The warm floor in the sauna undoubtedly serves as a source of a comfortable atmosphere in this cult room for our citizens. It provides heating of the entire room volume from the floor, which allows you to move around in the bath without shoes without hindrance.
There are several basic ways to create a warm floor in a bath.
Very common is electric floor heating. It is quite simple to install and allows for a short time to create an efficient heating system. The advantage of such a system of heated floor in a bath is that it can be arranged without the construction of an individual heating system. For its operation, it is only necessary to supply an electric line. Thus, the electric heated floor in the bath can be built and in the country, even in conditions where you do not have a main water pipe.
Consider how to install it
Step-by-step installation instructions for the heated electrical floor in the bath.
Initially, you need to align the surface of the room of your bath. To do this, you can use a conventional cement-sand screed.
To create a heated floor in the bath, you can use a warm floor, which is available in the form of mats.
This floor is simply rolled on the surface in accordance with the selected laying scheme. Pay attention that under the location of stationary furniture laying the heated floor is not required.
In case you need to cut a piece of warm mat to the size of the room - then cut only the fiberglass that fixes the cable without touching the actual heating cable. In this case, after cutting the fiberglass simply continue to use the strip of heated floor in the next section of the room. Thus, all the strips of the heated mat will be connected by a wire.
Place a place on the wall or floor to place the network cable. If your room has concrete, brick walls, then for the laying of the power cable it is best to pierce the strob. However, it is fashionable to place the power cable and by external wiring.
After placing the heating mat - measure its resistance. The result should be in accordance with the manufacturer's warranty.
Fold the mats, pierce the channels for the electrical cable, and then carefully clean the room.
At the selected level using a drill-screwdriver we arrange self-tapping screws for the subsequent installation of beacons under the screed.
Lighthouses - metal slats we will install parallel to each other starting from the far from the entrance of the wall of the bathhouse. At the same time, the level of penetration of self-tapping screws is determined from the position of the laser beam on the surface of the screwdriver.
Lighthouses - metal slats are exposed to pre-laid piles of mortar.
We place them so that their bottom touches and leans against the heads of self-tapping screw we previously exposed.
We check the horizontality of the beacons exposed by us using the building level.
Note the beacons that cross the heating cable. In the future, after pouring, we will remove them so that under them there is no voids in the layer of screed.
Pour out the kneaded mix for the screed.
After that we level its surface, passing the rule from the far wall to ourselves.
rule. Let the leveled floor be dry.
Water heated floor in the bath with their own hands
No less popular is the device in a heated floor bath with a liquid coolant, the so-called water floor. However, for its arrangement, it is necessary to have either main heating systems or an individual heating boiler, which can not always be found, for example, in bathhouses being built in suburban areas. This option is more suitable when you build a bath in an individual cottage.
Installation of a warm floor with a liquid coolant.
For the layout of water heating pipelines, you can use a heat-insulating substrate, such as shown in the photo.
We remove the surface of the bath room and lay out the heat-insulating layer. Strips of thermal insulation can be fastened together with metallized heat-reflective tape.
We make the layout of the pipes in the room. You can use plain paper in a cage.
The laying scheme "spiral" promotes a uniform heating of the room.
According to the chosen scheme, we fix the fixing clips on the floor surface, we will retreat about 15-20 centimeters from the outer walls. Then we attach the coolant pipe to these clips.
looks. If the heated space is large in area - then it is necessary to place two circuits of the heating pipeline.
After setting up beacons indicating the future level of the floor and fixing a special damping tape around the perimeter of the room - fill in the fixing screed. The thickness of the screed above the pipe should be at least two centimeters. Do not forget to add a plasticizer to the screed - in its quality you can use ordinary liquid soap.
After leveling - the heated floor in your bath is ready for laying any finish of the floor.