21st century presents a huge number of technologies. These technologies are aimed at the improvement of apartments, one of the novelties of progress is the infrared floor. This technology is designed for floor heating. It is used in modern life not so long ago - about 10 years, but during this time the popularity of such sex has increased noticeably.
- Types infrared underfloor
- Composition infrared film underfloor
- Steps mounting infrared underfloor
- Characteristics heating infrared film
- Guide connection infrared underfloor
- apparatus infrared floor( video)
Types of infrared heat-insulated floor
heated floor invented yet in ancient Rome. The then system, of course, differs from the modern realities, but it was then that they came up with the pipes for steam or warm water.
Years passed, and that the present gives us the following types of underfloor heating, existing today:
These names have turned out because of the characteristics of the coolant. In practice, it is possible to apply, like electricity, by conducting a cable, water, using pipes, and infrared radiation. But recently the popularity is acquired by the infrared film, which gives such radiation.
Infrared - a warm light, which is not visible to the human eye.
This radiation gives the sun and, if a little fantasy, you can imagine that the house has a real energy of the sun. The heat will be noticeable in the dark areas of the room( in the shade the heat will be more absorbed), the surrounding objects will also take heat from the floor. Infrared rays are absolutely harmless. In addition, after research, physicians came to the conclusion that the rays are able to increase immunity, and also speed up the healing process. Composition
infrared film underfloor
Abandoning embodiment with an electric or steam heating, warm setting film embodiment, it is necessary to know that there are two kinds of such systems - infrared heaters and the film. Infrared - these are conventional heaters, which when heated emit heat and can replace in-home electric heating.
The infrared film itself looks like this:
- Laminating film;
- Silver-copper wires;
- Carbon fiber;
- Base film.
The film is powered by electricity supplied to the wiring using heating, the carbon fiber provides the necessary radiation. With mechanical damage to the film, the whole system will not stop working, only the damaged space will not function.
Stages of installation of an infra-red warm floor
The scheme and installation of a heating film, as well as its connection, are simple. The beginning of the work involves the cleaning of all the garbage on the floor. The vacuum cleaner will be a good helper here. When all the cleaning work is done, you need to make sure that the floor is not curved. In this situation, the assistant will perform the level. No more than 3 mm - this is the maximum level of deviation, otherwise, the floor will need to be leveled.
First, it is necessary to lay the thermal insulation film together with the waterproofing film.
Next, determine the layout of the film. In no case it should not be placed under furniture. Laying is carried out exclusively in the open areas of the room. It is important to determine the location of the thermostat. When all the planning activities are carried out, from the preparation of the floor to the determination of the scheme, you can proceed directly to the installation.
- The purchased film should be cut along the lines, spread out on the floor.
- The film is laid copper side down, contacts to the wall with a thermoregulator.
- Contact clamps and wires are connected at the edges of the copper film.
- The bottom of the infrared film must be connected to temperature sensors.
- Contact clamps, wires, sensor connection points are isolated.
- Afterwards, install and connect the thermostat.
- It is necessary to conduct a test with a system start-up.
- A polyethylene layer is laid over the mounted system for additional protection, and then directly the floor.
An important place is given to safety. Installation takes place only on a clean, dry floor. If the film is to be used as an additional source of heating, then it is sufficient to use it for 40% of the floor area of the room, if the main one is 70%.
Do not place the film too far or too close to the walls. The average distance -. 20-30 cm The thermostat is set too low or too high from the floor, it is usually placed at a distance of 15 cm Do not install infrared film overlap..The length of the bands recommended for use is not more than 8 m. The bands are located next to each other, the maximum permissible deviation is 5 mm.
It is also not recommended to use such floors near batteries, furnaces or other heat appliances. Anyone can connect the infrared floor with their own hands. Stacking does not take much time and effort, if you follow the instructions.
Features heating infrared film
Different manufacturers are trying to make your product unique, and therefore the film would have each seller their differences, both external and technical. Technical parameters include power, film dimensions, heating time, maximum temperatures. Interest for the laying film will be its characteristics.
In general, for the films they are the same:
- Plugged - 220;
- Electricity consumption during the day is about 40 W / m2;
- The melting point of the film itself is 250 ° C;
- The maximum film surface heating temperature is 50 ° C;
- The width of the film - up to 1 m;
- The average film length is about 50 m;
- Thickness of the film - no more than 0.5 cm;
- Time to heat - 3 minutes;
Mount film can be not only the floor, but the ceiling and walls, if pave the heating device on the bottom there is no possibility. The efficiency of the film reaches 100%, and the heat from the film is consumed rationally without loss, because the use of an infrared heater significantly saves money. However, there is a small drawback. The negative side is that the film eventually attracts dust due to electrostatic effects.
Instructions for connecting an infra-red heated floor
To connect an infra-red floor, with the correct installation, a minimum amount of force is required. If everything is done according to the instructions from the preparation of the floor( ceiling, wall) to safety( bitumen insulation and sizing, using adhesive tape), and also the connection of the finished structure, the floor will please the owner. However, with a negligent attitude to the installation, you can pay for a malfunction in the work of the floor.
The reasons may be diverse:
- Violation of the installation of electrical system circuits.
- Errors in calculations when using infrared film in relation to the surface area of the room.
- Use in the installation of materials and structures that are not intended for use in heating systems.
- Violation of the sequence of installation steps.
- Incorrect calculation of the load of electrical power taking into account the connection of the infra-red warm floor.
The same reason can be the use of materials for the final stage of coating the floor surface with low thermal conductivity. In addition, to avoid overheating the floor, do not use carpets.
Infrared floor device( video)
If you follow the instructions to avoid mistakes, then laying the floor will not be difficult, and most importantly safe and economical, which is important for many buyers. A good help in installing an infra-red heated floor will be a review of installation tips. Thus, infra-red floor heating film becomes a new word in the world of floor heating of various rooms, both residential and non-residential. The film itself is universal in circulation, and the scope of such material is constantly expanding, due to which the consumer gets all new opportunities for the improvement of his housing.