The pump is necessary for sewage disposal in the suburban area, as there is rarely an opportunity to connect to the central highway. The main thing is to make the right choice. This will help to study the different types, types and rules of a successful purchase.
- Need for a drainage pump for sewerage
- Types of pumps for pumping sewage at home
- Types of equipment: submersible and external sewer pump
- Pump selection for sewerage in a basement without a pump
- InstallationDrainage pump for sewerage in a private house
- Repair of sewage pumps( video)
Need for a drainage pump for sewerage
Drain pump fortanavlivaetsya in a private home or in the country, do not always have the opportunity to connect to a central sewer. Most often, an individual drainage channel is used to remove faeces and household waste. It is the right arrangement of sewerage that provides comfort.
For the cleaning of shit in the cesspool of the toilet, you can use the services of sewers. But this is costly both in finance and in time task.
The best option is to equip personal sewer. For this it is worth to buy a pump for pumping out the drains. But there are a number of requirements for installing a pump.
Conditions for installing a drainage pump:
- Drainage is done on sites with a problematic arrangement of different plumbing and drainage water by gravity;
- If necessary, drainage of water for a long distance from the private structure;
- Sewerage is installed to prevent stagnation of feces and the spread of an unpleasant odor;
- When placing plumbing in the basement of the house.
In the latter case, the tapes will be below the level of the plumbing pipes. That's why a quality pump is installed to get rid of drains and unpleasant odors. But here it is important to make a purchase correctly, so that the device regularly performs its functions.
Types of pumps for pumping sewage at home
Firstly, they are identified with the type of sewage pump. Each species has its own characteristics, positive and negative points of use. A total of two large groups of pumps.
Types of pumps:
Drainage pumps are used for pumping liquids when flooding a cellar, cellar, basement, pool, sludge pit. Apply for places with excessive amounts of dirty water. The drains from the sanitary equipment are removed by means of drainage equipment.
The design of the drainage and fecal pump is completely different. These types are easy to confuse, but the second option has a grinding mechanism of the drive shaft.
Fecal is used not only for dirty water, but also for faeces, food debris or debris ranging in size from 42 to 80 mm. Such pumps have large flow channels. Often the fecal equipment has a disposer for grinding larger residues. This design is an impeller with cutting knives or disks.
Equipment types: submersible and external sewer pump
The sewage pump can be divided into several types based on the installation method. The design of the equipment influences the choice of the optimal installation option. It is this that becomes decisive in order to mount the pump by itself.
Types of pumps by installation method:
External versions are mounted on the top of the sewer. In drainage only the intake hoses are lowered, so this method is called dry. Such pumps refer exclusively to drainage structures.
are popular and in demand today.
The submersible mechanism is completely lowered into the waste water. To fix such an assembly, it is necessary to equip the guides and the angular-type outlet at the bottom of the pit. It is important to follow the manufacturer's recommendations on the depth of the dive. Otherwise, there is a problem with the use of the device. Also worth paying attention to the quality of the device. The material of manufacture must withstand corrosion.
The submersible pump of the horizontal system is placed at a depth of 100 m. Vertical options are immersed only 7 m. This is important to consider when purchasing a certain model.
Semi-submersible unit submerges in drains only half. The engine remains outside, and the pump compartment is immersed. The structure is fixed using a float. Such options are not used for pumping toilets, because the structures are not equipped with a chopper.
Also distinguish types of pumps for forced sewer:
- Model without cold water dispenser:
- Device without grinder for hot household fluids;
- Pump with shredder for cold sewage;
- Device with a grinder for pumping hot runoff.
Models without a cold water dispenser are characterized by the lowest cost. They are used for pumping liquids from basements and pools. Such devices are especially popular in the spring.
The design without the hot water runner is perfect for liquid without solid suspensions. The most popular at home was the design with a chopper for cold sewage. Such devices are used for cleaning toilets.
Devices with a hot water shredder are similar to similar units for cold water. But such designs can raise up waste heat. They are used for baths, saunas. Depending on the purpose of the purchase, a motor pump is purchased.
The nuances of choosing a pump for sewage in the basement without a pump
After determining the type of construction, you can make a purchase. But in this case there are identical models that differ only in value. Choosing the right manufacturer will help simple and effective advice.
. What should I look for when choosing the optimal model:
- Material of construction;
- Impeller design;
- Device power;
- Control features.
The housing material must be sufficiently reliable and resistant to aggressive media. Often the device is immersed in a fecal sediment tank and therefore the material must be of high quality. Otherwise, the device will be corroded. Among all materials, the best is cast iron, plastic, stainless steel.
The design of the impeller determines the level of particle size reduction. Knives are considered to be more effective devices than the cutting edge. Certain models are equipped with a self-cleaning system. This is quite convenient for the operation of equipment, because the system is able to work smoothly.
You should choose models with a simple control system so that there are no operational difficulties.
The pump capacity is determined by its capacity. Sometimes a less powerful design is characterized by higher performance. So it turns out to save on electricity. But a powerful device will not squeeze the maximum when used, and, therefore, will last longer.
Installation of drainage pump for sewerage in a private house
After purchasing a pump, the design must be properly installed and started. It is quality installation that determines the quality of the system. Ideally, this process is performed by a qualified employee, but if you want, you can do all the work yourself. The main thing is to follow all the rules and regulations of the instruction.
- In the basement of the house is equipped with a drainage well. The depth of the device is small. For three residents, the size of the structure should be 60 cm in diameter and 100 cm in depth.
- The bottom of the well is concreted. The walls need to be strengthened.
- Pipes for the removal of household waste are connected to the well.
- Further the drainage is installed.
- At the bottom of the structure, install the pump. To do this, use the guides that were included.
This completes the installation of the pump. It is important to remember that a number of important rules must be observed for a quality work. First, you should carefully study the instructions. It is also necessary to provide a slight bias towards the sewer.
Professionals are strongly advised to avoid bending the pipeline at an angle of 90 degrees. Otherwise, pollution will begin to accumulate in the system, and clogging is formed.
During installation, insulation problems may occur. In this case, use the built-in drainage systems, which help to pump household waste at the dacha or in a private house. This is a plastic container with a built-in pump inside. Such stations are sufficiently sealed, equipped with a gas outlet filter to control unpleasant odors.
Repair of pumps for sewerage( video)
Drainage system for a country house or villa is an integral part of a comfortable existence with amenities. It is important to choose the right device. There are several types and types of structures. The right option is chosen based on the needs. It is also important to evaluate the quality of the pump.