Painting is an important process that will help revitalize the old ladder, complete the new ladder, and prolong its useful life for a long time. In order to properly produce the paint you need to be able to select the means for dyeing and care of the material. To prevent decay and improve the quality of the surface of the wooden staircase can be with the help of special compounds, and for painting is ideal for varnish.
Varnish for stairs: types and differences
In building stores, the range of lacquers for wood stairs is huge. To choose a remedy correctly among this variety is sometimes very difficult. In order not to get confused in the store and not to spend money in vain it is necessary to understand in advance the varieties of varnishes, the merits and demerits of each of them.
All varnishes have different capabilities, applications and composition, so you need to select the product individually for each individual case.
Types of varnishes and their basic properties:
- Alcohol - easy to apply, after drying, they are highly resistant to damage. Such funds must be applied in several layers. Their main drawback is low water resistance.
- Alkyd - after their application, a hard, transparent film forms on the surface. Alkyd varnish is not afraid of exposure to water and is ideal for both indoor and outdoor ladders.
- Oil - have a low resistance to external factors, so they are better used for internal painting. After drying, these varnishes form a hard layer with a yellowish tint on the surface of the object to be painted.
- Acrylic - give the wood a certain color.
- Nitrocellulose - quickly dry, used indoors.
- Polyester - after drying form a dense, hard film that needs to be polished. Resistant to water and other influences.
- Polyurethane - have a high cost due to strength, durability and environmental friendliness.
- Epoxy - resistant to alkali, water and mechanical damage.
- Polyurethane - have a high cost due to excellent strength, durability and environmental friendliness.
- oil is an ecologically safe product made on the basis of wax, which is perfectly absorbed, easily applied, has no harmful odor. As well as oils have bactericidal and water-repellent properties, after drying they are distinguished by their special strength and durability.
The correctness of the chosen varnish depends the durability and quality of painting, as well as the safety of the material.
How to cover a wooden staircase on the street
As the tree is very much influenced by climatic conditions, care of the stairs from this material must be appropriate. Differences in temperature and increased humidity particularly affect the condition of the tree, as a result of which it swells from moisture, crumbles or rot.
If the stairs installed on the street begin to crumble under the influence of weather conditions, you can re-cover the surface with varnish. This will give it an ideal look and avoid further destruction.
Steps of staining wooden stairs in the house:
- We process the old coating, grind it with a spatula or a construction hair dryer;
- We clean the surface with sandpaper;
- We apply impregnation, we process wood from rotting and other damages;Cover the wooden stairs with varnish or paint.
For street stairs, it is better to take alkyd varnishes, or water-based. Also, wooden steps can be covered with special paint. The protective coating should be periodically updated: treated and varnished.
Treatment of wooden stairs: application of impregnation
In order to ensure long-term preservation of the staircase from the tree on the street or in the house, it must be treated with a leaching impregnation. This tool will help to emphasize the structure of the tree and increase its resistance to damage from mechanical damages and negative weather conditions.
Due to its composition, impregnations do not create films on the surface of the material, the liquid consistency of these agents allows to be well absorbed into the wood.
The range of impregnations is very wide, they differ in composition and properties. Very often, water, nitrocellulose and organic impregnations are used.
Impregnation is divided into the types according to the intended use:
- As protection against decay due to antifungal agents in the formulation.
- As protection against the appearance of insects in the material.
- As a flame retardant for interior work on a salt basis. Such impregnations partially prevent the ignition of the material.
- For preparation of the surface for finish coloring, saving of varnish or azure consumption, even distribution of the final product.
- For painting internal surfaces. Dyes in the composition of such impregnation impart a color to the tree and smooth out the structure of the material.
There are also impregnations that have several assignments and perform two or more functions.
We choose a varnish for wooden stairs made of pine
The best material for making stairs is pine wood. What is the means to paint it or varnish, in order to preserve the novelty effect for as long as possible?
All the details of the pine ladder need to be painted in various ways according to their purpose and mode of operation.
Elements of the ladder and their corresponding painting means:
- The working surface of the steps is painted with lacquers and enamels on an alkyd base.
- The surface of the steps to be walked on, requires a strong layer of varnish. High abrasion resistance has polyurethane parquet varnishes, which are ideal for painting the surface.
- Alkyd and nitrocellulose varnishes can be used for handrails and decorative details made of pine.
As pine fibers have increased resinity and pockets, the ladder of this material must be pretreated with a solution of turpentine or acetone. After that, it is possible to carry out the puttying, grinding and painting.
Parquet lacquer for stairs: paint features and benefits
Parquet lacquer for painting stairs should have protective and decorative qualities. The choice of varnish is carried out in accordance with the expected load on the parquet. The more people are in the room, the stronger and safer the coverage should be.
The following types of varnishes are suitable for parquet:
- Anhydrous - based on alkyd resins, is not afraid of changes in humidity and temperature;
- Water-soluble - water-based, has a high level of environmental friendliness and safety. This varnish does not give a smell. Apply it to the primer.
- Acid-cured is characterized by high resistance, it is used for rooms with a strong load on the parquet surface.
It is important to remember that certain safety precautions must be followed when working with varnishes: use protective equipment such as respirators and gloves. Also, well ventilate the room during operation.
Very good reviews have German parquet varnish, which has excellent strength and durability.
How to varnish the stairs in the house: the rules for choosing the cover
Painted stairs in the room make an unreal impression on the guests and the owners of the house, so it is very important to choose the right coloring agent. It should not only emphasize the beauty and status of the home, but also protect the safety of the tree reliably.
The quality and quality of the wood significantly influences the choice of the cover for the steps in the house.
Rules for selecting a covering for a stair in the house:
- A matte varnish is best used in places that are particularly amenable to wear, since it, when washed, leaves no traces.
- For stairs made of oak, hornbeam, ash and bamboo, it is advisable to choose transparent varnishes. This should be done in order to emphasize the natural texture of the derevy.
- Apply stain to give a certain shade to the tree, it is better to try it on a small surface volume before painting the entire staircase. This is done to avoid excessive darkening of the material.
How to do it right: we cover the ladders with lacquer( video)
When choosing a lacquer for stairs in the house, you should pay attention to the transparency of the product. If the tree has disadvantages, it is better to choose an opaque varnish, and it should be applied in 2 layers. In this case, it is important not to forget about the standard wood painting processes: cleaning, puttying and priming. For expensive material, you should choose transparent varnishes that will emphasize its beauty and nobility.