Direct stairs: to the second floor is angular, the types and sizes are vertical, how to make and lean against the wall

Even a simple straight staircase is able to nicely complement the interior of the room Even a simple straight ladder is able to beautifully complement the interior space device stairs is very diverse, from the whimsical to the practical design of strict construction. Straight stairs are quite simple in design, however, this does not deprive them of grace and beauty. Stairs with straight marches are diverse in their kind and materials of manufacture.

Contents:
    • Direct stairs to the second floor
    • Corner stairs
    • Forms straight stairs
    • dimensions direct stairs
    • vertical ladder
    • How to make a corner stair with your hands
    • straight stair design( video)
    • Design straight staircase to the second floor( the photo in the interior)

direct staircase to second floor staircase

direct is a subspecies of propulsion designs. In addition to direct lines, there are several subspecies in the form of marches, all of them are inherently direct. The staircase to the second floor of the straight has one march of steps and may not have a platform on the top.

Ladder structure has the following parts:

  • Steps;
  • Under risers;
  • Kosoura or string;
  • Balusters;
  • Handrails.

The design of the straight ladder is quite simple, so with its installation you can completely handle yourself Design straight staircase is quite simple, so its installation can be easily cope on their own

retaining structures stairs stringers or string. Beams sawtooth with a horizontal cut for the steps are called oblique. The supporting kosor can be one, then the support of the steps of the second side is made to the wall, this design is called the wall.

A ladder on two supports is called central. Beams with grooves for steps and steps are called strings, they are made of a well-dried thick board. The staircase can be, with or without cushions, they perform a more decorative function. Balusters and handrails are necessary for the convenience of lifting and decorating the edges of the stairs.

The construction of a straight ladder on two oblique legs is quite simple for self-manufacturing.

Corner stairs

The most popular design is angled staircases. Most often, the staircase angular has a turning staircase around two straight marches. The corner L-shaped ladder is installed in the corner of the room and saves a lot of square meters. In addition, this design is convenient for walking.

A lift to the second floor is stylish and refined with the help of a wooden corner staircase To make the upgrade to the second floor stylish and exquisite possible with the help of a wooden corner ladder

The material for manufacturing is different:

  • Most often, the angular staircase is made of wood;
  • Metal construction is also not uncommon, it is quite strong;
  • Sometimes the ladder design is made of a combination of different materials, for example, wood - metal, metal - stone or wood - stone.

Wooden construction is quite simple in execution and can be executed independently. The corner staircase can be U-shaped, in this case the turntable is oriented at 180 degrees. In the corridor this kind of design looks perfect.

Do not forget about the requirements of GOST for stairs and platforms.

Types of direct ladders

In modern times, the ladder is not only a means of climbing to the second, third, etc.floor. Often the design is still an ornament of the interior. Types of direct stairs are different, and their application depends on the free area, height of ceilings and interstore openings.

Straight ladders are divided into:

  • One-side, which have one ladder;
  • Two-masted cars are L-shaped or U-shaped, contain two march lifts separated by a platform;
  • Three-mast constructions are used in rooms with very high ceilings and with a large interstorey opening.

Before installing a ladder, you must first correctly calculate everything and find the necessary materials for work Before installing the ladder, you must first correctly calculate and select the necessary materials for the operation of the

The type of ladder is selected, according to thorough calculations, it is necessary to take into account all the features of the room.

The width of the opening must be optimal, in a very narrow opening it is uncomfortable to move and it is impossible to transfer volume objects.

Straight single-ladder ladders can be located in the middle of the room, angular and multi-mast often located along the walls. A staircase is quite complicated. It does not have a platform, rotary steps are made instead of it. The gangway can be circular, this design refers more to the screw types of stairs.

Straight ladder dimensions

Straight type of ladder is quite simple, however, for installation it is required to draw a drawing indicating all the dimensions in the Autocad or Compass program by looking at the examples in the Perspective journal. The ladder straight has dimensions, both individual, taking into account the volume of the room, and general, which are taken into account regardless of the square meters and the height of the building.

The size of a straight ladder, as a rule, depends on the size and features of the room, where it will be installed The size of the straight ladder is generally dependent on the dimensions and features of the room where it will be installed.

General design data:

  • The step width is not less than 25 cm;
  • The optimum slope is 30-40 degrees;
  • Depth of steps not more than 25 cm;
  • One flight of stairs is 10-12 steps.

For the installation of a metal ladder, a KMD drawing should be performed. In the Autocad system, you can produce a 3D drawing of a future ladder. In addition, specialized calculators can help with calculations.

Vertical ladder

Another type of ladder is vertical. These are strictly vertical staircases with a minimum slope, consists of strings on both sides and steps. The distance between the strings is not more than 80 cm, the step step is 30-34 cm. The material of manufacture can be of two types: metal or wood. Types of vertical stairs are not very diverse, hinged or attached, that's all the difference.

  • More often, a vertical fire escape is used to make a vertical ladder;
  • In a private house, the ladder is used to descend into the basement, or for ascent to the attic;
  • A suspended staircase in the house serves to move on a sloping roof.

Metal vertical staircases are stronger than wooden stairs, however it is worth considering the metal's property to be heated and cooled. If the climb on such a ladder to be on a hot summer day or, conversely, in a severe frost, it is worth taking care of your hands, wearing protective gloves.

The vertical ladder made of wood is also quite reliable, the plus is the slight susceptibility of the wood to heating or cooling, however, if made on its own, the surface should be well treated to make it smooth. Wooden structures have one drawback - they are often prone to rot, in order to prevent this process, you should choose solid wood grades, and handle all the details of the design with antiseptics.

How to make a staircase with your own hands

Angular staircase is decorated with country houses. In addition to the decorative function, they are quite practical and easy to manufacture with their own hands. It is possible to make a corner staircase from various materials, however, the simplest is a tree.

To begin with, it is important to make calculations, and familiarize yourself with the requirements for ladders and sites. They are prescribed in SNiP, ignoring them is not recommended.

The whole structure of the ladder is divided into load-bearing elements, it is a string or strings, steps and risers, platforms, balusters and handrails.

Before starting work, you should choose the type of wood, the most suitable for the manufacture of stairs are solid wood grades:

  • Good quality larch, suitable for wet rooms, resistant to rot;
  • For dry premises, beech wood is suitable;
  • Very strong oak wood, however, it is quite heavy, it should be taken into account when choosing;
  • Good maple wood is maple, but, as it dries, this type of wood is prone to cracking.

In order for the staircase to be strong and reliable, it is necessary to choose high-quality materials and tools for work In order for the staircase to be strong and reliable, you should choose the quality materials and tools for the work

After selecting the material, you should stock up with the necessary tool.

The entire assembly process can then be divided into the following steps:

  1. The first step is the manufacture of load-bearing elements - cows or bowstring. According to the drawings, markings are placed on the beam and cut out with a hacksaw on wood.
  2. Next you need to install the prepared carrier elements.
  3. The next stage is the preparation of steps and risers, they are cut according to the drawing.
  4. The steps are set in series.
  5. Further it is necessary to make ready areas.
  6. The second march is similar to the first.
  7. After installing the ladder, it is necessary to install the enclosing elements.

Thus, one of the supporting parts is propped against the wall, and the other to the central support, so any type of turning angular staircase is obtained. The further algorithm of actions depends on a choice of a final furnish of a ladder. This can be painting or varnishing. The latter options preserve the natural pattern and color of the wood, which is especially important for noble wood species.

Construction of a straight ladder( video)

The stairs in the house take up enough free space to somehow minimize the loss of precious square meters, many under the staircase arrange different built-in wardrobes. Another option to use sub-shell space can be the arrangement of a cozy workplace. Accordingly, this is only relevant if the staircase is located in the room.

Design straight staircase to the second floor( the photo in the interior)