parts of sifted sand.
Note! The composition of the cement mixture can include from 3 to 6 parts of sand, the properties of these solutions will be significantly different.
The cement solution was applied not later than one hour after preparation. gypsum-based formulations dry faster, so knead them in small portions just before application.
The distribution of the base layer
Forming the base layer
After the solution is selected and prepared, causes it to the primed substrate. To form the layer using the trowel and trowels.
The layer thickness is determined by the roughness of the walls. For a perfectly flat surface mounted beacon system rails.
If the plot has slight unevenness, can be dispensed without the use of beacons, and to align the layer with a long level and rules.
Over the dried base coat may be applied to a textured decorative mass.
If at this stage we carried out plastering mortar, before the formation of the invoice must be applied acrylate primer deep penetration.
formation of structure
Patterning using a float (the price - from 240 rubles).
The distribution of mass on the texture primed bazovyytsloy spend together with a partner. One covers a small portion of composition (layer thickness depends on the grain textured plaster) and is displaced in the direction.
Second, while the mass freshly applied layer has dried, forms a relief with a sponge, metal and wooden spatulas or graters.
Also for the formation of the invoice can be used special rollers with a textured substrate. Laminating a cushion for powertrowel composition, we get a unique pattern, recurrent throughout the area to be treated.
If the decor is used pitted plaster - technology for applying relief somewhat different Mass give dry, and then using a plastic float handle portion moving mineral grains. Grooves, which retain the grain and form a recognizable pattern "Bark" resembling wood moves beetle.
An original way to create the decor is etching with a neutralizing solution. Layer is applied on the leveled 5-10% hydrochloric acid solution, and after a while the wash water. Acid-etched cement wall becomes a unique and rather bizarre topography.
Painting decorative plaster facade is held or interior paints. The best effect is achieved by a combination of shades and textures staining projections contrasting colors in several passes. To soften the transition between colors is not yet completely dried paint can be shaded by treating the painted area of special mitten.
As the finishing touch finish can distribute protective and decorative coating that imparts a golden, silver or pearlescent shade.
As you can see, much difficulty is not the technology. And when you begin creating invoices walls of your home, you can manifest itself not only as a master, but also as an artist. And where to do it, not in your home?
We hope our article has been helpful to you. In order to more accurately understand the technological and practical issues on our website provides detailed photo and video instruction, in which you will find useful information on the question.