Clamp is a crimp material for pipelines. First of all, you should familiarize yourself with what clamps are used and for what purposes they are used. In this case, you can purchase a ready-made hose clamp in the store or make the device yourself. Manufacturing is quite simple and will help out in an emergency situation.
- Construction of a clamp for large diameter pipes
- Types of clamps for a leakage pipe
- Creation of a clamp with own hands from handy materials
- Basic rules on how to put a clamp on a heating pipe
- Types of clamps forPipes( video)
Construction of the clamp for large diameter pipes
Large and small diameter pipes have in their design a bandage - special crimping material. It is made of steel and inner sealant, which is called a cuff. Seal riffled rubber. It guarantees sealing and prevents deformation of the pipes, if tightening the fixing screws. Also, rubber reduces vibration and noise.
Important clamping characteristics for purchase:
- Inner diameter;
- Crimping width;
- Thickness of the shroud.
The clamping force of the clamp depends on its size. The purpose of using the element depends on the strength of the connection. It is also important to consider the level of possible load.
The design of the metal clamps is quite simple. The element consists of a steel crimping and a rubber seal.
Clamps are widely used to eliminate leaks in water pipes. In case of unforeseen breakdown, the connection element can be made by hand. Plant variants have a wide range of uses: heating, gas, water, sewage pipes.
Types of clamps on the pipe to eliminate leaks
The popularity of the clamps is due to a large list of advantages. These include the universality of use: suitable for both plastic and metal pipes, for water supply and heating. Repair with a bandage is easy enough. The emergency clamp is selected to eliminate leakage taking into account the damage and material of the pipe manufacturing.
Types of clamps:
- Double-sided bandage. It has two elements in its design. Refers to universal devices.
- Single sided clamp. It is a product in the form of a letter U. The design has a rubber gasket. Used for small pipes.
- Standard crimp option.
- Three-sided variety. Widely used for pipes of large cross-section.
In addition to repair clamps, there is also a bandage for fastening pipes to surfaces. In appearance, this is an ordinary band with a hole for the nut to attach the product to the floor or wall. Also distinguish clamps on the material of manufacture.
Banding devices are made from steel, cast iron, stainless steel and galvanized material.
Some manufacturers make whole sets for bandages. So you can repair large diameter pipes. The number of components depends on the cross-section of the pipes.
Creation of the clamp with your own hands from the materials
For work you will need a strip of galvanized sheet metal. The steel thickness should not exceed 1 mm. Also need a piece of rubber thickness of 3 mm. In addition, bolts, nuts and washers of suitable dimensions will be needed.
Required tools for work:
- Shears for cutting metal;
- Slide caliper.
The caliper is used to determine the cross-section of pipes. For large pipes use a corner and ruler. Next, you have to cut a steel strip. Its width varies from 4 to 8 cm. The length of the material is calculated separately. To do this, the length of the circumference of the pipe is multiplied by the number Pi. It will be necessary to add a few centimeters, with the calculation of the equipment of the ears.
The dimensions of the holes in the ears depend on the cross-section of the bolts. With extra washers, you need to add an extra couple of millimeters. This will help in the future to install the clamp.
If the width of the crimp strip is more than 6 cm, then make holes for 3 bolts. Bend the ears in a straight line. For convenience, measure the line with a marker. You can bend the line yourself or with the help of pliers.
After this, the steel must be rounded around the pipe. The ears are connected so that the holes coincide to screw the bolts. Then insert a pre-prepared rubber gasket.
Basic rules on how to put a clamp on a heating pipe
A clamp is used when fistulas arise in the pipe. This occurs when exposed to corrosion on metal walls. Also clamps used when there are cracks, fractures, leaks to the water pipe.
Sequence of the mounting of the band:
- First, the flow of water is blocked. In the heating system, it acts as a coolant.
- The installation site is cleaned and leveled. The emery cloth removes the top coat of paint.
- Next, install the clamp. The nuts are slightly loosened to position the part correctly. Rubber seal should be placed in the middle of breakage.
- It only remains to tighten the yoke. To do this, use the keys.
If installed correctly, leakage problems should not occur. When you restore the water supply immediately noticeable effect. To increase the tightness of the device, the surface of the silicone strip is treated with a sealant on a silicone base. After polymerization, the compound will be more reliable.
The cost of the clamp can be significantly different. The role is played not only by the manufacturer, but by the material and the complexity of the design.
For self-made clamps, you can use self-made clamps. But the wrong shape of the devices is not cardinally suitable for sewer pipes. They can only lead to more severe breakdowns. Therefore in such cases it is better not to take risks.
A quality product can last for many years. But if the pipes are old enough, problems can arise elsewhere. That is why it is advisable to replace the old pipeline. At high pressure in the pipes it will be better to use welding. This is a more reliable mount.
In addition to the standard options allocate mortise clamps. They are used when connecting the house to a central water supply. The installation of such devices is carried out by locksmiths using a milling machine. But this option works only for professionals.
Types of pipe clamps( video)
The construction of the clamps is quite simple, as is the installation. That's why if necessary, you can create a clamp with your own hands. Clamp can be made even from wire. But it is better to use a small piece of metal and rubber. The main thing is to follow the installation rules, and then the leakage will be reliably eliminated.