To maximize the benefits of plants and significantly increase yield, you need to mulch the soil in a greenhouse. The main advantages of mulching are that the soil under the mulch retains the original structure, the irrigation procedure is much simpler, after irrigation the soil does not form a crust, mulch does not allow moisture to evaporate rapidly, weeds do not grow weeds, mulching speeds up the process of tomato ripening. Tomatoes do not tolerate excessive humidity, especially in conditions of closed ground, which leads to the emergence of various kinds of fungal diseases. A layer of mulch makes it possible to separate the germ from the soil, and the plant remains healthy throughout the growth period. Mulching greatly simplifies the care of plants, reduces the frequency of watering, and also eliminates the need for soil cultivation around tomatoes. Literally after a year of mulching, the soil in the greenhouse is enriched with useful substances and becomes much more fertile.
- How mulching tomatoes in the greenhouse
- Effective mulching tomatoes in the greenhouse
- What is the mulch tomatoes in the greenhouse
- Mulching tomatoes in a greenhouse using
- newspapers How mulching tomatoes in the greenhouse( video)
How to mulch tomatoes in a greenhouse
Many gardeners in the cultivation of tomatoes began to use in the greenhouses such an agrotechnical method as mulching. Mulching soil in greenhouses implies laying on its surface certain materials that help to implement and control air and moisture conditions. Mulching the soil can be organic or artificial materials.
For conducting mulching in greenhouse conditions, it is best to use organic materials.
Organic mulching materials decompose over time and are transformed into humus. Depending on what kind of materials were used for the mulching, such useful substances and will saturate the soil.
For mulching, you can use materials such as:
Straw is considered a very good covering material for mulching. The layer of material should be approximately 15 cm, which provides protection against various kinds of fungal diseases. The material is breathable, which provides unhindered access of oxygen to the roots of tomatoes. However, when using straw, care should be taken to ensure that insects and rodents do not start. As mulch for tomatoes, weeds can be used that are laid on the soil in fresh or dried form. The material layer must be large, since after a while, it will be bled. Periodically, you need to add a new grass, because in time its layer becomes smaller, which is due to its decomposition. At the same time, the soil will be regularly saturated with nutrients.
The most accessible material is considered to be needles, sawdust, foliage, as they can be found in the garden. It is preferable to use foliage or needles from different types of trees. Materials such as bark or sawdust are considered to be more durable. When laying it is necessary to use exclusively dry material, and in order to avoid oxidation, it is necessary to add chalk or slaked lime from above the sawdust. Compost is considered a good fertilizer, however, when using such a material, one should remember that when it is applied in large quantities, active growth of greenery is possible, and the fruits will not be tied.
Efficient mulching of tomatoes in a greenhouse
Mulching of tomatoes in a greenhouse is also carried out using artificial materials. In comparison with materials of natural origin, they have a much longer service life. To the artificial materials used for mulching can be attributed popular.
Namely such as:
- Polyethylene film;
- Nonwoven material;
If a film is used, it should be opaque so that the weeds do not receive sunlight. To obtain an early harvest, it is desirable to use a black film. The main advantages of using such a material are considered to be acceptable cost and convenience of use, long service life, well suited for greenhouses with drip irrigation.
Important!When carrying out mulching, it is very important to follow certain rules, since the yield of tomatoes largely depends on this.
However, there are certain drawbacks, because under the film there is not enough ventilation, which is why there are diseases of the root system. A good option may be a nonwoven material, since it perfectly passes air and moisture.
Why mulch tomatoes in a greenhouse
Mulch helps to create the most optimal conditions for growing tomatoes in tomato conditions in a closed ground. Before you conduct mulching, you must know when and how to do it right. It all depends on whether the heated greenhouse or not. Mulch not only retains moisture well, but also does not let out the sun's rays.
When mulching, it is necessary to take into account such requirements as:
- Soil preparation;
- Planting of tomatoes;
- Selection of material for mulching.
When carrying out mulching in an unheated greenhouse, it must be remembered that all required work can be performed only after the soil has sufficiently warmed up to the required depth. If the hotbed is heated, the mulching can be carried out at any time from the moment of planting tomatoes.
The technology of mulching depends largely on the material selected.
A loose mulch of organic character is simply poured between tomato sprouts a few centimeters, while leaving a small amount of free space around the stalk for irrigation. Tissue and film coatings spread out on the soil, and crosswise cuts are made in the canvas. Tomatoes are then planted in the holes and watered.
Mulching of tomatoes in a greenhouse using newspapers
The method of mulching tomatoes in greenhouse with newspapers is widely used. This is a very good material, which creates a reliable protection for plants from drafts, weeds and pests. Newspapers are also very good at dealing with tomato diseases, and they will not have to be sprayed with various chemicals.
Among the main advantages of mulching newspapers can be identified such as:
Color and black-and-white newspapers can be used as mulch. Newspapers need to be ground and laid in a layer of 15 cm. Since this material is light enough, it is advisable to place compost or straw on top. This mulching will further increase the temperature of the soil by several degrees and last for 2 years.
How to mulch tomatoes in a greenhouse( video)
Mulching tomatoes in greenhouses is considered a very important stage in growing Solanaceous cultures. Thanks to this method, it is possible to improve the growth of plants, protect them from pests and diseases, and increase yields.