Concrete monolithic staircases can be located inside or outside the building, in a garden or park. To them they make high demands. Stairs must be safe for operation and reliable. Concrete is a strong and optimal material, which is used to build monolithic stairs of different designs. Such an architectural structure is in residential buildings, public buildings, factories and enterprises. The scope of their application is extensive.
- Monolithic staircase: reinforced concrete structure
- Monolithic staircases from concrete with your own hands: the necessary materials
- We erect garden staircases from monolithic concrete by our own hands: stages of work
- Production of monolithic stairs made of concrete: step by step instruction
- Concrete staircase: the manufacturing process( video)
- Beautiful monolithic stairs made of concrete( photo examples)
Monolithic staircase: reinforced concrete staircasetruktsiya
Solid concrete staircase is being built at a certain stage of construction of the building itself. Correctly reinforced stairs have a long service life. They do not require repair.
Design of reinforced concrete staircases is carried out according to certain rules, which must not contradict GOST and SNiPu.
is used. Reinforced concrete structures of the stairs shall be:
- To be suitable for operation.
Reinforced concrete monolithic stairs have in their structure fittings. Reinforcement occurs at the stage of manufacturing the ladder. For this process, a reinforcement with a cross-sectional diameter of 1 cm is used. First, a formwork is set up, then the ladder reinforcement occurs. Armature is cut to the height and width of the march. Then it contacts the grid. The square of the grid can have a size of 15-20 cm, followed by a second grid. The distance between them should be 10-12 cm. The reinforced concrete structure is fastened to the bearing wall of the building or to an additional column. The wall or column serves as a supporting element for the site.
Reinforced concrete structure, maybe simple or complex in shape and execution. It depends on the drawing, design and construction, which is being built.
Monolithic staircases from concrete with their own hands: the necessary materials
You can make a monolithic staircase of concrete yourself. If you have experience with concrete, then there will be no complexities of scale. You can design, manufacture and install the staircase yourself in several stages.
With the help of modern technologies it is possible to create a ladder made of concrete of any design. The form can be different: the most simple and often used, or original and complex. From concrete it is possible to make figured elements of any complexity.
Liquid concrete is used as a building material. The internal structure has a reinforcement reinforcement.
In order to build a monolithic ladder of concrete, you will need:
- River sand;
- Pure water;
- Hydrated lime.
Lime acts as a plasticizer. It is needed in the composition of the mixture, so that the concrete does not crumble along the edges of the stairs.
The armature is used as an auxiliary material. For this use metal rods.
To form the march formwork is required. It is manufactured on the site where installation work will be carried out. Formwork is made of plywood and wooden shields.
In order to distribute the solution evenly, you should use a vibrating installation.
Rules and the trowel are necessary for leveling of a surface of steps and platforms of a ladder.
We erect garden ladders from monolithic concrete by our own hands: the stages of the
Garden ladders made of solid concrete are erected both inside the house and outside. The staircase can serve as an element for moving between floors. Or it can be installed at the entrance to the house - as a staircase for the porch.
A concrete ladder installed in the garden can be not only a functional element, but also decorative. You can independently make a garden ladder, which will have an original design.
To begin with, you should design a ladder. To do this, you need to make all the necessary measurements. Then make a sketch of the design of the ladder. After developing a draft of the future design, using the necessary dimensions. Calculate the materials and buy them in the building store.
It is impossible to create a multi-level garden without a ladder. The concrete landscape staircase will become a functional construction and a special decoration of the garden.
You can decorate it with artificial materials. The lining of the staircase can be different, depending on the design of the structure and the place of application. Decorative finish can consist of ceramic tile, stone, brick, mosaic made of durable glass.
A special technology is used to make the stairs.
Construction of the staircase takes place in several steps:
- A frame is manufactured;
- Formwork voids are filled with rubble or pebbles;
- Poured concrete steps;
- The exterior trim is done( if necessary).
The frame is made of wooden beams. They are assembled into a single structure. To do this, use additional fasteners.
Production of monolithic stairs made of concrete: step by step instruction
Manufacturing of a monolithic ladder is a responsible job. Often such stairs are erected inside various buildings: in multi-storey houses, cottages, factory and industrial buildings. The stairs must be strong and comfortable.
First formwork is made. For this, a frame is used, which consists of reinforcement, plywood and wooden shields.
The reinforced concrete staircase has in its construction a frame made of metal rods. Reinforcement is carried out on the entire area of the frame of the future staircase. And the lower stage is set on the platform.
After the skeleton of the future ladder is made, you should start the basic work:
- Fix the formwork with spacers;
- Pour the pads and steps with concrete;
- Align the surface of the ladder;
- Leave the drying design;
- Remove the formwork;
- To erect fencing and railings.
After pouring the formwork with concrete, the construction is left to dry. Only after three days remove the formwork.
It takes a long time to manufacture and finish the concrete staircase. A staircase suitable for operation may become several weeks or months later. Only after the final finishing, the ladder can be considered ready and begin to use it.
The final stage is finishing. Finishing monolithic stairs made of different materials: wood, carpet, tile, stone, MDF.Wood and metal are used to make various fences and railings. Metal fences can be manufactured by forging and have an original appearance. Thus, you will bring a highlight to the interior of your multi-storey house or cottage.
Concrete staircase: the manufacturing process of ( video)
Monolithic staircases from concrete have found a wide field of application. To make a ladder with your own hands, you will need a minimum of materials, tools, experience and knowledge. If you follow the technology of erecting such a structure, then the ladder will serve you for many years. It will become not only a functional object in the house, but also be able to decorate the interior of a multi-storey building. Stairs can act as a porch. They are installed not only indoors, but also in gardens and parks.