Balconies and loggias in the apartment have never been an extra part of the premises, moreover, apartments without balconies are cheaper than the apartments equipped with this addition. If you have to build a house with a balcony or do some modernization, repair, you need to know certain rules, requirements for balconies and loggias, their size.
- Definition and size of the balcony
- What is SNiP: balconies and loggias, the height of the railings on the balcony
- Dimensions GOST: balcony plates
- Standard-balcony width and balcony panel repair
- Standard height of the fenceBalconies( video)
Definition and size of the balcony
The balcony, according to SNiP, is a platform that protrudes from the plane of the facade of the houses. That is, the main difference between the balcony and the loggia will be the site. By and large, all flat horizontal structures that protrude beyond the wall of the house, while at the floor level, are a balcony. That is, the parapet and the roof at the balcony may be absent, but the floor must be exactly.
But the loggia is a separate room, built into the building. That is, there is no protrusion of this structure behind the wall of the house. And at the loggia there are three walls, common with the building, two side and roof. Only the front part remains open. Glazing on the balcony may not be.
Standard dimensions of the loggia and balcony:
- For the balcony, the height from the lower slab to the top is 2.6-2.65 m;
- For the construction of the same loggia, hollow slabs having dimensions of 1.2 x 5.8 m are used, which are divided into two parts;
- The standard balcony plate, unlike the loggia, protrudes above the front plane by 0,8 m, width - 3,275 m.
There is a certain calculation for apartment buildings, in residential buildings standards are set that are taken into account in many issues. Therefore, in case of rebuilding, the documentation must be read out, specialists for consultation are invited.
What does SNiP mean: balconies and loggias, railing height on the balcony
SNiP is a document that regulates the redevelopment and reconstruction of balconies. This is a collection of building codes and regulations. Loggia and balcony, according to this document, regardless, whether the console type is closed or open, should not load the enclosing and supporting structures of the building where they are erected. Fire safety requirements, etc. are taken into account.
Creating a balcony railings is an important stage in the arrangement of the balcony. On the basis of whether the work is performed well, the reliability and durability of the structure depends. By standards, only one type of construction is allowed, which is referred to as a screen-type fence. And those elements that are used must withstand the loads set in SNiP.
The total height of the balcony railings depends on the height of the building. It should not be above 1000 mm for values less than 30 m, and 1100 mm for a height of more than 30 m. The minimum height of the handrail is 0.9 m. The railing must have a high load-bearing capacity, higher than that of the stairs. To comply with safety standards, the use of horizontal elements is prohibited. Prohibited and installation of products with untreated edges.
Dimensions GOST: balcony plates
Parameters, dimensions, types of balcony plates are regulated in accordance with GOST 25697-83.The slabs are divided into several types: PB - solid flat beams, PBK - continuous cantilever flat, FGP - cantilevered ribbed. Dina balcony plates from 1200 mm to 7200 mm, the width of the balcony slabs - 1200-1800 mm.
The thickness of typical balcony slabs in a brick house or panel house is the range from 150 mm to 220 mm. It all depends on the type of plate, the dimensions of the plate and the weight of the plate.
Expansion of the balcony structure on the base of the slab is possible. This concept involves the provision of additional useful space. But first, loadings of the balcony structure on the same plate are calculated to prevent its collapse. Usually, metal, steel brackets are used to expand the balcony.
Normal-width of the balcony and repair of balcony panels
The width of the balcony in the Khrushchev area is 0.65-0.8 m, and the width of the balcony in the brezhnevka will be the same, but here the length is less. In panel houses width 0.7 m. A loggia, three-meter or six-meter, width will be 1.2 m. All these moments, as well as other dimensions are included in a document called a technological map. And all your rebuilding, take the same example, the expansion on the base of the slab, are added to this map.
What does the balcony plate repair mean:
- Refers to a major overhaul involving a large amount of work;
- Such repairs are carried out if the destruction of the plate has not yet reached the base, and the reinforcement has not been damaged by corrosion by more than 10%;
- The process of recovery includes some transitional blocks - this includes stripping the plate, refurbishing the framework of the reinforcement, and assembling the formwork, and holding the screed of concrete, and, of course, reinforcing the parapet.
If the plates have more significant damage, they are already emergency plates. They need to be replaced. If you yourself found out that the slab is breaking down, contact the management company, write a standard statement, so that the company created a commission and compiled an act on the condition of the balcony. If it is recognized as an emergency, it is already the work of the management company. That is, for example, the fact that in the apartment - doors, floor, repair yourself. Decor any( you want stained glass on the balcony) - also yourself. But the balcony plate is already the responsibility of the managing party.
Standard height of balcony fencing( video)
Balconies can be without walls or without roofs, but without a balcony plate they do not exist. All build solely by standards and norms, as they rebuild. Therefore, any "alteration" should be done by the resolution of the controlling party. Successful work!